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Administrative data

Description of key information

The test substance was found to be not irritating or corrosive to the skin and the eye.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
25 November 1986 to 28 November 1986
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.4 (Acute Toxicity: Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source and lot/batch number of test material: Op. 1/86; Vers. 10/86
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: October, 1991

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Stability under storage conditions: stable for at least 2 hours
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Kleintierfarm Madoerin AG, CH 4414 Fuellinsdorf / Switzerland
- Age at study initiation: 13 - 14 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.3 - 2.4 kg
- Housing: Individually in stainless steel cages equipped with an automatic cleaning and drinking system (Dipl. Ing. W. Ehret GmbH, Versuchstiertechnik, D-7830 Emmendingen / FRG).
- Diet: Pelleted standard Kliba 341, Batch 21/86 rabbit maintenance diet ("Kliba", Klingentalmuehle AG, 4303 Kaiseraugst, Switzerland) ad libitum.
- Water: Community tap water from Itingen, ad libitum.
- Acclimation period: Four days under test conditions after veterinary examination.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20±3
- Humidity (%): 40-70
- Air changes (per hr): 10-15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
water
Remarks:
The test article was applied moistened with tap water.
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
0.5 g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 h
Observation period:
up to 72 hours
Number of animals:
3 (2 males and 1 female)
Details on study design:
Approximately 24 hours before treatment, the dorsal fur was shaved with an electric clipper, exposing an area of approximately 100 square centimeters (10 cm x 10 cm). On test day 1, 0.5 g of the test article was applied to the intact skin of the shaved area. It was covered with a 3.0 cm x 3.0 cm patch of surgical gauze. The gauze was covered with a semi-occlusive dressing. The dressing was wrapped around the abdomen and anchored with an elastic bandage. Four hours after the application, the dressing was removed and the skin was flushed with lukewarm tap water. The skin reaction was assessed at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours intervals after the removal of the dressing, gauze patch and test article.
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Irritation: FAT 40224/C showed a primary irritation score (24, 48, 72 hours) of 0.0 when applied to intact rabbit skin. Local signs (mean 1 hour to 72 hours) consisted of grade 0.0 erythema and grade 0.0 edema.
Corrosion: No destructions or irreversible alterations of the treated skin were observed. No corrosive effect was evident on the skin.
Other effects:
Coloration: In the area of application an orange staining of the treated skin by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed.
Body Weights: The body weight gain of all rabbits was similar.
Toxic symptoms / mortality: No acute toxic symptoms were observed in the animals during the test period, and no mortality occurred.
Necropsy: Due to the results obtained, no macroscopic organ examination was indicated.
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
FAT 40224/C was found to be not irritating or corrosive to rabbit skin.
Executive summary:

In a GLP-compliant skin irritation study, performed according to OECD guideline 404, FAT 40224/C (moistened, 0.5g) was applied, semi-occlusive, to the skin of three New Zealand White rabbits for 4 hours. After 4 hours, the treated skin was flushed with water and observations were made for an additional 72 hours. The test substance showed a primary irritation score (24,48,72 hours) of 0.0 and local signs (mean 1 hour to 72 hours) consisted of grade 0.00 erythema and grade 0.0 edema. In the area of application, an orange staining of the treated skin by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. No corrosive effect was evident on the skin. Under the conditions of this experiment, the test substance was found to be not irritating or corrosive to rabbit skin.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
25 November 1986 to 28 November 1986
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.5 (Acute Toxicity: Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
yes
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source and lot/batch number of test material: Op. 1/86; Vers. 10/86
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: October, 1991

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Stability under storage conditions: Stable
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Kleintierfarm Madoerin AG, CH 4414 Fuellinsdorf / Switzerland
- Age at study initiation: 13 - 14 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 1.7 - 2.4 kg
- Housing: Individually in stainless steel cages equipped with an automatic cleaning and drinking system (Dipl. Ing. W. Ehret GmbH, Versuchstiertechnik, D 7830 Emmendingen / FRG).
- Diet: Pelleted standard Kliba 341, Batch 21/86 rabbit maintenance diet ("Kliba", Klingentalmuehle AG, 4303 Kaiseraugst, Switzerland) ad libitum.
- Water: Community tap water from Itingen, ad libitum.
- Acclimation period: Four days under laboratory conditions after veterinary examination.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20±3
- Humidity (%): 40-70
- Air changes (per hr): 10-15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light):12/12
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1g
Duration of treatment / exposure:
72 h
Observation period (in vivo):
up to 72 h
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 (2 males and 1 female)
Details on study design:
The eyes of the animals were observed 24 hours prior to test article administration. The test article (0.1 g per animal) was placed in the conjunctival sac of the left eye of each animal after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The lids were then gently held together for about one second to prevent loss of the test article. The right eye remained untreated and served as the reference control. The eyes of each animal were examined 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after administration. The irritation was assessed and the corrosive properties of the test article and the color of the treated eye were described and recorded.
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Remarks:
Redness
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
3
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Remarks:
3 animal
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Irritation: FAT 40224/C showed a primary irritation score of 0.0 when applied to the rabbit eye mucosa.
Corrosion: No corrosion of the cornea was observed at any of the measuring intervals.
Other effects:
Toxic symptoms/ mortality: No acute toxic symptoms were observed in the animals during the test period, and no mortality occurred.
Coloration: In the area of application a red to yellow staining of the cornea, conjunctivae, sclera and lid hairs by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed.
Body weights: The body weight gain of all rabbits was similar.
Necropsy: Due to the results obtained, no macroscopic organ examination was indicated.
Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
FAT 40224/C was found to be not irritating or corrosive.
Executive summary:

In a GLP-compliant eye irritation study, performed according to OECD guideline 405, the test substance (0.1 g) was placed in the conjunctival sac of the left eye of three New Zealand White rabbits. The eyes were examined for 72 hours. No acute toxic symptoms were observed in the animals during the test period, and no mortality occurred. In the area of application a red to yellow staining of the cornea, conjunctivae, sclera and lid hairs by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. The body weight gain of all rabbits was similar. Due to the results obtained, no macroscopic organ examination was indicated. The test substance showed a primary irritation score of 0.0 when applied to the rabbit eye mucosa. A red to yellow staining of the cornea, conjunctivae, sclera and lid hairs of the treated eyes by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. Cornea, iris, conjunctivae and chemosis scores were 0.0 during the whole observation period. No corrosion was observed at any of the measuring intervals. Under the conditions of this experiment, the test substance was found to be not irritating or corrosive.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation:


In a GLP compliant skin irritation study, performed according to OECD guideline 404, FAT 40224/C (moistened, 0.5g) was applied, semi-occlusive, to the skin of three New Zealand White rabbits for 4 hours. After 4 hours, the treated skin was flushed with water and observations were made for an additional 72 hours. The test substance showed a primary Irritation score (24, 48, 72 hours) of 0.00 and local signs (mean 1 hour to 72 hours) consisted of grade 0.0 erythema and grade 0.0 edema. In the area of application, an orange staining of the treated skin by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. No corrosive effect was evident on the skin. Under the conditions of this experiment, the test substance was found to be not irritating or corrosive to rabbit skin.


 


Eye irritation:


In a GLP-compliant eye irritation study, performed according to OECD guideline 405, the test substance (0.1 g) was placed in the conjunctival sac of the left eye of three New Zealand White rabbits. The eyes were examined for 72 hours. No acute toxic symptoms were observed in the animals during the test period, and no mortality occurred. In the area of application a red to yellow staining of the cornea, conjunctivae, sclera and lid hairs by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. The body weight gain of all rabbits was similar. Due to the results obtained, no macroscopic organ examination was indicated. The test substance showed a primary irritation score of 0.0 when applied to the rabbit eye mucosa. A red to yellow staining of the cornea, conjunctivae, sclera and lid hairs of the treated eyes by pigment or coloring of the test article was observed. Cornea, iris, conjunctivae and chemosis scores were 0.0 during the whole observation period. No corrosion was observed at any of the measuring intervals. Under the conditions of this experiment, the test substance was found to be not irritating or corrosive.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the findings in the skin and eye irritation study, the test substance does not need to be classified according to the EU Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP) Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008.