Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
271-010-2
CAS no.:
68513-66-6
Index number:
649-087-00-2
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
1
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer and is an extremely flammable gas.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, is harmful if inhaled, may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure and contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Breakdown of all 18 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Gas 1 H220 Harmonised Classification
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1A H360
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350
STOT RE 2 H373
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Officially recognised in the EU as Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • M
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Mutagenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (66.67% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 1 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, for intermediate use only.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), of substances in closed systems with minimal release, manufacturing of the substance and for thermoplastic manufacture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

Keep out of reach of children.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: In case of leakage eliminate all ignition sources. In case of leaking gas fire do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN SA, ul. Chemików 7 09-411 Płock Poland

Substance names and other identifiers

[A complex residuum from the distillation of streams various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately – 11.7 °C to 27.8 °C (11 °F to 82 °F).]
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
C&L Inventory
Alkylation splitter bottoms
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
Other
Petroleum gas
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
C&L Inventory
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich; Petroleum gas [ complex residuum from the distillation of streams various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately - 11.7 o C to 27.8 o C (11 °F to 82 °F).]
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich; Petroleum gas
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes
Residues, petroleum, alkylation splitter, C4-rich
A complex residuum from the distillation of streams from various refinery operations. It consists of hydrocarbons having carbon numbers in the range of C4 through C5, predominantly butane and boiling in the range of approximately -11.7°C to 27.8°C (11°F to 82°F).
Other
(Keerulise koostisega jääk, mis saadakse mitmesugustest rafineerimisoperatsioonidest pärinevate voogude destilleerimisel. Koosneb süsivesinikest süsiniku aatomite arvuga vahemikus C4 kuni C5, peamiselt butaanist, ning keeb temperatuuril vahemikus umbes –11,7°C -27,8 °C.) (et)
C&L Inventory
[A különféle finomítási műveletekből származó folyadékok desztillációjából nyert komplex maradék. Olyan szénhidrogénekből áll (főleg butánból), melyek szénatomszáma a C4-C5 tartományban van. Hozzávetőleges forráspont tartománya –11,7°C-tól 27,8°C-ig (11°F-től 82°F-ig) terjed.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
[Atlikums ar plašu sastāvu, iegūts, destilējot plūsmās ar dažādām attīrīšanas operācijām. Sastāv no ogļūdeņražiem ar oglekļa atomu skaitu no C4 līdz C5, galvenokārt no butāna, aptuvenā viršanas temperatūra -11.7°C līdz 27.8°C (11°F līdz 82°F).] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleks rest fra destillasjon av strømmer fra forskjellige raffineriprosesser. Består av hydrokarboner, C4 til C5, hovedsakelig butan, og har omtrentlig kokepunktsintervall fra -11,7 °C til 27,8 °C (11 °F til 82 °F).] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleksen ostanek destilacije tokov iz različnih operacij v rafineriji. Sestoji iz ogljikovodikov s številom ogljikovih atomov v območju med C4 in C5, pretežno iz butana, ter ima vrelišče v območju približno med –11,7 °C in 27,8 °C.] (sl)
C&L Inventory
[komplexer Rückstand aus der Destillation von Läufen aus verschiedenen Raffinerievorgängen; besteht aus Kohlenwasserstoffen mit Kohlenstoffzahlen im Bereich von C4 bis C5, vorwiegend Butan, mit einem Siedebereich von etwa -11,7 °C bis 27,8 °C] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Komplexný zvyšok z destilácie materiálov z viacerých rafinérskych procesov. Pozostáva z uhľovodíkov s počtom atómov uhlíka prevažne v rozmedzí od C4 do C5, predovšetkým butánu. Má teplotu varu v rozmedzí približne od mínus 11,7 °C do 27,8 °C.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[Složeni ostatak iz destilacije tokova različitih rafinerijskih operacija. Sastoji se od ugljikovodika koji imaju broj ugljikovih atoma u području C4 do C5, pretežito butan a vrije u području približno – 11,7 °C do 27,8 °C.] (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Složitý zbytek z destilace proudů z různých rafinérských operací. Je složen z uhlovodíků s počtem uhlíkových atomů v rozmezí C4 až C5, převážně butanu, s teplotou varu v rozmezí přibližně -11,7 °C až 27,8 °C.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Sudėtinis produktų, gautų įvairiuose naftos perdirbimo gamyklos procesuose, distiliavimo likutis. Jį sudaro angliavandeniliai, turintys anglies atomų skaičių nuo C4 iki C5, daugiausia butanas, ir kurių virimo temperatūra maždaug nuo −11,7 °C iki 27,8 °C (nuo 11 °F iki 82 °F).] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Un reziduu complex rezultat prin distilarea produşilor diferitelor procese de rafinare. Constă în hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C4 şi C5 , predominând butanul şi având punctul de fierbere cuprins între11.7°C şi 27.8°C (11°F şi 82°F).] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Złożona pozostałość z destylacji strumieni różnych operacji rafineryjnych. Składa się z węglowodorów o liczbie atomów węgla w zakresie od C4 do C5, głównie butan i wrze w zakresie ok. od -11,7°C do 27,8°C (11°F do 82°F).] (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Πολύπλοκο υπόλειμμα της απόσταξης ρευμάτων από διάφορες διεργασίες διυλιστηρίου. Συνίσταται από υδρογονάνθρακες με αριθμό ατόμων άνθρακα από C4 έως C5, κυρίως βουτάνιο, που αποστάζουν μεταξύ -11,7°C και 27,8°C περίπου.] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Комплексен остатък, получен при дестилация на потоци от различни операции в рафинерията. Състои се от въглеводороди с брой на въглеродните атоми в интервала от С4 до С5 включително, преобладаващо бутан, и с температура на кипене приблизително в интервала от -11,7 °C до 27,8 °C. (11°F до 82°F).] (bg)
C&L Inventory
Atlikumi (nafta), alkilēšanas sadalītājs, bagāti ar C4 (lv)
C&L Inventory
Een complex residu, afkomstig uit de destillatie van stromen uit uiteenlopende raffinagebewerkingen. Bestaat uit koolwaterstoffen, C4 tot en met C5, overwegend butaan, met een kooktraject van ongeveer -11,7°C tot 27,8°C. (nl)
C&L Inventory
En sammensat remanens fra destillationen af strømme fra forskellige raffinaderiprocesser. Den består af carbonhydrider C4 til og med C5, overvejende butan, med kogeinterval omtrent fra -11,7°C til 27,8°C (11 ºF til 82 ºF). (da)
C&L Inventory
gas di petrolio (it)
C&L Inventory
Gase aus der Erdölverarbeitung (de)
C&L Inventory
Gaser (petroleum), alkyleringsseparationstorns, C4-rika (sv)
C&L Inventory
gases de petróleo (es)
C&L Inventory
gaz de pétrole (fr)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (ro)
C&L Inventory
Gaz z ropy naftowej (pl)
C&L Inventory
Gás de petróleo (pt)
C&L Inventory
Jäägid (nafta), alküülimiskolonnist, C4-rikkad (et)
C&L Inventory
Jäännökset (maaöljy), alkylointijakotislauskolonni, C4-rikas (fi)
C&L Inventory
Komplexa återstoder från destillation av strömmar från olika raffinaderiprocesser. Består av kolväten C4 till C5, främst butan, med ungefärligt kokpunktsintervall från -11,7 °C till 27,8 °C. (sv)
C&L Inventory
Kulbrintegasser (da)
C&L Inventory
Kőolaj gáz (hu)
C&L Inventory
Likučiai (nafta), alkilinimo dujų atskyrimo kolona, turi daug C4 (lt)
C&L Inventory
Maaöljykaasu (fi)
C&L Inventory
Maradékok (nyersolaj), alkilező hasító, C4-ben gazdag (hu)
C&L Inventory
Monimutkainen jäännös useiden jalostusoperaatioiden virtojen tislauksesta. Koostuu hiilivedyistä, joiden hiililuvut ovat välillä C4:stä C5:een, pääasiassa butaanista ja jotka kiehuvat likimäärin välillä -11,7 °C:sta 27,8°C:een (11°F-82°F). (fi)
C&L Inventory
Naftagaas (et)
C&L Inventory
Naftas gāze (lv)
C&L Inventory
Naftni plin (hr)
C&L Inventory
Naftos dujos (lt)
C&L Inventory
Ostaci (nafta), spliter alkilacije, s pretežito C4 (hr)
C&L Inventory
ostanki (zemeljsko olje), separator alkiliranja, bogat na C4 (sl)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (nl)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (sv)
C&L Inventory
petroleumsgass (no)
C&L Inventory
plin iz predelave zemeljskega olja (sl)
C&L Inventory
plyn zo spracovania ropy (sk)
C&L Inventory
Pozostałości (ropa naftowa) z rozdzielenia gazów po alkilacji, bogate w węglowodory C4 (pl)
C&L Inventory
Residuen (aardolie), alkyleringssplitter, C4-rijk (nl)
C&L Inventory
residui (petrolio), splitter di alchilazione, ricchi di C4 (it)
C&L Inventory
residuo complejo de la destilación de corrientes de diversas operaciones de refinería; compuesta de hidrocarburos con un número de carbonos dentro del intervalo de C4 a C5, en su mayor parte butano y con un intervalo de ebullición aproximado de -11,7 °C a 27,8 °C (es)
C&L Inventory
Residuo complesso della distillazione di correnti provenienti da varie operazioni di raffineria. È costituita da idrocarburi con numero di atomi di carbonio nell'intervallo C4-C5, prevalentemente butano, e punto di ebollizione nell'intervallo -11,7°C - 27,8°C ca. (da 11°F a 82°F). (it)
C&L Inventory
residuos (petróleo), separador de alquilación ricos en C4 (es)
C&L Inventory
rester (petroleum), alkyleringssplitter, C4-rike (no)
C&L Inventory
rester (råolie), alkyleringssplitter-, C4-rige (da)
C&L Inventory
Resíduo complexo da destilação de correntes provenientes de várias operações de refinaria. É constituído por hidrocarbonetos com número de átomos de carbono na gama C4 a C5, com predominância de butano, e destilação no intervalo aproximado de 11,7 °C a 27,8 °C. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Resíduos (petróleo), de separador (splitter) da alquilação, ricos em C4 (pt)
C&L Inventory
Reziduuri (petrol), separator de alchilare, bogate în C4 (mt)
C&L Inventory
Reziduuri (petrol), separator de alchilare, bogate în C4 (ro)
C&L Inventory
Ropný plyn (cs)
C&L Inventory
Résidu complexe issu de la distillation de mélanges provenant de diverses opérations de raffinerie. Se compose d'hydrocarbures dont le nombre de carbones se situe principalement dans la gamme C4-C5, principalement du butane, et dont le point d'ébullition est compris entre -11,7 °C et 27,8 °C. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Résidus (pétrole), colonne de séparation de produits d'alkylation, riches en C4;gaz de pétrole;[résidu complexe issu de la distillation de produits résultant de diverses opérations de raffinage. Se compose d'hydrocarbures comportant 4 à 5 atomes de carbone (C4-C5), essentiellement du butane, et dont l'intervalle d'ébullition est compris approximativement entre - 11,7 et 27,8 oC (entre 11 et 82o F).] (fr)
C&L Inventory
Rückstände (Erdöl), Trennung durch Alkylierung, C4-reich (de)
C&L Inventory
Un reziduu complex rezultat prin distilarea produşilor diferitelor procese de rafinare. Constă în hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C4 şi C5 , predominând butanul şi având punctul de fierbere cuprins între11.7°C şi 27.8°C (11°F şi 82°F). (mt)
C&L Inventory
Zbytky (ropné), alkylační separátor, bohaté na C4; (cs)
C&L Inventory
zvyšky (ropné), z destilácie, s vysokým obsahom C4 (sk)
C&L Inventory
Πετρελαϊκό αέριο (el)
C&L Inventory
υπολείμματαΥπολείμματα (πετρελαίου), διαχωριστήρα αλκυλίωσης, πλούσια σε C4 (el)
C&L Inventory
Нефтен газ (bg)
C&L Inventory
Остатъчни продукти (нефт), от разделителна колона в инсталация за алкилиране, богати на С4 (bg)
C&L Inventory
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich
Other
Residues (petroleum), alkylation splitter, C4-rich
Registration dossier
649-087-00-2
Index number
C&L Inventory
68513-66-6
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [10]
C Form
Liquified gas (88%), Not specified (13%) [8]
C Odour
Other (50%), Odourless (38%), Slight (13%) [8]
C Substance type
Petroleum product (75%), Organic (25%) [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-187.6 - -138.3 °C @ 101.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Boiling point
-161.48 - -0.5 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
0.423 - 0.589 g/cm³ @ -89 - 25 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
412.927 kPa @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.09 - 2.8 @ 20 °C and pH 7 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
24.4 - 60.4 mg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 7 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Flash point
-104 - -60 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
287 - 537 °C @ 99.8 - 102.1 kPa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
5.222 years [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 24.11 - 147.54 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 14.22 - 69.43 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 7.71 - 16.5 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 2.21 mg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 23.4 mg/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 66.4 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (15 min) 1 442.738 - 1 443 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (15 min) 800 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 1 237 mg/L air (mouse) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 520 400 - 539 600 ppm (mouse) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [3]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 7.214 - 21.394 mg/L air [4]
NOAEC (rat): 4 000 - 16 000 ppm [6]
NOAEC (mouse): 10 000 ppm [1]
LOAEC (rat): 21.641 mg/L air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 5 000 - 12 000 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant