Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2016-12-15 to 2017-01-04
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report Date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 tris (Acute Oral Toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1100 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid: viscous
Details on test material:
- Physical state: Viscous liquid
- Appearance: Yellow to orange, clear liquid
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Batch No.of test material: I16HB3197
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 08 May 2017 (retest date)
- Purity correction factor: 1

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Storage condition of test material: Room Temperature
- Solubility and stability of the test substance in the solvent/vehicle: The test item was dosed undiluted as delivered by the Sponsor

TREATMENT OF TEST MATERIAL PRIOR TO TESTING
- Treatment of test material prior to testing: Test preparation material was kept at room temperature no more than 4 hours before animals were dosed.





Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Strain: Wistar strain Crl:WI (Han) (outbred, SPF-Quality)
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: approximately 8-9 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 149 - 173 grams
- Fasting period before study: animals were deprived of food overnight prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test item. Water was available ad libitum.
- Housing: group housing of 3 animals per cage in labeled Makrolon cages (MIV type; height 18 cm) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Lignocel S 8-15, JRS - J.Rettenmaier & Söhne GmbH + CO. KG, Rosenberg, Germany) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, free access to pelleted rodent diet
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, free access to tap water.
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions.


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18-24 °C
- Humidity (%): 40-70%
- Air changes (per hr): at least 10
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 10 ml/kg

DOSAGE PREPARATION:
- Test substance was kept at room temperature and dosed within 4 hours.
- Adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle. No correction was made for purity of the test item as the correction factor is 1.
- Test item was stirred on a magnetic stirrer during dosing.

Doses:
2000 mg/kg (single dosage)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
3 females per dose
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days (until day 15)
- Frequency of observations and weighing:
mortality/viability: twice daily
body weights: days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15
clinical signs: at periodic intervals on the day of dosing (day 1) and once daily thereafter, until day 15. The signs were graded according to fixed scales and the time of onset, degree and duration were recorded: maximum grade 4: grading slight (1) to very severe (4); maximum grade 3: grading slight (1) to severe (3); maximum grade 1: presence is scored (1).
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes, at the end of the observation period, all animals were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure and subjected to necropsy. Descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded.
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
One animal was found dead on Day 2.
Number of dead animals in each test group with 3 animals each:
Females 2000 mg/kg: 0
Females 2000 mg/kg: 1
Clinical signs:
Lethargy, flat and hunched posture, shallow respiration, pale, ptosis, uncoordinated movements and/or piloerection were noted for all animals between Days 1 and 3.
Body weight:
The mean body weight gain shown by the surviving animals over the study period was considered to be similar to that expected for normal untreated animals of the same age and strain.
Gross pathology:
Several reddish, foci of the thymus were found in the animal found dead during the study. No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of all animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 5 based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
The oral LD50 value of T001591 in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight. According to OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to be 2500 mg/kg body weight.

Based on these results, according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2015) (including all amendments), T001591 should be classified as: may be harmful if swallowed (Category 5) for acute toxicity by the oral route.

Based on these results, according to the Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packing of substances and mixtures (including all amendments), T001591 does not have to classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for oral toxicity.