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Toxicological information

Sensitisation data (human)

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
sensitisation data (humans)
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Not applicable
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Thresholds for induction are not reported and quantitative extrapolation to all substances in the group is not possible

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
other: EU RAR
Title:
European Union Risk Assessment Report
Author:
European Chemicals Bureau
Bibliographic source:
3rd Priority List, Volume 53

Materials and methods

Type of sensitisation studied:
skin
Study type:
other: Review
Test guideline
Qualifier:
no guideline followed
Deviations:
not specified
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Reports of clinical cases and patch-testing studies of various designs.
GLP compliance:
no
Remarks:
Not applicable

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
The EU RAR covers the water soluble Cr (VI) compounds chromium trioxide, sodium chromate, sodium dichromate, ammonium dichromate and
potassium dichromate. Patch testing was carried out mainly using sodium or potassium dichromate, however the results can be qualitatively
extrapolated to the other compounds in this group.

Method

Type of population:
other: general and occupational
Controls:
Not reported.
Route of administration:
dermal

Results and discussion

Results of examinations:
See discussion below.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Concentrations of 0.5% and below of aqueous potassium dichromate have been reported to elicit positive responses in patch testing studies. In one study, a minimum (10% reacting) elicitation concentration of 0.09 µg Cr(VI)/cm2 was calculated after 54 Cr(VI)-sensitive volunteers were exposed to potassium dichromate.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The results of patch testing studies reported in the EU RAR indicate that the water-soluble Cr (VI) compounds in this group are capable of causing skin sensitisation follwoing occupational exposure.
Executive summary:

Allergic contact dermatitis (skin sensitisation) resulting from occupational exposure to water soluble Cr (VI) compounds is commonly encountered in a number of different groups. The EU RAR has reviewed a number of published reports of patch testing in Cr (VI) sensitised humans; the studies report minimum eliciting concentrations as low as 0.09 ug Cr (VI) /cm2. The majority of reported studies were performed using aqueous solutions of sodium or potassium dichromate; while similar effects can be assumed for other water-soluble Cr (VI) compounds, a similar concentration-response relationship cannot be assumed as this will also be influenced by the extent of dermal penetration.