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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin corrosion: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Aug 2017 - Nov 2018
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2018
Report Date:
2018

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 431 (In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE) Test Method)
Version / remarks:
Adopted on 29 July 2016
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
please refer to "Principles of method if other than guideline"
Principles of method if other than guideline:
OD values obtained in the main experiment fell out the spectrophotometer linear range, defined by the MTT formazan curve performed on the day of the experiment. As soon as this issue was noted, within the same week of the experiment, a second calibrationcurve was prepared using a higher maximum concentration. Thus, a spectrophotometer linear range including OD values obtained in the main experiment was obtained. No other deviations occurred during the study.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
human
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
test item: treatment level of 20 ± 2mg/epidermis unit, each measuring 0.38cm2 (treatment level: 52.6mg/cm2)
positive and negative control: treatment level of 50 μL/epidermis unit
Duration of treatment / exposure:
exposure period of 3, 60 and 240 minutes
Number of replicates:
2

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
3 min
Value:
40
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
not examined
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
60 min
Value:
79
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
not examined
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
240min
Value:
75
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: EU GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The mean cell viability of the test item treated tissues, after the blank subtraction, was higher than 35% at all treatment times. Based on the results obtained, the test item TP 1646 is identified as non-corrosive to the skin.
Executive summary:

The potential of the test item to be corrosive to the skin was investigated through an in vitro skin corrosion study, using a commercial reconstructed human epidermis (RhE) model named EPISKIN™. The experimental procedures are based on the OECD Guideline for testing of chemicals no. 431 and was performed under GLP conditions. The test item, as well as controls, were tested for their ability to impair cell viability after an exposure period of 3, 60 and 240 minutes. The final endpoint of the assay is the colorimetric measurement of MTT reduction (blue formazan salt) in the test system, being this reaction an index of cell viability. The test item was tested as supplied by the Sponsor.

A preliminary test was carried out to evaluate the compatibility of the test item with the test system. In a first step, the test item was assayed for the ability of reducing MTT per se. After addition of the test item to the MTT solution, a blue colour was noted indicating that the test item could direct interact with MTT. In a second step, the test item was assayed for the ability of colouring water per se. A colourless solution was observed, indicating that the test item has no potential interfering ability. Based on these results, an additional control for non specific MTT reduction (NSMTT) was added in the Main Assay.

In the Main Assay, for each treatment time, the test item (physical state: solid) was applied as supplied in two replicates, at the treatment level of 20 ± 2 mg/epidermis unit, each measuring 0.38 cm2 (treatment level: 52.6 mg/cm2). Positive and negative controls (glacial acetic acid and physiological saline, respectively) were concurrently tested, in the same number of replicates and test conditions at the treatment level of 50 μL/epidermis unit. Positive control was included only at the longest treatment time of 240 minutes, while a negative control was included for each treatment time.

In the Main Assay, the negative controls gave the expected baseline value (Optical Density values ≥ 0.6 and ≤ 1.5) and variability (difference of viability between the two replicates lower than 30%), at each treatment time, in agreement with the guideline indications. For each treatment time, the concurrent negative control mean value is considered the baseline value of the treatment series and thus represents 100% of cell viability.

The positive control caused the expected cell death (1% of cell viability, when compared to the negative control).

Based on the stated criteria, the assay was regarded as valid.

The NSMTT values were higher than 5%, but lower than 50% at all treatment times, thus these values were subtracted from the concurrent mean OD value of the test item treated tissues, to evaluate the actual viability.

The mean cell viability of the test item treated tissues, after the blank subtraction, was higher than 35% at all treatment times. Based on the results obtained, the test item TP 1646 is identified as non-corrosive to the skin.