Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
270-670-9
CAS no.:
68476-29-9
Index number:
649-198-00-6
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
1
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer and is an extremely flammable gas.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, is harmful if inhaled, may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure and contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Breakdown of all 18 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Gas 1 H220 Harmonised Classification
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1A H360
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350
STOT RE 2 H373
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Officially recognised in the EU as Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • M
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Mutagenic (66.67% of REACH registrations).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (66.67% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 1 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 000 to < 1 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and for thermoplastic manufacture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

Keep out of reach of children.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: In case of leakage eliminate all ignition sources. In case of leaking gas fire do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • BAYERNOIL Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, Postfach 1252 93328 Neustadt Bavaria Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

[A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately – 217 °C to – 12 °C (– 423 °F to 10 °F).]
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
C&L Inventory
Fuel gas
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
Other
Fuel gases, crude oil distillates
EC Inventory, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances
Fuel gases, crude oil distillates
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances
Fuel gases, crude oil of distillates
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
C&L Inventory
Fuel gases, crude oil of distillates; Petroleum gas [ complex combination of light gases produced by distil lation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately - 217o C to - 12 o C (– 423 °F to 10 °F).]
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Fuel gases, crude oil of distillates; Petroleum gas
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes
Petroleum gas
A complex combination of light gases produced by distillation of crude oil and by catalytic reforming of naphtha. It consists of hydrogen and hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly in the range of C1 through C4 and boiling in the range of approximately -217°C to -12°C (-423°F to 10°F).
C&L Inventory
(Keerulise koostisega kergete gaaside segu, mis tekib toorõli destillatsioonil ja raskbensiini katalüütilisel reformingul. Koosneb vesinikust ja süsivesinikest, mille süsiniku aatomite arv on valdavalt vahemikus C1 kuni C4, ning on keemistemperatuuriga umbes –217°C kuni –12 °C.) (et)
C&L Inventory
[combinación compleja de gases ligeros producida por destilación de petróleo crudo y por reformado catalítico de nafta; compuesta de hidrógeno e hidrocarburos con un número de carbonos en su mayor parte dentro del intervalo de C1 a C4 y con un intervalo de ebullición de -217 °C a -12 °C (es)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleks blanding av lette gasser fremstilt ved destillasjon av råolje og ved katalytisk reformering av nafta. Består av hydrogen og hydrokarboner, hovedsakelig C1 til C4, og med omtrentlig kokepunktsintervall fra -217 °C til -12 °C (-423 °F til 10 °F).] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Kompleksna kombinacija lahkih plinov proizvedenih z destilacijo surovega olja in s katalitskim reformingom nafte. Sestoji iz vodika in ogljikovodikov s številom ogljikovih atomov pretežno v območju med C1 in C4 ter ima vrelišče v območju približno med –217 °C in –12 °C.] (sl)
C&L Inventory
[komplexe Kombination von leichten Gasen, hergestellt durch Destillation von Rohöl und durch katalytisches Reformieren von Naphtha; besteht aus Wasserstoff und Kohlenwasserstoffen mit Kohlenstoffzahlen vorwiegend im Bereich von C1 bis C4 mit einem Siedebereich von etwa 217 °C bis 12 °C] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Komplexná zmes ľahkých plynov získavaná destiláciou ropy a katalytickým reformovaním ťažkého benzínu. Pozostáva z vodíka a uhľovodíkov s počtom atómov uhlíka prevažne v rozmedzí od C1 do C4. Má teplotu varu v rozmedzí približne od mínus 217 °C do mínus 12 °C.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[Könnyű gázok komplex elegye, melyet nyersolaj desztillációjával és benzin katalitikus reformálásával állítanak elő. Hidrogénből és olyan szénhidrogénekből áll, melyek szénatomszáma a C1-C4 tartományban van. Forrásponttartománya kb. –217°C-tól –12°C-ig (–423°F-től 10°F-ig) terjed.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
[Monimutkainen seos kevyitä kaasuja, saatu raakaöljyn tislauksesta ja teollisuusbensiinin katalyyttisestä reformoinnista. Koostuu vedystä ja hiilivedyistä, joiden hiililuvut ovat pääasiassa välillä C1:stä C4:ään ja jotka kiehuvat likimäärin välillä -217 °C:sta -12 °C:een (-423°F:sta 10°F:iin)) (fi)
C&L Inventory
[O combinaţie complexă de gaze uşoare produse prin distilarea ţiţeiului brut şi prin reformarea catalitică a fracţiei nafta. Constă în hidrogen şi hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C1 şi C4 şi al căror punct de fierbere este cuprins între217°C şi12°C (-423°F şi 10°F).] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Složeni sastav lakih plinova proizvedenih destilacijom nafte i katalitičkim reformiranjem benzina. Sastoji se od vodika i ugljikovodika s brojem ugljikovih atoma pretežito u području C1 do C4 i vriju u području približno -217°C to -12°C.] (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Složitá směs lehkých plynů produkovaná destilací ropy a katalytickým reformováním těžkého benzínu. Je složena z vodíku a uhlovodíků s počtem uhlíkových atomů převážně v rozmezí C1 až C4, s rozmezím teploty varu přibližně -217 °C až -12 °C.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Sudėtinis lengvųjų dujų mišinys, gaunamas distiliuojant žalią naftą ir vykdant pirminio benzino katalizinį riformingą. Jį sudaro vandenilis ir angliavandeniliai, turintys anglies atomų skaičių daugiausia nuo C1 iki C4, ir kurių virimo temperatūra maždaug nuo − 217 °C iki − 12 °C (nuo −423 °F iki 10 °F).] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Vieglo gāzu savienojumu komplekss, kas iegūts, destilējot jēlnaftu un pielietojot ligroīna katalītisko riformingu. Sastāv galvenokārt no ūdeņraža un ogļūdeņražiem, pārsvarā ar oglekļa atomu skaitu no C1 līdz C4, aptuvenā viršanas temperatūra no -217°C līdz -12°C (-423°F līdz 10°F).] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[Złożona mieszanina lekkich gazów wytworzona przez destylację surowego oleju i reforming katalityczny nafty. Składa się z wodoru i węglowodorów o liczbie atomów węgla zasadniczo w zakresie C1 do C4 i wrze w zakresie ok. od -217°C to -12°C (-423°F do 10°F).] (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Πολύπλοκος συνδυασμός ελαφρών αερίων που παράγεται με απόσταξη αργού πετρελαίου και καταλυτική αναμόρφωση νάφθας. Συνίσταται από υδρογόνο και υδρογονάνθρακες με αριθμό ατόμων άνθρακα κυρίως μεταξύC1 και C4 που αποστάζουν μεταξύ -217 °C και -12 °C περίπου.] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Комплексна комбинация от леки газове, получени при дестилация на суров нефт и от каталитичен реформинг на нискооктанов бензин. Състои се от водород, въглеводороди с брой на въглеродните атоми основно в интервала от С1 до С4 включително, и с температура на кипене приблизително в интервала от -217 °C до-12 °C. (-423°F до 10°F).] (bg)
C&L Inventory
Brandstofgassen, destillaten van ruwe olie (nl)
C&L Inventory
Brenngase, Rohöldestillate (de)
C&L Inventory
brenngasser, råoljedestillater (no)
C&L Inventory
Bränngaser, råoljedestillat (sv)
C&L Inventory
brændselsgasser, råoliedestillater (da)
C&L Inventory
Combinaison complexe de gaz légers résultant de la distillation du pétrole brut et du reformage catalytique du naphta. Se compose d'hydrogène et d'hydrocarbures dont le nombre de carbones se situe en majorité dans la gamme C1 -C4 et dont le point d'ébullition est compris approximativement entre -217°C et -12°C. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Combinazione complessa di gas leggeri prodotta per distillazione di petrolio grezzo e reforming catalitico di nafta. È costituita da idrogeno e idrocarburi con numero di atomi di carbonio prevalentemente nell'intervallo C1 -C4 e punto di ebollizione nell'intervallo da -217 °C a -12 °C (da -423°F a 10°F). (it)
C&L Inventory
Combinação complexa de gases leves obtida por destilação de petróleo bruto e por reformação catalítica de nafta. É constituída por hidrogénio e hidrocarbonetos com número de átomos de carbono predominantemente na gama C1 a C4 e destilação no intervalo aproximado de -217 °C a -12 °C. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Combustibili gazoşi, ulei brut al distilatelor (mt)
C&L Inventory
Combustibili gazoşi, ulei brut al distilatelor (ro)
C&L Inventory
Deggāzes, jēlnaftas destilāts (lv)
C&L Inventory
Dujinis kuras, žalios naftos distiliatai (lt)
C&L Inventory
Een compexe verzameling lichte gassen, gevormd door destillatie van ruwe olie en door katalytische reforming van nafta. Bestaat uit waterstof en koolwaterstoffen, overwegend C1 tot en met C4, met een kooktraject van ongeveer -217°C tot -12°C. (nl)
C&L Inventory
En sammensat blanding af lette gasser fremstillet ved destillation af råolie og ved katalytisk reformering af naphtha. Den består af hydrogen og carbonhydrider, overvejende C1 til og med C4, med kogeinterval omtrent fra -217°C til -12°C (423 ºF til 10 ºF). (da)
C&L Inventory
gas combustibili, distillati di petrolio grezzo (it)
C&L Inventory
gas di petrolio (it)
C&L Inventory
Gase aus der Erdölverarbeitung (de)
C&L Inventory
gases combustibles, destilados de petróleo crudo (es)
C&L Inventory
Gases combustíveis, destilados de petróleo bruto (pt)
C&L Inventory
gases de petróleo (es)
C&L Inventory
Gaz combustibles, distillats de pétrole brut;gaz de pétrole;[combinaison complexe de gaz légers obtenue par distillation de pétrole brut et par reformage catalytique du naphtha. Se compose d'hydrogène et d'hydrocarbures comportant majoritairement de 1 à 4 atomes de carbone (C1-C4) et dont l'intervalle d'ébullition est compris approximativement entre - 217 et 12 oC (entre - 423 et 10o F).] (fr)
C&L Inventory
gaz de pétrole (fr)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (mt)
C&L Inventory
Gaz petrolier (ro)
C&L Inventory
Gaz z ropy naftowej (pl)
C&L Inventory
Gazy opałowe z destylacji ropy naftowej (pl)
C&L Inventory
gorivni plini, destilati surovega olja (sl)
C&L Inventory
Gás de petróleo (pt)
C&L Inventory
Komplex blandning av lätta gaser, erhållen genom destillation av råolja vid katalytisk reformering av nafta. Består av väte och kolväten, främst C1 till C4, med ungefärligt kokpunktsintervall från -217 °C till -12 °C. (sv)
C&L Inventory
Kulbrintegasser (da)
C&L Inventory
Küttegaasid, toorõli destillaadid (et)
C&L Inventory
Kőolaj gáz (hu)
C&L Inventory
Loživi plinovi, destilati nafte (hr)
C&L Inventory
Maaöljykaasu (fi)
C&L Inventory
Naftagaas (et)
C&L Inventory
Naftas gāze (lv)
C&L Inventory
Naftni plin (hr)
C&L Inventory
Naftos dujos (lt)
C&L Inventory
O combinaţie complexă de gaze uşoare produse prin distilarea ţiţeiului brut şi prin reformarea catalitică a fracţiei nafta. Constă în hidrogen şi hidrocarburi al căror număr de atomi de carbon variază între C1 şi C4 şi al căror punct de fierbere este cuprins între217°C şi12°C (-423°F şi 10°F). (mt)
C&L Inventory
palivové plyny, z destilácie ropy (sk)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (nl)
C&L Inventory
Petroleumgas (sv)
C&L Inventory
petroleumsgass (no)
C&L Inventory
plin iz predelave zemeljskega olja (sl)
C&L Inventory
plyn zo spracovania ropy (sk)
C&L Inventory
Polttokaasut, raakaöljytisleet (fi)
C&L Inventory
Ropný plyn (cs)
C&L Inventory
Topné plyny, hlavové destiláty ropy (cs)
C&L Inventory
Éghető gázok, desztillátumok nyersolaja (hu)
C&L Inventory
Κκαύσιμα αέρια, αποστάγματα αργού πετρελαίου (el)
C&L Inventory
Πετρελαϊκό αέριο (el)
C&L Inventory
Горивни газове, дестилати на суров нефт (bg)
C&L Inventory
Нефтен газ (bg)
C&L Inventory
Fuel gases, crude oil distillates
Other
Fuel gases, crude oil distillates
Registration dossier
649-198-00-6
Index number
C&L Inventory
68476-29-9
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, FCM Active and Intelligent Materials - CMRs not allowed for use, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex II - Prohibited Substances, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Protection of Pregnant and Breastfeeding Workers Directive, Annex I+II, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Carc and Muta Directive, Annex I - Substances, Mixtures & Processes, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [10]
C Form
Liquified gas (88%), Not specified (13%) [8]
C Odour
Other (50%), Odourless (38%), Slight (13%) [8]
C Substance type
Petroleum product (75%), Organic (25%) [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-187.6 - -138.3 °C @ 101.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Boiling point
-161.48 - -0.5 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
0.423 - 0.589 g/cm³ @ -89 - 25 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
412.927 kPa @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.09 - 2.8 @ 20 °C and pH 7 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
24.4 - 60.4 mg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 7 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Flash point
-104 - -60 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
287 - 537 °C @ 99.8 - 102.1 kPa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
5.222 years [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 24.11 - 147.54 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 14.22 - 69.43 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 7.71 - 16.5 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 2.21 mg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 23.4 mg/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 66.4 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (15 min) 1 442.738 - 1 443 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (15 min) 800 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 1 237 mg/L air (mouse) [1]
LC50 (2 h) 520 400 - 539 600 ppm (mouse) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [3]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 7.214 - 21.394 mg/L air [4]
NOAEC (rat): 4 000 - 16 000 ppm [6]
NOAEC (mouse): 10 000 ppm [1]
LOAEC (rat): 21.641 mg/L air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 5 000 - 12 000 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 8
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant