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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
comparable to guideline study
Justification for type of information:
Data is from experimental reports following standard procedures

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report Date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
To determine the dermal reaction profile of test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats.
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report):disodium 5-acetamido-4-hydroxy-3-(phenyldiazenyl)naphthalene-2,7-disulfonate
- Common Name: RED 2G [Acid Red 1]]
- Molecular formula :C18H13N308S2Na2
- Molecular weight :509.43 g/mol
- Substance type:Organic
- Physical state:Solid

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Sex: male and female
- Source: National Institute of Biosciences, Pune.
- Age at study initiation: Young adult male and female rats aged between 6 – 9 weeks were used.
- Weight at study initiation: The weight ranges of approximately 211.4 to 246.3 grams at initiation of dosing were used.
Body weights at the start :
Male
Mean : 240.62 g (= 100 %)
Minimum : 236.8 g (- 1.59 %)
Maximum : 246.3 g (+ 2.36 %)
Total No. of animals : 5
Female
Mean : 216.02 g (= 100 %)
Minimum : 211.4 g (- 2.14 %)
Maximum : 220.6 g (+ 2.12 %)
Total No. of animals : 5
- Housing: The rats were individually housed in polycarbonate cages with paddy husk as bedding.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Rodent feed supplied by the Nutrivet Life Sciences, Pune, was provided ad libitum from individual feeders.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Water was provided ad libitum from individual bottles attached to the cages. All water was from a local source and passed through the reverse osmosis membrane before use.
- Acclimation period: 5 days.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): Room temperature was maintained at 20.1 to 21.9 degree centigrade.
- Humidity (%): Room humidity was maintained at 55.5% to 59.2%.
- Air changes (per hr): The animal room was independently provided with at least ten to fifteen air changes per hour of 100% fresh air that had been passed through the HEPA filters.
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): An artificial light and dark cycle of 12 hours each was provided to the room.

IN-LIFE DATES: From: To: No data

Test system

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 2000 mg/kg bw
- Concentration (if solution): no

VEHICLE
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit):No data
- Concentration (if solution): No data
- Lot/batch no. (if required): No data
- Purity: No data

NEGATIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): No data
- Concentration (if solution): No data

POSITIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): No data
- Concentration (if solution): No data
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hrs.
Observation period:
14 days
Number of animals:
10 (5/sex).
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: Dorsal surface and sides from scapular to pelvic area.
- % coverage: Approximately 10% of the total body surface area.
- Type of wrap if used: Porous gauze dressing and non-irritating tape.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): Distilled water was used to remove residual test item.

OBSERVATION TIME POINTS
(Indicate if minutes, hours or days): Observations were conducted at 10, 30, 60 minutes, 2, 4 and 6 hours on the day of dosing and once daily thereafter for 14 day.

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize Method.

Results and discussion

In vivo

Results
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
animal: 1 - 10
Time point:
other: 0 - 14 d
Score:
0
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Overall result:
Sex : Male
Group I -
Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.

Sex : Female
Group I -
Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any skin reaction during the study period of 14 days.
Other effects:
Clinical Signs of Toxicity and Mortality
Sex : Male
Group I -
Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.

Sex : Female
Group I -
Animal treated at the dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight did not result in any signs of toxicity during the study period of 14 days. All animals survived through the study period of 14 days.

Body Weight
Sex : Male
Group I (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 8.65% and 18.38% respectively.

Sex : Female
Group I (2000 mg/kg) - Percent body weight gain after 7 days and 14 days was found to be 5.76% and 10.48% respectively.

Gross Pathological Findings
Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities in animals from 2000 mg/kg dose group.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table No. I

 

Summary of Evaluation of Dermal Reaction

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Male 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

I

2000

No dermal reaction observed

5

1 - 5

Day 0 - Day 14

0/5

 

 

Sex : Female

 

Group

 No.

Dose mg/kg

                          

Dermal Reaction

Total Number of

Animals

 

Animal Nos.

Period of signs in days

 From - to

 

Mortality

I

2000

No dermal reaction observed

5

6 - 10

Day 0 - Day 14

0/5

 

 

Table No. II

 

Individual Animal - Evaluation of Dermal Reaction

Test System : Sprague Dawley Rat

Sex : Male  

Group : I

Dose  : 2000 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

1

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

3

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

4

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

5

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Sex : Female  

Group : I

Dose  : 2000 mg/kg body weight

Animal

Dermal

D A Y S

No.

Reaction

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

6

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

7

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

9

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

10

Erythema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

 

Oedema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: Not irritating
Conclusions:
The overall irritation score of the substance was determined to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were observed at the end of 14 days after patch removal. Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was not-Irritating to the skin of rats under the experimental conditions tested .Thus it can be concluded that the test substance was non-Irritating to the skin of rats under the experimental conditions tested.
Executive summary:

A study was designed and conducted to determine the dermal reaction profile of test chemical in Sprague Dawley rats. The study was performed as per OECD Guidelines 402 and complying to the GLP procedures.

The test item was applied to shorn skin of 5 male and 5 female animals at 2000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg did not result in any skin reaction at the site of application during the study period of 14 days. Administration of the test item did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality during the study period of 14 days.   

Animals exhibited normal body weight gain through the study period of 14 days.Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities attributable to the treatment.

The overall irritation score of the substance was determined to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were observed at the end of 14 days after patch removal. Hence, it was concluded that the test chemical was not-Irritating to the skin of rats under the experimental conditions tested .Thus it can be concluded that the test  substance was non-Irritating to the skin of rats under the experimental conditions tested.