Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Chloroethylene
  • IUPAC name: chloroethene
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
200-831-0
CAS no.:
75-01-4
Index number:
602-023-00-7
Molecular formula:
C2H3Cl
SMILES:
ClC=C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H3Cl/c1-2-3/h2H,1H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
39
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer and is an extremely flammable gas.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is suspected of causing genetic defects, is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects and is harmful if swallowed.

Breakdown of all 573 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Gas 1 H220 Harmonised Classification
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
Muta. 2 H341
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Not Classified
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 97 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 2 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, for thermoplastic manufacture and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products and polymers.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use, outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers and coating products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: laboratory work, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture, manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and for thermoplastic manufacture.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; ground and bond container and receiving equipment; take actions to prevent static discharges; keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; keep cool; obtain special instructions before use; use personal protective equipment as required.; keep container tightly closed; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); use non-sparking tools; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction. In case of leakage eliminate all ignition sources. In case of leaking gas fire do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If exposed or concerned: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Rinse skin with water or shower. In case of fire: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Get medical advice/attention. Remove/take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight; protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place; in a well-ventilated place; locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • A.Schulman GmbH, Hüttenstrasse, 211 D 50170 Kerpen Germany
  • Adriaoil S.p.A, Corso G.Matteotti 10 20121 Milano Lombardia Italy
  • AGC Automotive UK Ltd, Unit B, Edgemead Close Round Spinney NN3 8RG Northampton Northamptonshire United Kingdom
  • AGC Chemicals Europe, Ltd., York House Hillhouse FY5 4QD Thornton Cleveleys Lancashire United Kingdom
  • AGCChemicals Europe, Ltd., York House Hillhouse FY5 4QD Thornton Cleveleys Lancs United Kingdom
  • AKZO Nobel Car Refinishes B.V., Rijksstraatweg 31 2170 BA Sassenheim Netherlands
  • ANWIL SA, Torunska 222 87-805 Wloclawek kuj-pom Poland
  • B.I.G. - OR634, Technische Schoolstraat 43A 2440 Geel Belgium
  • Bison International B.V., Dr. A.F. Philipsstraat 9 4462 EW Goes Netherlands
  • BorsodChem, Bolyai ter 1 3700 Kazincbarcika Hungary
  • CareFusion Italy 312 S.p.A., Via Matteotti 27/A 45030 Villamarzana (Rovigo) Italy
  • CCD (Germany) GmbH, Graf-Adolf-Strasse 68 40210 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice GmbH - (K41A), Herrnsheimer Hauptstrasse 1b 67550 Worms Germany
  • CIRES Lda., Rua da Cires, nº 8 3860-160 Avanca Portugal
  • Covidien Group SARL, Bd. Prince Henri 3b, 4th Floor L- 1724 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 1L-12, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Daedong System Poland, ul. Mała Łąka 28/32 43-400 Cieszyn Poland
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. - OR1, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW OLEFINVERBUND GMBH, Strasse B 13 D-06258 Schkopau Germany
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH, Hugenottenallee 173-175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • EIGENMANN & VERONELLI S.p.A., via della Mosa, 6 20017 Rho (MI) Italy
  • Envigo Research Limited 88, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Ercros SA, Avenida Diagonal 593-595 08014 Barcelona Spain
  • FORTISCHEM a.s., M.R.Stefanika 1 972 71 Novaky Slovakia
  • Henkel AG & Co. KGaA, Henkelstrasse 67 40191 Duesseldorf North-Rhine Westfalia Germany
  • HW-Sintertechnik GmbH, Dr.Leopold-Jungfer-Straße 9181 Feistriz Austria
  • INOVYN Belgium SA, Avenue des Olympiades 20 1140 BRUSSELS Belgium
  • INOVYN Chlorvinyls Limited, PO Box 9 WA7 4JE Runcorn United Kingdom
  • INOVYN Deutschland GmbH, Luwigstrasse 12 47495 Rheinberg Germany
  • INOVYN España S.L., Marie Curie 1-3-5 08760 MARTORELL Spain
  • INOVYN France S.A.S., Avenue de la République 39500 Tavaux France
  • INOVYN Manufacturing Belgium SA, Rue Solvay 39 5190 Jemeppe Sur Sambre Belgium
  • INOVYN Norge AS, Rafnes N-3966 STATHELLE Norway
  • INOVYN Sverige AB, Hjälmarevägen 444 83 Stenungsund Sweden
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZI ECOPARC II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • IVICT Europe GmbH, Kennedydamm 19 40476 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Kaustik Europe b.v. (OR3), Wijnhaven 3-L 3011 WG Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Kem One, IMMEUBLE LE QUADRILLE 19 RUE JACQUELINE AURIOL 69008 LYON France
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C8, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • LROSNE, 15 Boulevard de Bury 16000 Angoulême France
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Lubrizol Limited, The Knowle, Nether Lane Hazelwwod DE56 4AN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (LNH Moscow KNH), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • Marubeni Europe plc, 95 Gresham Street EC2V 7AB London United Kingdom
  • Mexichem UK Limited, The Heath Business and Technical Park WA7 4QX Runcorn Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Mexichem UK Limited_OR4, The Heath Business and Technical Park WA7 4QX Runcorn Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Mexichem UK Limited_OR5, The Heath Business and Technical Park WA7 4QX Runcorn Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Occidental Chemical Belgium BVBA, A.Z. De Vunt 13 / 9 3220 Holsbeek Belgium
  • OQEMA GmbH, Aachener Str. 258 41061 Moenchengladbach Germany
  • Penn Color International BV, Smakterweg 31 5804 AE Venray Netherlands
  • Petrochemical Commercial Company (UK) Ltd, 24, GROSVENOR GARDENS SW1W 0DH LONDON EUROPE United Kingdom
  • PolyOne Luxembourg S.a.r.l., Route de Bastogne, 19 L-9638 Pommerloch Luxembourg
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude 32a 81541 München Germany
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REHAU Purchasing Services GmbH, Bahnhofstrasse 30 95111 Rehau Germany
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (K007), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • SABIC Petrochemicals B.V., Europaboulevard 1 6135 LD Sittard Netherlands
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V.150, Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SG PERFORMANCE PLASTICS FRANCE, LA MOTHE-AUX-AULNAIES 89120 CHARNY France
  • Shin-Etsu International Europe B.V., Strawinskylaan 827 TOREN B 8 ET 1077XX Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Shin-Etsu PVC B.V., Noorderweg 68 1221AB Hilversum Netherlands
  • Solvin GmbH und Co. KG - OR1, Hans-Boeckler-Allee 20 30173 Hannover Germany
  • Spetsinterproject Oy, Näkinkaari 1 M 02320 Espoo Uusimaa Finland
  • SPOLANA s.r.o., Ul. Práce 657 277 11 Neratovice Czech Republic
  • Steptoe & Johnson LLP, Av Louise, 489 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • SUMITOMO CHEMICAL EUROPE S.A./N.V., WOLUWELAAN 57 B-1830 MACHELEN Belgium
  • Teknor Apex BV, Mijnweg 1 Mijnweg 1, (P.O.Box 601, 6160 AP) 6167AC Geleen Please select Netherlands
  • The Acta Group EU BVBA (BE3), Place du Luxembourg 2 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • Toyo ink europe specialty chemicals, Boulevard Dambourney BP 4 76350 Oissel France
  • Tricon Energy UK, Ltd, Dawson House 5 Jewry Street EC3N 2EX London United Kingdom
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (052), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • VESTOLIT GmbH, Paul-Baumannstr. 1 45772 Marl Germany
  • VEYANCE TECHNOLOGIES CZECH s.r.o., Na Rovince 873 72000 Ostrava Czech Republic
  • Vinnolit GmbH & Co. KG, Carl-Zeiss-Ring 25 85737 Ismaning Germany
  • Vinyls Italia S.p.A., via della chimica, 5 30175 venezia-marghera Italy
  • Vynova Belgium NV, H.Hartlaan, 21 BE-3980 Tessenderlo Belgium
  • Vynova Wilhelmshaven GmbH, Inhausersieler Strasse 25 DE-26388 Wilhelmshaven Germany
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • YKK Deutschland GmbH, Bahnhofsweg 12 D-35096 Wenkbach Weimar Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • ARKEMA QVC, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 Colombes France
  • Chimcomplex S.A. Borzesti, 3, Industriilor Street 601124 Onesti Bacau Romania
  • Ecotoxward Ltd, 381-383 City Road EC1V 1NW London United Kingdom
  • Ferro Spain S.A., Carretera Valencia - Barcelona Km 61.5 12550 Almazora (Castellon) Spain
  • Haupt Chemicals Trading GmbH, Lerchenfelder Gürtel 43/6/2 1160 Vienna Austria
  • VINYLFOS, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 Colombes France

Other names

  • -
  • Chloroethene
  • Chloroethylene
  • Chloroethylene OR1
  • chlorure de vinyle monomere
  • VCM
  • VCM (ASAHIMAS)
  • VINYL CHLORIDE
  • Vinyl Chloride - chloroethylene
  • Vinyl Chloride Monomer
  • Vinyl Chloride Monomer (AGC)
  • Vinyl Choride
  • vinylchloride
  • Vinylchloride Monomer (VCM)
  • Chloroethene (Vinyl Chloride)
  • Chloroethylene
  • chloroethylene (Vinyl Chloride)
  • vinyl chloride (Vinyl Chloride)
  • 1-Chloroethene
  • 1-Chloroethylene
  • chlorek winylu
  • Chlorethene
  • Chloroethene
  • Chloroethylene
  • Ethene, chloro-
  • Ethylene monochloride
  • Ethylene, chloro-
  • Monochloroethene
  • Monochloroethylene
  • monomer chlorku winylu
  • monomère de chlorure de vinyle
  • PolyYIN GC2126T black
  • VC
  • VCM
  • Vinyl C monomer
  • VINYL CHLORIDE
  • Vinyl Chloride Monomer
  • Vinylchlorid
  • Vinylchlorid Monomer VCM (german)
  • Vinylchloride
  • Vinylchloride (VCM)
  • Vinylmonochloride (VCM)
  • Chloroethylene
  • Vinyl chloride

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [4]
C Form
Liquified gas (75%), Other (25%) [4]
C Odour
Odourless (50%), Biting (25%), Other (25%) [4]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-154 - -122.02 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-122 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Boiling point
-13.4 - -13 °C @ 101.3 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
-13.3 °C

Density

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Relative density
0.911 @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.911

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
334.3 - 397.301 kPa @ 20 - 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4 2
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
363 kPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.38 - 1.62 @ 20 - 22 °C and pH 5 - 9 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
1.62

Water solubility

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1.1 - 8.8 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 5 - 9 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
-78 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
472 - 474 °C @ 101.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
472 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 3
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 3
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
55.2 h [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 40
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 7 summaries submitted
  • 7 summaries processed
Half life in air
35.74 - 48 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 6
Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
R Summaries
  • 7 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in water
15 days

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in soil
30 days

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 37 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 30
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 7 summaries submitted
  • 6 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 10
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
5.47 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0.04 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0.04 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 29.9 % [1]
R Water 66.6 % [1]
R Soil 3.29 % [1]
R Sediment 0.183 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 6 summaries submitted
  • 6 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 77 - 100 µg/L (6)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 770 µg/L (5)
Marine water 7.7 - 100 µg/L (6)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 400 µg/L (5)
Sediment (freshwater) 125 - 708 µg/kg sediment dw (6)
Sediment (marine water) 70.8 - 125 µg/kg sediment dw (6)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (5)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 85 - 103 µg/kg soil dw (6)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 43.3 µg/kg food (5)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 16.141 - 210 mg/L [7]
NOEC (4 days) 128 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 8 4
Weight of evidence 1
Other 8
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
210 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 55.305 - 196 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
119 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 2.382 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 20.428 - 770.865 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 1
Other 8
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
R Summaries
  • 5 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
77 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (84 h) 40 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 16
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
40 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 84.587 mg/kg soil ww [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 7.7 mg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 2 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 1.4 ng/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 14
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 500 - 4 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
inhalation
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (2 h) 390 mg/L air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Study cannot be used for classification [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence 1
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 3
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 30 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Study data: inhalation
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
rat (rat): 30 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEC (rat): 130 mg/m³ air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 50 ppm [2]
LOAEC (mouse): 50 ppm [2]
LOEC (rat): 260 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 16
Weight of evidence 1
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other 10
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 36 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 18
Weight of evidence
Other 14
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Study data: developmental
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant