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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

4.1 Description of first aid measures
General advice: First Aid responders should pay attention to self-protection and use the recommended protective clothing (chemical resistant gloves, splash protection).
Inhalation: Move person to fresh air; if effects occur, consult a physician.
Skin Contact: Wash skin with plenty of water.
Eye Contact: Flush eyes thoroughly with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses after the initial 1-2 minutes and continue flushing for several additional minutes. If effects occur, consult a physician, preferably an ophthalmologist.
Ingestion: No emergency medical treatment necessary.

4.2 Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Aside from the information found under Description of first aid measures (above) and Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed (below), no additional symptoms and effects are anticipated.

4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
No specific antidote. Treatment of exposure should be directed at the control of symptoms and the clinical condition of the patient.
Skin contact may aggravate preexisting dermatitis.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1 Extinguishing Media
Water fog or fine spray. Dry chemical fire extinguishers. Carbon dioxide fire extinguishers. Foam. General purpose synthetic foams (including AFFF type) or protein foams are preferred if available. Alcohol resistant foams (ATC type) may function.
Extinguishing Media to Avoid: Do not use direct water stream. Straight or direct water streams may not be effective to extinguish fire.

5.2 Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
Hazardous Combustion Products: During a fire, smoke may contain the original material in addition to combustion products of varying composition which may be toxic and/or irritating. Combustion products may include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Violent steam generation or eruption may occur upon application of direct water stream to hot liquids. Electrically ground and bond all equipment. Flammable mixtures of this product are readily ignited even by static discharge. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur. Flammable mixtures may exist within the vapor space of containers at room temperature. Flammable concentrations of vapor can accumulate at temperatures above flash point.

5.3 Advice for firefighters
Fire Fighting Procedures: Keep people away. Isolate fire and deny unnecessary entry. Stay upwind. Keep out of low areas where gases (fumes) can accumulate. Water may not be effective in extinguishing fire. Use water spray to cool fire exposed containers and fire affected zone until fire is out and danger of reignition has passed. Do not use direct water stream. May spread fire. Eliminate ignition sources. Move container from fire area if this is possible without hazard. Burning liquids may be moved by flushing with water to protect personnel and minimize property damage. Avoid accumulation of water. Product may be carried across water surface spreading fire or contacting an ignition source.
Special Protective Equipment for Firefighters: Wear positive-pressure self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) and protective fire fighting clothing (includes fire fighting helmet, coat, trousers, boots, and gloves). Avoid contact with this material during fire fighting operations. If contact is likely, change to full chemical resistant fire fighting clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus. If this is not available, wear full chemical resistant clothing with self-contained breathing apparatus and fight fire from a remote location.

Accidental release measures

6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures: Isolate area. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering the area. Keep personnel out of low areas. No smoking in area. Eliminate all sources of ignition in vicinity of spill or released vapor to avoid fire or explosion. Vapor explosion hazard. Keep out of sewers. For large spills, warn public of downwind explosion hazard. Check area with combustible gas detector before reentering area. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment. Use appropriate safety equipment.

6.2 Environmental precautions: Prevent from entering into soil, ditches, sewers, waterways and/or groundwater. Material will float on water.

6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up: Contain spilled material if possible. Collect in suitable and properly labeled containers. Ground and bond all containers and handling equipment. Use non-sparking tools in cleanup operations. Large spills: Pump with explosion-proof equipment. If available, use foam to smother or suppress.

Handling and storage

7.1 Precautions for safe handling
Handling
General Handling: Keep container closed. Avoid contact with skin and clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. Never use air pressure for transferring product. No smoking, open flames or sources of ignition in handling and storage area. Vapors are heavier than air and may travel a long distance and accumulate in low lying areas. Ignition and/or flash back may occur. Electrically bond and ground all containers and equipment before transfer or use of material. Containers, even those that have been emptied, can contain vapors. Do not cut, drill, grind, weld, or perform similar operations on or near empty containers. Use of non-sparking or explosion-proof equipment may be necessary, depending upon the type of operation. This product is a poor conductor of electricity and can become electrostatically charged, even in bonded or grounded equipment. If sufficient charge is accumulated, ignition of flammable mixtures can occur. Handling operations that can promote accumulation of static charges include but are not limited to mixing, filtering, pumping at high flow rates, splash filling, creating mists or sprays, tank and container filling, tank cleaning, sampling, gauging, switch loading, vacuum truck operations. Keep away from heat, sparks and flame.

