Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
This study was conducted between 18 October 2016 and 01 November 2016
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report Date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 434 (Acute Dermal Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid
Details on test material:
Identification: GL500
Test item (alternative names): LGflex GL500
GL500
GL520
CAS No: 1571954-81-8
Action of test item: Plasticizer
Appearance/Physical state: Clear colorless liquid
Batch: GLFG160607
Purity: 99.8%
Expiry date: 07 June 2017
Storage conditions: Room temperature in the dark
Specific details on test material used for the study:

Alternative names: GL500, GL520
Batch: GLFG160607
CAS number: 1571954-81-8
Purity: 99.8%
Physical state/Appearance: clear colorless liquid
Expiry Date: 07 June 2017
Storage Conditions: room temperature in the dark

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Remarks:
RccHan:WIST
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Five male and five female Wistar (RccHan:WIST) strain rats were supplied by Envigo RMS (UK) Limited, Oxon, UK. On receipt the animals were randomly allocated to cages. The females were nulliparous and non pregnant. After an acclimatization period of at least 5 days the animals were selected at random and given a number unique within the study by indelible ink marking on the tail and a number written on a cage card. At the start of the study the animals weighed at least 200 g, and were 8 to 12 weeks of age. The weight variation did not exceed ±20% of the mean weight for each sex.

Animal Care and Husbandry
The animals were housed in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. The animals were housed individually during the 24 Hour exposure period and in groups of five, by sex, for the remainder of the study. Free access to mains drinking water and food (2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Envigo RMS (UK) Limited, Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study. The diet, drinking water and bedding were routinely analyzed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that could reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.
The temperature and relative humidity were set to achieve limits of 19 to 25 C and 30 to 70% respectively. The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give 12 hours continuous light and 12 hours darkness.
The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
On the day before treatment the back and flanks of each animal were clipped free of hair.
Using available information on the toxicity of the test item, a single group of animals was treated as follows:
Dose Level
(mg/kg) Specific Gravity Dose Volume (mL/kg) Number of Rats
Male Female
2000 0.986 2.03 5 5
The calculated volume of test item, as received, was applied as evenly as possible to an area of shorn skin (approximately 10% of the total body surface area) using a graduated syringe. A piece of surgical gauze was placed over the treatment area and semi occluded with a piece of self adhesive bandage. The animals were caged individually for the 24 Hour exposure period. Shortly after dosing the dressings were examined to ensure that they were securely in place.
After the 24 Hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened with distilled water to remove any residual test item. The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.
Duration of exposure:
24 HOurs
Doses:
2000 mg/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
not required
Details on study design:
Study Design
On the day before treatment the back and flanks of each animal were clipped free of hair.
Using available information on the toxicity of the test item, a single group of animals was treated as follows:
Dose Level
(mg/kg) Specific Gravity Dose Volume (mL/kg) Number of Rats
Male Female
2000 0.986 2.03 5 5

The calculated volume of test item, as received, was applied as evenly as possible to an area of shorn skin (approximately 10% of the total body surface area) using a graduated syringe. A piece of surgical gauze was placed over the treatment area and semi occluded with a piece of self adhesive bandage. The animals were caged individually for the 24 Hour exposure period. Shortly after dosing the dressings were examined to ensure that they were securely in place.
After the 24 Hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened with distilled water to remove any residual test item. The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.

The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity 30 minutes, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for 14 days.
After removal of the dressings and subsequently once daily for 14 days, the test sites were examined for evidence of primary irritation and scored according to the following scale:

EVALUATION OF SKIN REACTIONS
Erythema and Eschar Formation Value
No erythema 0
Very slight erythema (barely perceptible) 1
Well-defined erythema 2
Moderate to severe erythema 3
Severe erythema (beef redness) to slight
eschar formation (injuries in depth) 4

Edema Formation
No edema 0
Very slight edema (barely perceptible) 1
Slight edema (edges of area well-defined by definite raising) 2
Moderate edema (raised approximately 1 millimeter) 3
Severe edema (raised more than 1 millimeter and extending beyond the area of exposure) 4

Any other skin reactions, if present were also recorded.
Individual body weights were recorded prior to application of the test item on Day 0 and on Days 7 and 14.
At the end of the study the animals were killed by cervical dislocation. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. This consisted of an external examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were retained.

Data Evaluation
Data evaluations included the relationship, if any, between the exposure of the animal to the test item and the incidence and severity of all abnormalities including behavioral and clinical observations, gross lesions, body weight changes, mortality and any other toxicological effects.
Using the mortality data obtained, an estimate of the acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item was made.
The results were also evaluated according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, relating to the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin irritation up to the relevant limit dose level
Mortality:
There were no deaths
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic toxicity were noted during the observation period
Body weight:
All animals showed expected gains in body weight over the observation period.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy
Other findings:
Very slight erythema was noted at the test sites of all males and three females 1 day after dosing.
There were no signs of dermal irritation noted at the test sites of two females.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.
The test item does not meet the criteria for classification according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, relating to the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals.
Executive summary:

The study was performed to assess the acute dermal toxicity of the test item in the Wistar strain rat.

Methods

A group of ten animals (five males and five females) was given a single, 24 hour, semi‑occluded dermal application of the undiluted test item to intact skin at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.

Results

Mortality. There were no deaths.

Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity.

Dermal Irritation. Very slight erythema was noted at the test sites of eight animals 1 day after dosing. No other signs of dermal irritation were noted.

Body Weight. All animals showed expected gains in body weight.

Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.

Conclusion

The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.

The test item does not meet the criteria for classification according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008, relating to the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures and theGlobally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals.