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Administrative data

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Genetic toxicity in vitro

Description of key information

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with S9 metabolic activation system. 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the predicted result it can be concluded that the substance is considered to be not toxic as per the criteria mentioned in CLP regulation.

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR Toolbox version 3.3 and the supporting QMRF report has been attached
Reference:
Composition 1
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Refer below principle
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using OECD QSAR Toolbox version 3.3, 2017
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of the test material: 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid
- IUPAC name: 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid
- Molecular formula: C27H24Cl2N14O12S3
- Molecular weight: 903.6766 g/mol
- Substance type: Organic
Target gene:
HIstidine
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Details on mammalian cell lines (if applicable):
Not applicable
Additional strain characteristics:
not specified
Cytokinesis block (if used):
No data
Metabolic activation:
with
Metabolic activation system:
S9 metabolic activation system
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
No data
Vehicle:
No data
Negative controls:
not specified
Solvent controls:
not specified
True negative controls:
not specified
Positive controls:
not specified
Positive control substance:
not specified
Details on test system and conditions:
No data
Rationale for test conditions:
No data
Evaluation criteria:
Prediction is done considering a dose dependent increase n the number of revertants/plate
Statistics:
No data
Species / strain:
other: TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity:
not specified
Vehicle controls valid:
not specified
Negative controls valid:
not specified
Positive controls valid:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no mutagenic potential (based on QSAR/QSPR prediction)
Additional information on results:
No data

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: "Gene mutation"
Estimation method: Takes highest mode value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" or "f" )  and "g" )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and ( not "m") )  )  and ("n" and "o" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Imides (Acute toxicity) OR Substituted Triazines (Acute toxicity) by US-EPA New Chemical Categories ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-specific AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation AND SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution >> Halo-triazines by Protein binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3 ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acid moiety OR Acrylamides OR Anilines (Unhindered) OR Hydrazines OR Imides OR Triazines, Aromatic by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-specific AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    AND Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND Radical AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) AND Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives AND SN1 AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions AND SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3 ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyls (Genotox) AND Hydrazine (Genotox) AND Structural alert for genotoxic carcinogenicity by Carcinogenicity (genotox and nongenotox) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic diazo (Genotox) OR Benzenesulfonic ethers, methylation (Nongenotox) OR Metals, oxidative stress (Nongenotox) OR Structural alerts for both genotoxic and nongenotoxic carcinogenicity by Carcinogenicity (genotox and nongenotox) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group All log Kow < -3.1 by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -2.93

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= -0.0471

Conclusions:
4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.
Executive summary:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with S9 metabolic activation system. 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the predicted result it can be concluded that the substance is considered to be not toxic as per the criteria mentioned in CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (negative)

Genetic toxicity in vivo

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Gene mutation in vitro:

Prediction model based estimation and data from read across chemicals have been reviewed to determine the mutagenic nature of

4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid. The summary is as mentioned below:

Based on the prediction done using the OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor and considering the five closest read across substances, gene mutation was predicted for 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid. The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 with and without S9 metabolic activation system. 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid was predicted to not induce gene mutation in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence, according to the prediction made, it is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Gene mutation toxicity was predicted for 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid using the battery approach from Danish QSAR database (2017). The study assumed the use of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria in the Ames test. The end point for gene mutation has been modeled in the Danish QSAR using the three software systems Leadscope, CASE Ultra and SciQSAR. Based on predictions from these three systems, a fourth and overall battery prediction is made. The battery prediction is made using the so called Battery algorithm. With the battery approach it is in many cases possible to reduce “noise” from the individual model estimates and thereby improve accuracy and/or broaden the applicability domain. Gene mutation toxicity study as predicted by Danish QSAR for4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acidis negative and hence the chemical is predicted to not classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

In a study for structurally and functionally similar read across chemical by Mortelmans et al (Environmental Mutagenesis, 1986), Gene mutation toxicity study was performed for direct blue 25 (RA CAS no 2150 -54 -1) and direct blue 10 (RA CAS no 4198 -19 -0) to evaluate its mutagenic nature. The study was performed as per the preincubation protocol using Salmonella typhimurium strain TA100, TA1535, TA1537, TA98 both in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system at doses of 0, 100.0, 333.0, 1000.0, 3333.0 or 10000.0 µg/plate. Water was used as the vehicle. The plates were incubated for 48 hrs after 20 mins preincubation before the evaluation of the revertant colonies could be made. Direct blue 25 and direct blue 10 did not induce mutation in the Salmonella typhimurium strain TA100, TA1535, TA1537, TA98 both in the presence and absence of S9 metabolic activation system and hence the chemical is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Based on the data available for the target chemical and its read across, 4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid does not exhibit gene mutation in vitro. Hence the test material is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the data available for the target chemical and its read across,4-{[4-({3-[(4-amino-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]-4-sulfophenyl}amino)-6-chloro-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino}-6-[(E)-2-(5-carbamoyl-1-ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-methyl-6-oxo-1,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)diazen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-disulfonic acid does not exhibit gene mutation in vitro. Hence the test material is not likely to classify as a gene mutant in vitro.