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Key value for chemical safety assessment

Effects on fertility

Description of key information

NOAEL was estimated to be 1433 mg/kg bw when rats were orally exposed with 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt.     

Thus, as per criteria of CLP regulation, 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt can be not classified for reproductive toxicity.   

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
toxicity to reproduction
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and the supporting QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 422 (Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
not specified
Route of administration:
oral: feed
Type of inhalation exposure (if applicable):
not specified
Remarks on MMAD:
not specified
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on exposure:
not specified
Details on mating procedure:
not specified
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
not specified
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Two weeks before mating and during the mating period
- after successful mating, treatment of the females will be continued until day 4 post partum and subsequent sacrifice
Frequency of treatment:
Daily
Details on study schedule:
not specified
Dose / conc.:
1 433 mg/kg bw/day
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10 male and 10 female
Control animals:
yes, plain diet
Details on study design:
not specified
Positive control:
not specified
Parental animals: Observations and examinations:
not specified
Oestrous cyclicity (parental animals):
not specified
Sperm parameters (parental animals):
not specified
Litter observations:
not specified
Postmortem examinations (parental animals):
not specified
Postmortem examinations (offspring):
not specified
Statistics:
not specified
Reproductive indices:
not specified
Offspring viability indices:
not specified
Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not specified
Mortality:
not specified
Body weight and weight changes:
not specified
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
not specified
Food efficiency:
not specified
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not specified
Haematological findings:
not specified
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not specified
Urinalysis findings:
not specified
Behaviour (functional findings):
not specified
Immunological findings:
not specified
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not specified
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
not specified
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
not specified
Other effects:
not specified
Reproductive function: oestrous cycle:
not specified
Reproductive performance:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
1 433 mg/kg bw/day
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
reproductive performance
Remarks on result:
other: No effect observed
Critical effects observed:
not specified
System:
other: not specified
Organ:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified
Clinical signs:
not specified
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not specified
Mortality / viability:
no mortality observed
Body weight and weight changes:
not specified
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
not specified
Food efficiency:
not specified
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not specified
Ophthalmological findings:
not specified
Haematological findings:
not specified
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not specified
Urinalysis findings:
not specified
Sexual maturation:
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not examined
Gross pathological findings:
not examined
Histopathological findings:
not examined
Other effects:
not specified
Behaviour (functional findings):
not specified
Developmental immunotoxicity:
not specified
Dose descriptor:
other: not specified
Generation:
other: not specified
Based on:
not specified
Sex:
not specified
Basis for effect level:
other: not specified
Remarks on result:
other: not specified
Critical effects observed:
not specified
System:
other: not specified
Organ:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified
Reproductive effects observed:
not specified
Treatment related:
not specified
Relation to other toxic effects:
not specified
Dose response relationship:
not specified
Relevant for humans:
not specified

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: NOAEL
Estimation method: Takes average value from the 7 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" )  and ("e" and ( not "f") )  )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and "m" )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and "p" )  and "q" )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and ("t" and ( not "u") )  )  and "v" )  and ("w" and "x" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Amine OR Aromatic compound OR Azo compound OR Hydroxy compound OR Phenol OR Secondary amine OR Secondary aromatic amine OR Sulfonic acid OR Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] OR Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] OR Aromatic Carbon [C] OR Azo [-N=N-] OR Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] OR Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] OR Magnesium [Mg] OR Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) OR Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] OR No functional group found OR Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] OR Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] OR Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} OR Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] OR Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Azo OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR No functional group found OR Overlapping groups OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups (nested) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amine OR Aryl OR Azo OR Fused carbocyclic aromatic OR Naphtalene OR Phenol OR Sulfonic acid by Organic Functional groups ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation OR AN2 >> Carbamoylation after isocyanate formation >> N-Hydroxylamines OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> N-Hydroxylamines OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> N-Hydroxylamines by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 AND Non binder, non cyclic structure by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Moderate binder, NH2 group OR Moderate binder, OH grooup OR Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, NH2 group OR Strong binder, OH group OR Weak binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkali Earth AND Alkaline Earth AND Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens OR Metalloids OR Metals OR Transition Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Amine AND Aromatic compound AND Azo compound AND Hydroxy compound AND No functional group found AND Phenol AND Secondary amine AND Secondary aromatic amine AND Sulfonic acid AND Sulfonic acid derivative by Organic functional groups, Norbert Haider (checkmol) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Perhexiline (Hepatotoxicity) Alert by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] AND Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] AND Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Azo [-N=N-] AND Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] AND Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] AND Magnesium [Mg] AND Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) AND Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] AND No functional group found AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] AND Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] AND Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} AND Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] AND Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alcohol, olefinic attach [-OH] AND Aliphatic Nitrogen, one aromatic attach [-N] AND Aliphatic Nitrogen, two aromatic attach [-N-] AND Aromatic Carbon [C] AND Azo [-N=N-] AND Hydroxy, aromatic attach [-OH] AND Hydroxy, sulfur attach [-OH] AND Magnesium [Mg] AND Miscellaneous sulfide (=S) or oxide (=O) AND Nitrogen, two or tree olefinic attach [>N-] AND No functional group found AND Olefinic carbon [=CH- or =C<] AND Oxygen, one aromatic attach [-O-] AND Suflur {v+4} or {v+6} AND Sulfinic acid [-S(=O)OH] AND Sulfonate, aromatic attach [-SO2-O] by Organic functional groups (US EPA) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND Exclusion rules not met AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 120 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 50 C AND Group CNS Molecular Weight > 620 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group C Vapour Pressure < 0.0001 Pa by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND Exclusion rules not met AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 120 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 50 C AND Group CNS Molecular Weight > 620 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group All log Kow > 9 by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Moderate AND Very fast by Bioaccumulation - metabolism half-lives ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 0.774

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 6.74

Conclusions:
NOAEL was estimated to be 1433 mg/kg bw when rats were orally exposed with 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2018) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the reproductive toxicity was estimated for 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt. The NOAEL was estimated to be 1433 mg/kg bw when rats were orally exposed with 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt.     

Effect on fertility: via oral route
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
1 433 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:
subchronic
Species:
rat
Quality of whole database:
Data is Klimisch 2 and from OECD QSAR toolbox
Effect on fertility: via inhalation route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Effect on fertility: via dermal route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Additional information

Reproductive toxicity:

In different studies, 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt has been investigated for reproductive toxicity to a greater or lesser extent. Often are the studies based on in vivo experiments and estimated data in rodents, i.e. most commonly in rats for 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt along with the study available on structurally similar read across substance Black PN (CAS no 2519-30-4) and D&C Red 33 (CAS no 3567-66-6). The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental studies.  

In a prediction done by SSS (2018) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the reproductive toxicity was estimated for 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt. The NOAEL was estimated to be 1433 mg/kg bw when rats were orally exposed with 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt.     

In a experimental study conducted by Gauntet al(Food and Cosmetics Toxicology Volume 5, 1967, Pages 171-177) on structurally similar read across substance Black PN (CAS no 2519-30-4), male and female rats were treated with Black PN in the concentration of 0, 150, 500, 1000 mg/kg/day oral in diet for 90 days. No significant changes were observed at any dose level in both treated male and female rats compare to control. Significant growth retardation was observed in males at the 1000mg/kg/day level and it associated with a reduced food intake. There were significant increase in the relative weights of the testes and kidneys at the dose level of 1000 mg/kg/day in treated male was observed as compare to control. The elevated relative kidney weights were not accompanied by changes in the kidney function tests or in organ pathology. Decrease liver weight was also observed at 150 and 1000 mg/kg/day in treated female as compare to control. Significant change was observed in the foci of inflammatory cell infiltration of the myocardium in treated males at 1000 mg/kg/day .The foci of inflammatory cell infiltration of the myocardium which occurred occasionally in males of the 1000 mg/kg/day group were of spontaneous origin. Therefore, NOAEL was considered to be 500 mg/kg/day in male rats and 1000 mg/kg/day in female rats respectively when male and female rats were treated with Black PN for 90 days.

Further supported by experimental study conducted by Gauntet al(Food and Cosmetics Toxicology Volume 10, Issue 1, 1972, Pages 17-27) on structurally similar read across substance Black PN (CAS no 2519-30-4), CFE male and female rats were treated with Black PN the concentration of 0, 50, 250 and 500 mg/kg bw for 2 years by oral feed. No statistically significant change were observed on survival, body-weight gain, food intake, hematology, serum chemistry, renal concentration tests, organ weights and pathological findings at dose level of 50, 250 and 500 mg/kg bw in male and female as compared to control. No effect was observed on gonads, thyroid and pituitary of male and female treated rats as compare to control. Therefore, NOAEL was considered to be 500 mg/kg/day when CFE male and female rats were treated with Black PN by oral (feed) for 2 years. 

Again supported by experimental study European Commission (Scientific Committee on Consumer Products (SCCP), OPINION ON Acid Red 33, COLIPA n° C22, 2007 page no -19-20) on structurally similar read across substance D&C Red 33 (CAS no 3567-66-6), male and female rats were treated with D&C Red 33 in the concentration of 0, 12, 25, and 102 mg/kg bw/d for male and 0, 15, 31, and 129 mg/kg bw/d for female orally in diet. No effect on survival and clinical sign of F0 and F1 generation were observed. No effect on body weight and food consumption of treated F0 and F1 rats were observed as compared to control. Similarly, no effects were observed on ophthalmoscopic examination, haematology, clinical chemistry and urinalysis were observed in treated rats as compared to control. No effect on fertility indices, gestation anomalies, viability and survival of the pups were observed in F0 treated rats as compared to control. In addition no effect on histopathology of F0 and F1 treated rats were observed. Therefore, NOAEL was considered to be 102 mg/kg bw/day for male and 129 mg/kg bw/day for female rats of F0 generation and 129 mg/kg bw/day for F1 generation when male and female rats were treated with D&C Red 33 orally in diet for 24 months.

Thus, based on the above studies and predictions on 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt and its read across substances, it can be concluded that NOAEL value is 1433 mg/kg bw with no effect on reproduction. Thus, as per criteria of CLP regulation, 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt can be not classified for reproductive toxicity.   

Effects on developmental toxicity

Effect on developmental toxicity: via oral route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Effect on developmental toxicity: via inhalation route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available
Effect on developmental toxicity: via dermal route
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the above studies and predictions on 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt and its read across substances, it can be concluded that NOAEL value is 1433 mg/kg bw with no effect on reproduction. Thus, as per criteria of CLP regulation, 2-[[4-[[4-[[6-anilino-1-hydroxy-3-sulpho-2-naphthyl]azo]-1-naphthyl]azo]-6-sulpho-1-naphthyl]azo]benzene-1,4-disulphonic acid, magnesium sodium salt can be not classified for reproductive toxicity.   

Additional information

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