Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Diphosphorus pentasulphide
  • IUPAC name: [(disulfanylidene-lambda5-phosphanyl)sulfanyl]-lambda5-phosphanedithione
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-242-4
CAS no.:
1314-80-3
Index number:
015-104-00-1
Molecular formula:
P2S5
SMILES:
S=P(=S)SP(=S)=S
InChI:
InChI=1S/P2S5/c3-1(4)7-2(5)6
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
4
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is very toxic to aquatic life, is a flammable solid, in contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously, is harmful if swallowed and is harmful if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance causes eye irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is toxic if swallowed, is toxic in contact with skin, causes severe skin burns and eye damage and causes serious eye damage.

Breakdown of all 461 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Sol. 1 H228 Harmonised Classification
Water-react. 1 H260 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Acute Tox. 3 H311
Skin Corr. 1C H314
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2B H320
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 5 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area for industrial use resulting in the manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not allow contact with water; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: If on skin: Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water (or wrap in wet bandages). If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a dry place and in a closed container.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Afton Chemical S.P.R.L. (Woluwe), Alma Court Lenneke Marelaan, 8 B-1932 St-Stevens-Woluwe Belgium
  • Cheminova A/S, Thyborønvej 76-78 DK-7673 Harboøre Denmark
  • Italmatch Chemicals Spa, Via Magazzini del Cotone 17 – modulo 4 16128 Genova Italy
  • Lubrizol France SAS, 25 Quai de France 76100 ROUEN France
  • Perimeter Solutions GmbH, Industriestrasse 300 Chemiepark Knapsack 50354 Hürth Germany

Other names

  • -
  • 2,4,6,8,9,10-Hexathia-1,3,5,7-tetraphosphatricyclo[3.3.1.13,7]decane, 1,3,5,7-tetrasulfide
  • Diphoshorus pentasulfide
  • Diphosphorus pentasulfide
  • Diphosphorus pentasulphide
  • Phosphorous pentasulphide
  • Phosphorus pentasulphide
  • tricyclo[3.3.1.13,7]tetraphosphathiane 1,3,5,7-tetrasulfide
  • [(disulfanylidene-lambda5-phosphanyl)sulfanyl]-lambda5-phosphanedithione
  • Diphosphorus pentasulphide
  • phosphorus pentasulphide
  • Diphosphorpentasulfid
  • Fosforpentasulfid
  • P0
  • Tetraphosphorus decasulfide

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Crystalline (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
285 - 288 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Boiling point
513 - 515 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Relative density
2.03 - 2.09 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
1.333 hPa @ 300 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
310 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Highly flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Highly flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Data not provided by the registrant

Viscosity

Data not provided by the registrant

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Data not provided by the registrant

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 160 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water -
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) -
Sediment (freshwater) -
Sediment (marine water) -
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil -
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning -

Short–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 122.4 - 160 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (24 h) 2.44 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 276 mmol/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 2 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Data not provided by the registrant

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 791 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 3 160 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Relatively harmless [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Repeated dose toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Data not provided by the registrant

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant