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Description of key information

An acute oral toxicity study determined a LD50 as >2000mg/kg bodyweight. There is no evidence of a relevant intrinsic acute oral toxicity requiring classification or substance specific Risk Management Measures.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
The study was performed between 17 November 2011 and 06 December 2011
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted to GLP and in compliance with agreed protocols, with no or minor deviations from standard test guidelines and/or minor methodological deficiencies, which do not effect the quality of the relevant results.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Female Wistar (RccHan™:WIST) strain rats were supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK. On receipt the animals were randomly allocated to cages. The females were nulliparous and non-pregnant. After an acclimatisation period of at least five days the animals were selected at random and given a number unique within the study by indelible ink marking on the tail and a number written on a cage card. At the start of the study the animals were eight to twelve weeks of age. The bodyweight variation did not exceed ±20% of the bodyweight of the initially dosed animal.
The animals were housed in groups of up to four in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. With the exception of an overnight fast immediately before dosing and for approximately three to four hours after dosing, free access to mains drinking water and food (2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study. The diet, drinking water and bedding were routinely analysed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that would reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.
The temperature and relative humidity were set to achieve limits of 19 to 25°C and 30 to 70% respectively. Any occasional deviations from these targets were considered not to have affected the purpose or integrity of the study. The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give twelve hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and twelve hours darkness.
The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
arachis oil
Details on oral exposure:
All animals were dosed once only by gavage using a metal cannula attached to a graduated syringe. The volume administered to each animal was calculated according to its fasted bodyweight at the time of dosing.


Doses:
Using available information on the toxicity of the test material, 2000 mg/kg was chosen as the starting dose.

Dose Level Concentration Dose Volume Number of Rats
(mg/kg) (mg/ml) (ml/kg) Female
2000 200 10 1


In the absence of toxicity at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg, an additional group of animals was treated as follows:
Dose Level Concentration Dose Volume Number of Rats
(mg/kg) (mg/ml) (ml/kg) Female
2000 200 10 4
No. of animals per sex per dose:
1 female at 2000 mg/kg
4 females at 2000 mg/kg
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
Clinical observations were made ½, 1, 2, and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for fourteen days. Morbidity and mortality checks were made twice daily.
Individual bodyweights were recorded on Day 0 (the day of dosing) and on Days 7 and 14.
At the end of the observation period the animals were killed by cervical dislocation. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. This consisted of an external examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were retained.
Preliminary study:
A sighting test at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg was performed.
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
other: 95% confidence limits not given in study report.
Mortality:
Individual clinical observations and mortality data are given in Table 1.
There were no deaths.
Clinical signs:
Individual clinical observations and mortality data are given in Table 1.
No signs of systemic toxicity were noted.
Body weight:
Individual bodyweights and bodyweight changes are given in Table 2.
All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight over the observation period.
Gross pathology:
Individual necropsy findings are given in Table 3.
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.
Other findings:
None

Table 1              Individual Clinical Observations and Mortality Data

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Effects Noted After Dosing
(Hours)

Effects Noted During Period After Dosing
(Days)

½

1

2

4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

2000

1-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-1

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-2

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-3

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0


0=     No signs of systemic toxicity

Table 2              Individual Bodyweights and Bodyweight Changes

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Bodyweight (g) at Day

Bodyweight Gain (g) During Week

0

7

14

1

2

2000

1-0 Female

178

190

199

12

9

2-0 Female

166

184

201

18

17

2-1 Female

161

174

189

13

15

2-2 Female

169

189

200

20

11

2-3 Female

173

202

221

29

19

 

Table 3              Individual Necropsy Findings

Dose Level
mg/kg

Animal Number
and Sex

Time of Death

Macroscopic Observations

2000

1-0 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-0 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-1 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-2 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

2-3 Female

Killed Day 14

No abnormalities detected

 



Interpretation of results:
Category 5 based on GHS criteria
Remarks:
Migrated information: EXAMPLE:The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test material in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight (Globally Harmonised Classification System - Category 5).
Conclusions:
The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight (Globally Harmonised Classification System - Unclassified).
Executive summary:

Introduction. 

The study was performed to assess the acute oral toxicity of the test item in the Wistar strain rat. The method was designed to be compatible with the following:

OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No 420 “Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method” (adopted17 December 2001)

Method B1bis Acute Toxicity (Oral) of Commission Regulation (EC) No. 440/2008

Method. 

Following a sighting test at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg, an additional four fasted female animals were given a single oral dose of test item, as asuspension in arachis oil BP, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs and bodyweight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Mortality. 

There were no deaths.

Clinical Observations. 

There were no signs of systemic toxicity.

Bodyweight. 

All animals showed expected gains in bodyweight.

Necropsy. 

No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Conclusion. 

The acute oral median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the female Wistar strain rat was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bodyweight (Globally Harmonised Classification System - Unclassified).

 

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
2 000 mg/kg bw
Quality of whole database:
High

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

This summary is based upon a single acute oral toxicity study on Diurea 8. The results from this study showed no evidence of acute toxicity up to the highest dose tested (2000 mg/kg in arachis oil BP).

There is no evidence of a relevant intrinsic acute oral toxicity requiring classification or substance specific Risk Management Measures.


Justification for selection of acute toxicity – oral endpoint
Only one limited study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

The oral LD50 value is greater than 2000 mg/kg bw, therefore, existing data supports justification for non-classification.