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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
August 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2016
Report Date:
2016

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
human
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Justification for test system used:
commercially available test method
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on test system:
RECONSTRUCTED HUMAN EPIDERMIS (RHE) TISSUE
- Model used: epiCS® (CellSystems, Troisdorf, Germany).
- Cat.-No: CS-1001

TEMPERATURE USED FOR TEST SYSTEM
- Temperature used during treatment / exposure: RT (room temperature)
- Temperature of post-treatment incubation (if applicable): Incubator temperature: 37 ± 2° C (CO2 gas concentration: 5 %; Humidity: maximum)

MTT DYE USED TO MEASURE TISSUE VIABILITY AFTER TREATMENT / EXPOSURE
- MTT concentration: 1mg/ml
- Incubation time: 3 hours
- Spectrophotometer: EL808, Bio-Tek
- Wavelength: 570 nm

NUMBER OF TESTING RUNS / EXPERIMENTS TO DERIVE FINAL PREDICTION: the optical density of the isopropanol-extracts of 3 insert was determined by duplicate per insert = 6 OD values.

PREDICTION MODEL / DECISION CRITERIA:

- The mean optical density (OD) values obtained with the test item were used to calculate the percentage of viability relative to the negative control, which is set at 100 %.
- according to UN GHS (Category 2 or Category 1) if the mean percent tissue viability after exposure and post treatment incubation is less than or equal (≤ ) to 50 %.

Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 30 mg (plus 30 µl 0.9% NaCl to moisten and ensure good contact with the epidermis surface)

NEGATIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): 30 µl
- Concentration (if solution): 0.9% NaCl in water

POSITIVE CONTROL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight): 30 µl
- Concentration (if solution): 5% SDS in physiological saline
Duration of treatment / exposure:
20 minutes
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
42 hours
Number of replicates:
three

Results and discussion

In vitro

Results
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Value:
110.21
Vehicle controls valid:
not applicable
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Other effects / acceptance of results:
- DEMONSTRATION OF TECHNICAL PROFICIENCY:

Reliability of the test was previously confirmed by interlaboratory validation

ACCEPTANCE OF RESULTS:
- Acceptance criteria met for negative control: Yes
- Acceptance criteria met for positive control: Yes
- Acceptance criteria met for variability between replicate measurements: Yes

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table 1: Tabular Summary of the results

Sample No.

Test item

OD mean#

StdDev

% Viability

1-3

Negative control NaCl 0.9 %

2.26

0.06

100.00

4-6

Positive control SDS 5 %

0.02

0.00

0.98

7 -9

Norethisteron, gesiebt (D)

2.50

0.13

110.21

# 6 values

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
other: negative
Executive summary:

A study was performed for the assessment of the skin irritancy of the test item with reconstructed human epidermis (RhE). The experiment was carried out using the commercially available test method epiCS®. The study was conducted in accordance with OECD TG 439 and EU Test Method B.46. The mean value of cell viability was recorded to be 110 %. The test item was thus shown to be not irritating to reconstructed human skin in vitro.