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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to soil macroorganisms except arthropods

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
toxicity to soil macroorganisms except arthropods: long-term
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2009-06-10 to 2009-08-06
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2009
Report Date:
2009

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 222 (Earthworm Reproduction Test (Eisenia fetida/Eisenia andrei))
Version / remarks:
DIN ISO 11268-2: 1998 (E), BBA Guideline (1994)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
Room temperature increased once to about 22.5 °C for four hours. The soil moisture of all test vessels deviated by more than 10 % of the initial value at the end of the test.
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
GLP according to German Chemikaliengesetz and Directive 88/320/EEC

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Sampling and analysis

Analytical monitoring:
no

Test substrate

Vehicle:
yes

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Eisenia fetida
Animal group:
annelids

Study design

Study type:
laboratory study
Substrate type:
artificial soil
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
56 d
Remarks:
Removement of adults after 28 days

Test conditions

Test temperature:
18 - 22.5 deg C
pH:
Application rate
[mg test item/kg soil DW] pH-value
day 0 day 56
Control 5.42 6.13
Solv. Control 5.40 6.40
62.5 5.39 6.18
125 5.39 6.30
250 5.40 6.33
500 5.38 6.07
1000 5.42 6.14
Moisture:
Application rate
[mg test item/kg soil DW] Moisture [%] of dry weight

day 0 day 56
Control 35.6 42.5*
Solv. Control 35.1 45.8*
62.5 34.8 46.7*
125 35.5 46.8*
250 34.9 44.6*
500 35.2 45.2*
1000 34.6 44.6*

*Variation of the water content > 10 %, this deviation is considered to have no impact on the study
Nominal and measured concentrations:
Nominal application rates: 62.5 - 125 - 250 - 500 - 1000 mg test substance/kg soil dry weight (DW)
Reference substance (positive control):
yes
Remarks:
1.0 - 2.5 - 5.0 mg Carbendazim/ kg soil DW

Results and discussion

Effect concentrations
Duration:
56 d
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect conc.:
1 000 mg/kg soil dw
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
reproduction
Remarks:
reduction of body weight, mortality of adult earthworms
Reported statistics and error estimates:
Differences between the control and the solvent control were statistically analysed using t-tests. No statistical differences occurred between the controls concerning biomass and reproduction. Thus, both controls were pooled for further statistical analyses.
One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was carried out for the determination of statistically significant differences compared to
the control. A Normality Test and an Equal Variance Test were conducted prior to running the ANOVA. P-values for both Normality and Equal Variance Test are 0.05. The a-value for ANOVA test (acceptable probability of incorrectly concluding that there is a difference) is a = 0.05.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes