Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (non-LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant, guideline study, unpublished report available, no restrictions, fully adequate for assessment

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1998
Report Date:
1998

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 406 (Skin Sensitisation)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.6 (Skin Sensitisation)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of study:
guinea pig maximisation test

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): cryolite
- Physical state: off white solid
- Analytical purity: > 95%
- Lot/batch No.: 230298
- Storage condition of test material: at room temperature in the dark

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Dunkin-Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles river, Germany
- Age at study initiation: 5 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: under 500 grams
- Housing: in air conditioned rooms
- Diet: free acces to standard guinea pig diet
- Water: free acces to tap water, diluted with decalcified water

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21
- Humidity (%): 50
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Study design: in vivo (non-LLNA)

Inductionopen allclose all
Route:
intradermal and epicutaneous
Vehicle:
CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose)
Concentration / amount:
- Induction:
intradermal injection: 10%
epidermal induction: 50%

- Challenge: 50%
Challengeopen allclose all
Route:
epicutaneous, occlusive
Vehicle:
CMC (carboxymethyl cellulose)
Concentration / amount:
- Induction:
intradermal injection: 10%
epidermal induction: 50%

- Challenge: 50%
No. of animals per dose:
10
Details on study design:
The test substance concentrations selected for the main study were based on the results of a preliminary study.
In the main study, ten experimental animals were intradermally injected with a 10% concentration and epidermally exposed to a 50% concentration (for 48 hours). Five control animals were similarly treated, but with the vehicle (1% aqueous carboxymethyl cellulose) only. Approximately 24 hours before the epidermal induction exposure all animals were treated with 10% SDS. Two weeks after the epidermal application all animals were challenged (epidermal exposure) with a 50% test substance concentration and the vehicle using a dressing (24 hours exposure). At 24 and 48 hours after removal of the dressing, the treated sites were assessed for challenge reactions.

Mortality/viability was checked twice daily.
Toxicity was checked at least once daily.
Body weights were determined prior to start and at termination of the study.
Challenge controls:
yes (negative controls)
Positive control substance(s):
no

Results and discussion

In vivo (non-LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
50%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 50%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
test group
Dose level:
0%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 0%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
50%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 50%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.
Reading:
1st reading
Hours after challenge:
24
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
0%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 1st reading. . Hours after challenge: 24.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 0%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
50%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 50%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
test group
Dose level:
0%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
10
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: test group. Dose level: 0%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 10.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
50%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 50%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.
Reading:
2nd reading
Hours after challenge:
48
Group:
negative control
Dose level:
0%
No. with + reactions:
0
Total no. in group:
5
Remarks on result:
other: Reading: 2nd reading. . Hours after challenge: 48.0. Group: negative control. Dose level: 0%. No with. + reactions: 0.0. Total no. in groups: 5.0.

Any other information on results incl. tables

No evidence was obtained that cryolite had caused skin hypersensitivity in the guinea pig, since no responses were observed in the experimental animals in the challenge phase. This result indicates a sensitisation rate of 0 per cent.

After intradermal injection with 10% cryolite, erythema grade 3 was observed. Epidermal exposure resulted in grade 1 erythema in 2/8 animals. No skin reactions were evident after the challenge exposure in the experimental and control animals.

No mortality occurred and no symptoms of systemic toxicity were observed. In addition, no effects on body weight (gain) were reported.

Applicant's summary and conclusion