7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Storage: Flammable mixtures may exist within the vapor space of containers at room temperature. Keep container closed. Minimize sources of ignition, such as static build-up, heat, spark or flame.


Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN1993
Proper shipping name and description:
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S.
Chemical name:
Pentyl propionate
Language:
English
Class:
3
Classification code:
Classification: F1
Hazard identification No: 30
Packaging group:
PG III
Labels:
Label 3 (Flammable LIquid)
Special Provisions:
Special Provisions: Special provision 640E

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
UN1993
Proper shipping name and description:
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S. (Pentyl propionate)
Chemical name:
Pentyl propionate
Language:
English
Class:
3
Classification code:
F1
Packaging group:
PG III
Labels:
Label 3 (Flammable LIquid)
Remarks
Special Provisions: Special provision 640E

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
UN1993
Proper shipping name and description:
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S. (Pentyl propionate)
Chemical name:
Pentyl propionate
Class:
3
Packaging group:
PG III
EmS code:
F-E,S-E
Labels:
Label 3 (Flammable LIquid)
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
UN1993
Proper shipping name and description:
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, N.O.S. (Pentyl propionate)
Chemical name:
Pentyl propionate
Class:
3
Packaging group:
PG III
Labels:
Label 3 (Flammable LIquid)
Remarks
Cargo Packing Instruction: 366
Passenger Packing Instruction: 355
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

8.1 Control parameters
Exposure Limits: None established

8.2 Exposure controls
Personal Protection
Eye/Face Protection: Use safety glasses (with side shields). Safety glasses (with side shields) should be consistent with EN 166 or equivalent.
Skin Protection: Wear clean, body-covering clothing.
Hand protection: Use gloves chemically resistant to this material when prolonged or frequently repeated contact could occur. Use chemical resistant gloves classified under Standard EN374: Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms. Examples of preferred glove barrier materials include: Chlorinated polyethylene. Neoprene. Polyethylene. Ethyl vinyl alcohol laminate (“EVAL”). Polyvinyl chloride (“PVC” or “vinyl”). Viton. Examples of acceptable glove barrier materials include: Butyl rubber. Natural rubber (“latex”). Nitrile/butadiene rubber (“nitrile” or “NBR”). Polyvinyl alcohol (“PVA”). When prolonged or frequently repeated contact may occur, a glove with a protection class of 4 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 120 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. When only brief contact is expected, a glove with a protection class of 1 or higher (breakthrough time greater than 10 minutes according to EN 374) is recommended. NOTICE: The selection of a specific glove for a particular application and duration of use in a workplace should also take into account all relevant workplace factors such as, but not limited to: Other chemicals which may be handled, physical requirements (cut/puncture protection, dexterity, thermal protection), potential body reactions to glove materials, as well as the instructions/specifications provided by the glove supplier.
Respiratory Protection: Under intended handling conditions, no respiratory protection should be needed.
Ingestion: Use good personal hygiene. Do not consume or store food in the work area. Wash hands before smoking or eating.

Engineering Controls
Ventilation: Use local exhaust ventilation, or other engineering controls to maintain airborne levels below exposure limit requirements or guidelines. If there are no applicable exposure limit requirements or guidelines, general ventilation should be sufficient for most operations. Local exhaust ventilation may be necessary for some operations

Stability and reactivity

10.1 Reactivity
No dangerous reaction known under conditions of normal use.

10.2 Chemical stability
Thermally stable at recommended temperatures and pressures.

10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions
Polymerization will not occur.

10.4 Conditions to Avoid: Exposure to elevated temperatures can cause product to decompose. Avoid static discharge.

10.5 Incompatible Materials: Avoid contact with: Strong oxidizers. Strong acids. Strong bases.

10.6 Hazardous decomposition products
Decomposition products depend upon temperature, air supply and the presence of other materials. Decomposition products can include and are not limited to: Carbon monoxide. Carbon dioxide.

Disposal considerations

13.1 Waste treatment methods
This product, when being disposed of in its unused and uncontaminated state should be treated as a hazardous waste according to EC Directive 2008/98/EC. Any disposal practices must be in compliance with all national and provincial laws and any municipal or local by-laws governing hazardous waste. For used, contaminated and residual materials additional evaluations may be required. Do not dump into any sewers, on the ground, or into any body of water.