Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
6.3 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
157.8 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
No route-to-route extrapolation is required.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for inhalation route
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default AF for workers
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3.15 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for local effects
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default AF for workers
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.895 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
89.5 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
NOAELcorr = NOAECInhalatory*0.38 m³/kg bw/day*(ABSinhal-rat/ABSdermal-human*(6 h/8 h) = 314 mg/m³*0.38 m³/kg bw/day*(1/1)*0.75= 89.5 mg/kg bw/day. It is assumed that the inhalatory absorption rate is 100% of that of the dermal absorption. ABSinhal-rat = inhalatory absorption rate in rats, ABSdermal-human = dermal absorption rate in humans.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default AF for rats
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
Default AF for workers.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.6 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
78.5 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
No route-to-route extrapolation is required.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for inhalation route
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.78 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
AF not used for local effects
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.45 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
90.3 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
NOAELcorr = NOAECInhalatory*1.15 m³/kg bw/day*(ABSinhal-rat/ABSdermal-human*(6 h/24 h) = 314 mg/m³*1.15 m³/kg bw/day*(1/1)*0.25 = 90.3 mg/kg bw/day. It is assumed that the inhalatory absorption rate is 100% of that of the dermal absorption. ABSinhal-rat = inhalatory absorption rate in rats, ABSdermal-human = dermal absorption rate in humans.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default AF for rats
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.45 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
By inhalation
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
90.3 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
NOAELcorr = NOAECInhalatory*1.15 m³/kg bw/day*(ABSinhal-rat/ABSoral-human*(6 h/24 h) = 314 mg/m³*1.15 m³/kg bw/day*(1/1)*0.25 = 90.3 mg/kg bw/day. It is assumed that the inhalatory absorption rate is 100% of that of the oral absorption. ABSinhal-rat = inhalatory absorption rate in rats, ABSoral-human = oral absorption rate in humans.
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
DNEL is based on a NOAEC
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
DNEL is based on a 90-day study
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Default AF for rats
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default AF
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
Default AF for general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The selected study is the most adequate and reliable study.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
No remaining uncertainties
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
low hazard (no threshold derived)
Most sensitive endpoint:
acute toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Additional information - General Population