Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Gasoline
  • IUPAC name: 1,3-xylene; 2,2-dimethylbutane; 2-methylbutane; 2-methylhexane; hexane; methylcyclopentane; pentane; toluene
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
289-220-8
CAS no.:
86290-81-5
Index number:
649-378-00-4
Molecular formula:
C50H98
SMILES:
CCCCC.CCC(C)C.CCCCCC.CCC(C)(C)C.CC1CCCC1.CCCCC(C)C.CC1=CC=CC=C1.CC1=CC(C)=CC=C1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C8H10.C7H8.C7H16.C6H12.2C6H14.2C5H12/c1-7-4-3-5-8(2)6-7;1-7-5-3-2-4-6-7;1-4-5-6-7(2)3;1-6-4-2-3-5-6;1-5-6(2,3)4;1-3-5-6-4-2;1-4-5(2)3;1-3-5-4-2/h3-6H,1-2H3;2-6H,1H3;7H,4-6H2,1-3H3;6H,2-5H2,1H3;5H2,1-4H3;3-6H2,1-2H3;5H,4H2,1-3H3;3-5H2,1-2H3 AuxInfo=1/0/N:36,37,31,30,32,34,35,33;7,2,1,3,6,4,5;43,38,44,42,41,40,39;29,26,27,25,28,24;48,45,49,50,47,46;18,23,19,22,20,21;11,8,12,10,9;13,17,14,16,15/E:(1,2)(4,5)(7,8);(3,4)(5,6);(2,3);(2,3)(4,5);(2,3,4);(1,2)(3,4)(5,6);(2,3);(1,2)(3,4)/rA:50CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC/rB:s1;d-2;s3;d-4;d-1s5;s5;;s8;s9;s10;s9;;s13;s14;s15;s16;;s18;s19;s20;s21;s22;;s24;s25;s26;s24s27;s24;;d-30;s31;d-32;s33;s30d-34;s35;s33;;s38;s39;s40;s41;s42;s39;;s45;s46;s47;s46;s46;/rC:1.3337,-1.21,0;0,-1.98,0;-1.3336,-1.21,0;-1.3336,.33,0;0,1.1,0;1.3337,.33,0;0,2.64,0;5.5137,.7741,0;6.8471,.0035,0;8.1705,.7661,0;9.5039,-.0043,0;6.8471,-1.5393,0;13.6839,.3028,0;15.0281,-.4728,0;16.3349,.3134,0;17.6685,-.457,0;19.0018,.3134,0;-3.3585,-7.5805,0;-2.012,-8.3279,0;-.679,-7.5536,0;.6656,-8.3008,0;2.012,-7.5536,0;3.3719,-8.3075,0;9.0124,-7.1501,0;9.9054,-8.3804,0;9.0165,-9.6466,0;7.5519,-9.1424,0;7.5519,-7.6224,0;9.4927,-5.6817,0;13.8654,-7.3424,0;13.8654,-8.8979,0;15.1987,-9.6709,0;16.518,-8.9072,0;16.518,-7.3517,0;15.1849,-6.5831,0;15.2127,-5.06,0;17.87,-9.6849,0;-3.0231,-13.005,0;-1.691,-13.7776,0;-.3986,-13.005,0;.9357,-13.7776,0;2.2679,-13.005,0;3.6134,-13.7843,0;-1.7043,-15.3099,0;7.7934,-12.7649,0;9.1269,-13.5355,0;10.4474,-12.7729,0;11.7807,-13.5433,0;9.1269,-15.0755,0;7.7934,-14.3059,0;
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
105
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, may cause genetic defects and may cause cancer.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is an extremely flammable liquid and vapour, is suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child, causes skin irritation and may cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Breakdown of all 3432 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Asp. Tox. 1 H304 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H336
Repr. 2 H361
Carc. 1B H350 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 1 H224
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
Flam. Liq. 3 H226
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
STOT SE 3 H335
Carc. 1A H350
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • M

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 161 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 000 - 1 000 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, air care products, anti-freeze products, coating products, lubricants and greases, washing & cleaning products and welding & soldering products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), of substances in closed systems with minimal release and as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, in materials as fuel sources, with limited exposure to unburned product to be expected, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), manufacturing of the substance, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, as processing aid, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, as processing aid and for thermoplastic manufacture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; obtain special instructions before use; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. Do not induce vomiting.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • A/S Danske Shell, Egeskovvej 265 DK-7000 Fredericia DK-7000 Copenhagen S Denmark
  • Afton Chemical S.P.R.L. (Woluwe), Alma Court Lenneke Marelaan, 8 B-1932 St-Stevens-Woluwe Belgium
  • AIM-Energy Sp. z o.o., Plac Kupiecki 2 32-800 Brzesko małopolskie Poland
  • Air BP Italia, Via Lazio 20/C 00100 Roma Italy
  • AOT Energy Belgium, Boulevard de France 7 1420 Braine-l’Alleud Belgium
  • api raffineria di Ancona S.p.A., via Flaminia 685 60015 Falconara Marittima (AN) Italy
  • AVESTRA CHEMICAL SERVICES OY, ORs, Uotilantie 35 01860 Perttula Finland
  • BAYERNOIL Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, Postfach 1252 93328 Neustadt Bavaria Germany
  • BP Europa SE, Überseeallee 1 20457 Hamburg Germany
  • BP France SA, Campus Saint Christophe, Bâtiment Galilée 3 10 avenue de l’Entreprise 95863 Cergy Saint Christophe CERGY PONTOISE France
  • BP Oil España S.A. Unipersonal, Avenida de Barajas 30 Parque Empresarial Omega - Edificio D 28108 Alcobendas Madrid Spain
  • BP Oil Hellenic SA, 26 Kifissias Avenue 2 Paradissou Street 151 25 Maroussi Athens Greece
  • BP Oil International, Chertsey Road TW16 7BP Sunbury on Thames Middlesex United Kingdom
  • BP Oil UK Limited, Chertsey Road TW16 7BP Sunbury on Thames United Kingdom
  • BP Portugal - Comércio de Combustiveis e Lubrificantes, SA, Lagoas Park Edificio 3 2740 266 Porto Salvo Portugal
  • BP Raffinaderij Rotterdam B.V., d'Arcyweg 76 3198 NA Europoort Rotterdam Netherlands
  • CARFUEL SAS, 1, rue Jean Mermoz BP 60075 - ZAE Saint Genault 91002 Evry Cedex France
  • CHEMSERT, Ģertrūdes street 69/71-46 LV-1011 Riga Latvia Latvia
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Efremov Kautschuk GmbH, Mergenthaler Allee 10-12 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Enemed, 31st March 1979 Installation BBG1604 Birzebbugia Malta
  • ENGEN Reunion SA, 1 Rue Sully Prud'Homme CS 31075 97829 Le Port Cedex Reunion France
  • ENI, Piazzale Enrico Mattei 1 00144 Rome Italy
  • Equinor ASA, Forusbeen 50 N-4035 Stavanger Norway
  • EQUINOR REFINING DENMARK A/S, Melbyvej 17, Att: Thor Inge Throndsen DK-4400 Kalundborg Denmark
  • ERG S.p.A., Via De Marini, 1 16149 Genova Italy
  • Essar Oil (UK) Limited, Stanlow Manufacturing Complex PO Box 3 CH65 4HB Ellesmere Port Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Esso Deutschland GmbH, Caffamacherreihe 5 20355 Hamburg Germany
  • Esso Ireland Ltd, 5, Harbourmaster Place Level 2 IFSC Dublin 1 Ireland
  • ESSO Italiana Srl, Viale Castello della Magliana 25 00148 Roma Italy
  • Esso Nederland B.V., Graaf Engelbertlaan 75 4837 DS Breda Netherlands
  • Esso Norge AS, Grenseveien 6 4313 Sandnes Norway
  • Esso Petroleum Company Ltd., Ermyn Way ExxonMobil House KT22 8UX Surrey Leatherhead United Kingdom
  • Esso Raffinage S.A.S., Tour Manhattan, 5/6, Place de l'Iris 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Esso SAF, Tour Manhattan, 5/6, Place de l'Iris 92400 Courbevoie France
  • ExxonMobil Cyprus Limited, 6, Ayiou Prokopiou Street Engomi 2406 Nicosia Cyprus
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical, BVBA, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Gazprom Marketing & Trading France, avenue des Champs Elysees 68 75008 Paris France
  • Glencore Energy UK Ltd, 50 Berkeley Street W1J 8HD London United Kingdom
  • Greenergy Fuels Ltd, 198 High Holborn WC1V 7BD London United Kingdom
  • GRUPA LOTOS S.A., ul. Elblaska 135 80-718 Gdańsk pomorskie Poland
  • Gunvor International B.V., Barbara Strozzilaan 201 1083 HN Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Gunvor Petroleum Antwerpen NV, Scheldelaan 490 2040 Antwerp Belgium
  • Gunvor Petroleum Rotterdam B.V., Moezelweg 255 3198 LS Europoort Netherlands
  • Gunvor Raffinerie Ingolstadt GmbH, Essostrasse 1 85092 Kösching Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • Haltermann Carless UK Limited, Grove House Guildford Road KT22 9DF Leatherhead Surrey United Kingdom
  • Hartree Partners (UK) Limited, 33 Grosvenor Place SW1X7HY London United Kingdom
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A., 8Α Chimarras st. GR 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A. - O.R. for OKTA A.D., 8A Chimarras St GR 151 25 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • HH Compliance Ltd., The Rubicon Centre, CIT Campus, 0000 Bishopstown, Cork Ireland
  • Holborn Europa Raffinerie GmbH, Moorburger Strasse 18 21079 Hamburg Germany
  • Huda trading, warfvinges väg 45 112 80 Stockholm Sweden
  • IES - Italiana Energia e Servizi S.p.A., Strada Cipata, 79 46100 Mantova Lombardia Italy
  • INA, d.d., Avenija V.Holjevca 10 p.p. 555 10002 Zagreb Croatia
  • Interchem Logistics B.V., Javastraat 4 3016 CE Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Intertek Semko Service, Box 1103 Torshamnsgatan 43 SE-16440 Kista Stockholm Sweden
  • Irving Oil Whitegate Refinery Limited, Whitegate P25 HD93 Midleton Co. Cork Ireland
  • ISAB S.r.l., ex S.s. 114 km 146 96010 Priolo Gargallo (SR) Sicily Italy
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd, The Wilton Centre TS10 4RF Redcar United Kingdom
  • J.P. Morgan Commodities Holdings IV B.V., Fred. Roeskestraat 123 1076 EE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Knoell NL-OR-S22, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • Kolmar NL BV, Claude Debussylaan 10 1082MD Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Koole Tankstorage Botlek B.V., Oude Maasweg 6 3197 KJ Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Kuwait Petroleum Italia S.p.A., Viale dell'Oceano Indiano, 13 I 00144 Rome Italy
  • LIBYA OIL REUNION SAS, 93 rue jules vernes 97420 LE PORT REUNION ISLAND France
  • Lotus Oil Trade Ltd, ул. Св.Св. Кирил и Методий 18, офис 7 5800 Pleven Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Benelux B.V., Wilhelminakade 85, Building "De Maastoren" 36th Floor 3072 AP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD, Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (NNOS), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Burgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (PNOS), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (UNP), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (VNPZ), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL_Neftohim (BN), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • Mabanaft Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG, Koreastr. 7 20457 Hamburg Germany
  • MACQUARIE COMMODITIES TRADING (IRELAND) LIMITED, 1 BURLINGTON ROAD CONNAUGHT HOUSE D04C5Y6 DUBLIN 4 Ireland
  • Mercuria Energy Trading BV, Herculesplein 108 3584 AA Utrecht Netherlands
  • Mineraloelraffinerie Oberrhein GmbH & Co. KG, Noerdliche Raffinerie Strasse 1 76187 Karlsruhe Germany
  • Mitsui and Co. Deutschland G.M.B.H. Head Office (Düsseldorf), Herzogstrasse 15 D-40217 Düsseldorf Germany
  • MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas Public Limited Company, Oktober huszonharmadika 18 1117 Budapest Hungary
  • Morgan Stanley & Co. international Plc, 25 Cabot square E14 4QA London United Kingdom
  • MOTOR OIL (HELLAS) CORINTH REFINERIES S.A., Irodou Attikou 12a 15124 Marousi Athens Greece
  • Neste Oyj, Keilaranta 21 FI-02150 Espoo Finland
  • Noble Clean Fuels Limited, 33 Cavendish Square W1G 0PW London United Kingdom
  • North Refinery, Oosterwierum 25 9936HJ Farmsum Netherlands
  • OIL LOGISTIC LTD., Skanstes street 50 LV 1013 Riga Latvia
  • OMV PETROM S.A., 22 Coralilor Street (“Petrom City”) Sector 1 013329 Bucharest Romania
  • OMV Refining & Marketing GmbH, Trabrennstraße 6-8 A-1020 Wien Austria
  • OQEMA-Contract GmbH, ORL, Nauheimer Strasse 37 70372 Stuttgart Germany
  • PCK RAFFINERIE GMBH, Passower Chaussee 111 16303 Schwedt/Oder Germany
  • PETROBRAS GLOBAL TRADING BV - PGT BV, Weena 762 - 9th Floor, First Rotterdam 3014 DA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Petroineos Manufacturing France SAS, Avenue de la Bienfaisance BP 6 133117 Lavera France
  • Petroineos Manufacturing Scotland Ltd, PO Box 21 Bo'ness Road FK3 9XH Grangemouth Scotland United Kingdom
  • Petroineos Trading Limited, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT London United Kingdom
  • Petroleos del Norte, S.A., Ed. Muñatones, Bº San Martín, 5 48550 Muskiz Vizcaya Spain
  • Petroplus Raffinage Petit Couronne SAS, Rue Aristide Briand 72 76650 Petit Couronne France
  • Petroplus Raffinage Reichstett SAS, Route Départementale 37 67116 Reichstett France
  • PETROTEL-LUKOIL S.A., 235 Mihai Bravu 100410 Ploiesti Romania
  • Petróleos de Portugal - Petrogal, S.A., Rua Tomás da Fonseca, Torres de Lisboa 1600-209 Lisboa Portugal
  • Phillips 66 CS Limited, 7th Floor 200-202 Aldersgate Street EC1A 4HD London United Kingdom
  • Phillips 66 Limited, 7th Floor 200-202 Aldersgate Street EC1A 4HD London United Kingdom
  • PICOTY S.A., Rue Guy et André PICOTY 23300 LA SOUTERRAINE France
  • Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN SA, ul. Chemików 7 09-411 Płock Poland
  • Prax Petroleum Ltd, Prax House Horizon Business Village KT13 0TJ 1 Brooklands Road Weybridge, Surrey United Kingdom
  • Preem AB, Warfvinges väg 45 11280 Stockholm Sweden
  • Public Company ORLEN Lietuva, JUODEIKIAI LT-89467 MAZEIKIAI TELSIAI Lithuania
  • Puma Energy (UK) Limited, Westerleigh Terminal Oakley Green Farm Lane, Westerleigh BS37 8QE Bristol United Kingdom
  • Raffineria di Milazzo S.C.p.A., Contrada Mangiavacca 98057 Milazzo (ME) Italy
  • Raffinerie Heide GmbH, Meldorfer Straße 43 25770 Hemmingstedt Germany
  • Raizen Trading LLP, 5 Lloyds Avenue (Third Floor) EC3N 3AE London United Kingdom
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 B-1040 Brusssels Belgium
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • Repsol Petroleo, S.A., Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • REPSOL TRADING SA, Calle Méndez Álvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Spain
  • Ruhr Oel GmbH, Pawiker Strasse 30 45896 Gelsenkirchen Germany
  • RWE Supply & Trading GmbH, 60 Threadneedle Street EC2R 8HP London United Kingdom
  • Rütgers Resins BV, Molenlaan 30 1422 ZA Uithoorn Netherlands
  • SABIC Petrochemicals B.V., Europaboulevard 1 6135 LD Sittard Netherlands
  • San Marco Petroli Spa, via dell'elettronica, 2 30176 Marghera Venezia Italy
  • SARAS SpA, ss 195 km 19.2 09018 SARROCH (CA) SARDINIA Italy
  • SARLUX srl, S.S. Sulcitana 195 km. 19 09018 Sarroch (CA) Sardinia Italy
  • SARPOM S.r.l., Viale Castello della Magliana 25 00148 Roma Italy
  • SC Rompetrol Rafinare SA, Navodari Street no.215, Administrative Building 905700 Navodari Constanta Romania
  • SCA Pétrole et Dérivés, 7 allee des Mousquetaires parc de treville 91078 Bondoufle France
  • Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH, Suhrenkamp 71-77, 22335 Hamburg Germany
  • Shell Global Solutions Germany GmbH, (PAE) Produkte, Anwendung und Entwicklung Hohe-Schaar-Strasse 36, 21107 Hamburg Germany
  • Shell Nederland Raffinaderij B.V., Vondelingenweg 601 Postbus 3000 3196 KK Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Trading International Ltd, Shell Centre SE1 7NA London United Kingdom
  • Shell Trading Rotterdam B. V., Weena 70 3012 CM Rotterdam Netherlands
  • SLOVNAFT, a.s., Vlcie hrdlo 1 824 12 Bratislava Slovakia
  • SOCIETE ANONYME DE LA RAFFINERIE DES ANTILLES - SARA, TOUR TOTAL 24 COURS MICHELET 92800 PUTEAUX MARTINIQUE France
  • SOCIETE REUNIONNAISE DE PRODUITS PETROLIERS, ZI n° 1 CS 71169 97829 LE PORT CEDEX LA REUNION France
  • Sonatrach Raffineria Italiana S.r.l., Via Montenapoleone 29 20121 Milano Italy
  • SpetsInterProject Oy_ONOS, Näkinkaari 1 M 02320 Espoo Finland
  • St1 Refinery AB, Bensinvägen 10 PO.Box 8889 402 72 Göteborg Göteborg Sweden
  • Steptoe & Johnson LLP, Av Louise, 489 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • The Acta Group EU BVBA (BE15), Place du Luxembourg 2 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • TOTAL DEUTSCHLAND GmbH, Jean-Monnet-Straße 2 10 117 BERLIN Germany
  • TOTAL EUROPEAN TRADING, 2 Place Jean Millier La Défense 6 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Total Lindsey Oil Refinery ltd, Eastfield Road DN40 3LW North Lincolnshire United Kingdom
  • TOTAL MARKETING FRANCE, 562 AVENUE DU PARC DE L'ILE 92000 NANTERRE France
  • TOTAL MAYOTTE, Immeuble Jacaranda, Lot des 3 vallées, BP 867 kawéni 96700 MAMOUDZOU France
  • TOTAL Nederland N.V., Nieuwe Havenstraat 2 2265 Voorburg Netherlands
  • Total Petrochemicals & Refining SA/NV, 52, rue de l'Industrie 1040 BRUXELLES Belgium
  • TOTAL RAFFINADERIJ ANTWERPEN NV, SCHELDELAAN 16, 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Total Raffinage France, 2, place Jean Millier, La Défense 92400 Courbevoie France
  • TOTAL RAFFINERIE MITTELDEUTSCHLAND GMBH, MAIENWEG, 1 D06237 LEUNA Germany
  • TOTAL REUNION, 3 RUE JACQUES PREVERT RIVIERE DES GALETS - BP 286 97420 LE PORT LA REUNION France
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • UAB "Transchema", Saltoniskiu 34a, Vilnius 08105 Vilnius Lithuania
  • Unipetrol RPA, Litvinov - Zaluzi 1 43670 Litvinov Czech Republic
  • Valero Energy Ltd, Pembroke Refinery SA71 5SJ Pembroke United Kingdom
  • Varo Energy Netherlands B.V., Waalhaven z.z. 11 3089 JH Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Veluna Impex Ltd., 20b Stasikratous Street, Crystal Offices, Kramblis Building 1065 Nicosia Cyprus
  • Vitol Chemicals BV, K.P. van der Mandelelaan 130 3062 MB Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Wilhelmshavener Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, Raffineriestrasse 1 26388 Wilhelmshaven Germany
  • Zeeland Refinery N.V., LUXEMBURGWEG 1, NL 4455 TM NIEUWDORP Zld Netherlands
  • B. V. Mabanaft, Wilhelminakade 101 43rd floor 3072 AP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Basell Polyoléfines France SAS, Chemin Departemental 21 A 13130 Berre l'Etang France
  • Chevron BV M/I, Hofplein 33 3011AJ Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Chevron Products UK Ltd M/I, 1 Westferry Circus Canary Wharf E14 4HA London London United Kingdom
  • GAZPROM MARKETING AND TRADING FRANCE 24, 68 avenue des Champs Elysées 75008 PARIS France
  • INEOS Chemicals Lavera (O Imports), Rue de la Bienfaisance 13117 Lavera France
  • International Petroleum Products (IPP)B.V., Herengracht 498 1017 CB Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd, The Wilton Centre TS10 4RF Redcar United Kingdom
  • Knoell NL-OR-S23, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • Knoell NL-OR-S30, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • Kuwait Petroleum Espana S.A., CALLE JOSE ABASCAL, NUM. 41 PLANTA 1 28003 Madrid Spain
  • North European Oil Trade Oy, Urho Kekkosen Katu 5C, 5th Floor 00100 Helsinki Finland
  • PARAMO, a.s., Přerovská 560 53006 Pardubice Czech Republic
  • PETROBRAS EUROPE LIMITED., 9th Floor, 1 Angel Court EC2R 7HJ London United Kingdom
  • Petroplus Refining and Marketing Limited, Coryton Refinery The Manorway SS17 9LL Stanford-le-Hope Essex United Kingdom
  • RAFFINERIA DI GELA S.P.A, Contrada Piana del Signore CP35 93012 Gela (CL) Sicily Italy
  • RAFFINERIA DI ROMA Spa, VIA DI MALAGROTTA 00050 FRAZ.PANTANO DI GRANO-ROMA Italy
  • Shell Research Limited, Shell Technology Centre - Thornton PO BOX 1 CH1 3SH Chester Cheshire United Kingdom
  • SpetsInterProject09, Näkinkaari 1 M 02320 Espoo Finland
  • TAMOIL Italia S.p.A, Via Andrea Costa 17 20131 Milano Italy
  • TAMOIL Raffinazione S.p.A, Piazzale Caduti del Lavoro, 30 26100 Cremona Italy
  • VPR Energy BV, Neckarweg 5 Haven 5526 3198 Rotterdam Netherlands

Other names

  • -
  • 1,3-xylene; 2,2-dimethylbutane; 2-methylbutane; 2-methylhexane; hexane; methylcyclopentane; pentane; toluene
  • 289-220-8 Enmalta
  • Blended gasolines
  • Complex combination of hydrocarbons
  • CP
  • Gasoline
  • Gasoline - Essence
  • Gasoline for export
  • Gasoline, Benzin
  • Gasoline, petrol
  • Low boiling point naphtha - unspecified
  • OKTA Gasoline
  • Petrol
  • Reference Material of Hydrocarbon Types in Gasoline by FIA Certified by The Japan Petroleum Institute, Olefins Content 5vol% level (5ml*3)
  • Stable natural gasoline/Regular-92/Premium-95
  • [A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range
  • Gasoline
  • Gasoline (A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range of 30°C to 260°C (86°F to 500°F).)
  • Low boiling point naphtha - unspecified (A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range of 30°C to 260°C (86°F to 500°F).)
  • [A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range of 30°C to 260°C (86°F to 500°F).] (A complex combination of hydrocarbons consisting primarily of paraffins, cycloparaffins, aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than C3 and boiling in the range of 30°C to 260°C (86°F to 500°F).)
  • Automobile non-ethylated gasolines with improved ecological properties (unleaded gasolines) of different brands
  • AUTOMOTIVE FUEL FOR EXPORT. REGULAR GRADE UNLEADED PETROL (RON 92)
  • AUTOMOTIVE FUEL. UNLEADED PETROL - (RON 95)
  • Automotive fuel. Unleaded petrol - (RON 95) (for export)
  • AUTOMOTIVE FUEL. UNLEADED PETROL - (RON 98)
  • Avgas 100/130 (>0.1% Lead)
  • Avgas 100LL (<0.1% Benzene)
  • Avgas Heart Cut
  • BASE SANS PLOMB 95 A ETHANOLER
  • Benzin
  • Benzin 95, Benzin 98
  • Benzine
  • Blendstock
  • Cleaner unleaded, Super unleaded gasoline - SU50, Super unleaded motor spirit 50, Super plus unleaded, Super plus, Super unleaded, SUMS (super unleaded motor spirit), 97 octane (RON), Lead replacement petrol, LRP, Lead free four star, LR50
  • Diesel Euro, grade E
  • Diesel Euro, grade F
  • Diesel Euro, grade С
  • Diesel Fuel
  • EN 228 (Eurograde)
  • Essence
  • Essence, Essence sans plomb, Essence sans plomb 95, Essence sans plomb 98
  • EURO BMB-95, BMB-98, BMB-100
  • Eurograde Gasoline
  • Eurosuper
  • Fraktie 2
  • Gas Oil
  • Gas oil 2000 ppm
  • Gas oil L-0,05-62
  • Gas oil L-0,2-62
  • GASOLINA A
  • Gasoline
  • Gasoline 95
  • Gasoline 98
  • gasoline A-92
  • gasoline A-95
  • Gasoline AI-92-K5
  • Gasoline AI-95-K5
  • Gasoline AI-98-K5
  • Gasoline Blending Component
  • Gasoline export
  • Gasoline for export
  • Gasoline Normal-80
  • Gasoline Premium 95
  • Gasoline Premium-95
  • Gasoline RBOB
  • Gasoline Regular 92
  • Gasoline Regular-92
  • Gasoline Unleaded Premium Euro-95
  • Gasoline Unleaded Regular EURO-92
  • Gasoline Unleaded regular Euro-92 type 1
  • Gasoline, Gasoline 95, Gasoline 98, Gasoline RBOB
  • Gasoline, Gasoline 95, Gasoline 98, Gasoline RBOB, Gasoline bio-free
  • Heating Fuel
  • Heating Fuel, grade IV
  • Heating Fuel, grade V
  • HPF+iC5
  • HPF+LCN
  • LCN/HPF, Premium unleaded 95/E0, premium unleaded 95/E5, super unleaded 98/E0
  • LRP
  • M91, M95, M98
  • Mogas, Avgas
  • Moottoribensiini
  • Motor gasoline, Unleaded gasoline, Unleaded petrol, Ultimate unleaded, ULSP, Ultra low sulphur petrol, PU50, Premium unleaded 50, Premium unleaded, Unleaded 95, ULMS (premium unleaded motor spirit), 95 octane (RON), National premium unleaded
  • Normalbenzin, Superbenzin, Super Plus
  • Ottokraftstoff
  • Petrol
  • Premium Euro-95
  • Premium Unleaded 95
  • Premium Unleaded 95, Super Unleaded 98
  • Premium unleaded 95/E0, premium unleaded 95/E5, super unleaded 98/E5
  • Premium unleaded 95/E5, Premium unleaded 95/E0, Super unleaeded 98/E0, Super unleaeded 98/E5
  • Premium unleaded 95/E5, Premium unleaded 95/E0, Super unleaeded 98/E0, Super unleaeded 98/E5,Gasoline export
  • Primární benzín
  • R.B.O.B
  • RBOB Premium unleaded 95/E5, Super unleaded 98/E0
  • Regular EN228
  • Regular Euro-92
  • Regular, Super, Superplus, EN228
  • Special Gasoline
  • Stable natural gasoline
  • Super
  • Super plus EN228
  • Super Unleaded (RON 98)
  • Super Unleaded 98
  • Super Unleaded Gasoline
  • Superplus
  • ULSD (ULTRA LOW SULPHUR DIESEL) 10 PPM
  • ULSP
  • ULSP, Unl. Premium EN228
  • Unl. Premium EN228
  • Unl. Premium EN228, ULSP
  • Unleaded 100
  • Unleaded 95
  • Unleaded 98
  • Unleaded Gasoline 95 RON
  • Unleaded gasoline Premium Euro-95
  • Unleaded Motor Gasoline
  • Unleaded Motor Spirit
  • Unleaded Petrol
  • Unleaded Regular EURO 92 (Gasoline)
  • АВТОМОБИЛЕН БЕНЗИН (А 95 Н)
  • АВТОМОБИЛЕН БЕНЗИН (А98 Н)
  • Автомобилен бензин - (А 95 Н) (за износ)
  • АВТОМОБИЛЕН БЕНЗИН РЕГУЛЯРЕН (А92 Н) ЗА ИЗНОС

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Petroleum product (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
-20 - 260 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
0.62 - 0.88 @ 15 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
240 kPa @ 37.8 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
-40 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
280 - 470 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
1 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Marine water No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sediment (marine water) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning Insufficient hazard data available (further information necessary) (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 8.2 - 10 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (21 days) 10 mg/L [1]
NOELR (21 days) 2.6 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (48 h) 4.5 mg/L [1]
NOELR (48 h) 500 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 11
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOELR (21 days) 2.6 - 16 mg/L [2]
EL50 (21 days) 10 - 40 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (4 days) 3.7 mg/L [1]
EL50 (72 h) 3.1 mg/L [1]
NOELR (72 h) 500 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 15
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (40 h) 15.41 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 43 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 40
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 39 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 38
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 44 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 43
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5 610 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 95 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3 90
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 45 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 43
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 43 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 41
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 21
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 49
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 1 402 mg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 19
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 13
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 9 869 mg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 20 000 mg/m³ (chronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 500 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 23 900 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant