Registration Dossier

Manufacture, use & exposure

Consumer Uses

Documentsopen allclose all

Consumer uses

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Product category (PC):
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release (ERC 8f)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release (PC 1)
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release (PC 9a)
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release (PC 32)
Product category (PC):
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR
ContribScenEnvirConsumerRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to consumer activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Other conditions affecting environmental exposure

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

RelWasteEnvirRep2open allclose all
Release from the site to::
wastewater
Release estimation method:
estimated release factor
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
ERC
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
ERC

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
air
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
top predators' prey (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (terrestrial)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Exposure of humans via the environment

Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to consumer activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Other conditions affecting environmental exposure

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

RelWasteEnvirRep2open allclose all
Release from the site to::
wastewater
Release estimation method:
estimated release factor
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
ERC
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
ERC

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
air
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
top predators' prey (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
predators' prey (terrestrial)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Exposure of humans via the environment

Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
ContribScenConsumersRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Other conditions affecting consumers exposure

OtherConditionsAffectingConsExpRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.021 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.057 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
oral (external) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Linked contributing activity:
f98e1668-7fe7-4666-b054-5f5e051ff1c6

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Other conditions affecting consumers exposure

OtherConditionsAffectingConsExpRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.021 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.057 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
oral (external) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Linked contributing activity:
2332dbcd-dc0b-4a3a-820c-2c51229f219a

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Other conditions affecting consumers exposure

OtherConditionsAffectingConsExpRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.104 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.066 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
oral (external) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Linked contributing activity:
aeb94d5f-4038-4213-bafa-3f38f4d91c00

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Other conditions affecting consumers exposure

OtherConditionsAffectingConsExpRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.104 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.066 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0
Type of exposure:
oral (external) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: EasyTRA
Version of exposure estimation tool:
4.2.0

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive indoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8c: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (indoor)
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive outdoor use of long-life articles and materials with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Adhesives, Sealants
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Name of activity / technique:
Coatings and Paints, thinners, paint removers
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR
ContribScenEnvirConsumerRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to consumer activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Other conditions

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

RelWasteEnvirRep2open allclose all
Release from the site to::
surface water
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES

Contributing scenario for the environment (related to consumer activities)

Conditions of use for the environment

Amounts used, frequency and duration of use (or from service life)

Other conditions

Conditions and measures related to external treatment of waste (including article waste)

Releases to waste and the environment

Release to the environment

RelWasteEnvirRep2open allclose all
Release from the site to::
surface water
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f
Release from the site to::
ambient air
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f
Release from the site to::
non-agricultural soil
Release estimation method:
ERC
Remarks:
ERC-8f

Exposure of the environment

PECopen allclose all
Exposed compartment:
freshwater
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (freshwater)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
marine water
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sediment (marine water)
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
sewage treatment plant
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
Exposed compartment:
agricultural soil
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
EUSES
ContribScenConsumersRepopen allclose all

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.018 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.42 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA Consumers 2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
oral (internal) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.018 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.42 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA Consumers 2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
oral (internal) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Other conditions affecting consumers exposure

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.002 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
Consexpo
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.005 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
Consexpo
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
oral (internal) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0.003 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
Consexpo

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Linked contributing activity:
fc8adcb9-92ce-48a4-ae5f-06bc284c87ec

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.018 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.42 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA Consumers 2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
oral (internal) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0

Contributing scenario for the consumers

Linked contributing activity:
7d56dea3-0258-4192-b833-c0b65733f1fa

Product (article) characteristics

OtherProductCharacteristicsRepopen allclose all

Amounts used (or contained in articles), frequency and duration of use/exposure

ConditionsOfUseRepopen allclose all

Exposure of consumers

ExposureEstimationopen allclose all
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.018 mg/m³
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0
Type of exposure:
inhalation (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
inhalation (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) long-term exposure
Exposure estimate:
0.42 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA Consumers 2.0
Type of exposure:
dermal (internal) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) long-term exposure
Type of exposure:
dermal (external) short-term exposure
Type of exposure:
oral (internal) long-term intake
Exposure estimate:
0 mg/kg bw/day
Exposure estimation method:
exposure estimation tool
Exposure estimation tool name:
other: ECETOC TRA consumers v3.0

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Adhesives, sealants
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Name of activity / technique:
Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR

Consumer uses

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no
Related assessment:
use assessed in an own CSR

Consumer uses

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Product category (PC):
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
yes

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release
Product category (PC):
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Name of activity / technique:
Wide dispersive Outdoor Use of long-life articles and materials with low release
Product category (PC):
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Consumer uses

Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC8f: Widespread use leading to inclusion into/onto article (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no

Consumer uses

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9b: Widespread use of functional fluid (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Product category (PC):
PC 1: Adhesives, sealants
PC 9a: Coatings and paints, thinners, paint removes
PC 32: Polymer preparations and compounds
Substance supplied to this use in the form of:
as such
in a mixture
Subsequent service life relevant to this use:
no