Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Levomenol
  • IUPAC name: (2S)-6-methyl-2-[(1S)-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl]hept-5-en-2-ol
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
245-423-3
CAS no.:
23089-26-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C15H26O
SMILES:
[H][C@@]1(CCC(C)=CC1)[C@@](C)(O)CCC=C(C)C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C15H26O/c1-12(2)6-5-11-15(4,16)14-9-7-13(3)8-10-14/h6-7,14,16H,5,8-11H2,1-4H3/t14-,15+/m1/s1
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
8
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications this substance is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 168 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 9 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 - 100 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products, perfumes and fragrances, washing & cleaning products, air care products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products) and polishes and waxes.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products and polishes and waxes.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, industrial spraying, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ChemADVISOR Europe spr, Rue Joseph Stevens 7 (Office 1409) 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Knoell NL-OR-S03, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Pharma Cosm Polli s.r.l., via Palermo, 20 20090 Assago Italy
  • Selco, Wirkstoffe Vertriebs GmbH, Strassburg 16 69483 Wald-Michelbach Hessen Germany
  • Summit Pharmaceuticals Europe, 68 Upper Thames Street EC4V 3BJ London United Kingdom
  • Vantage Specialty Chemicals, 19 avenue des Fjords 91140 VILLEBON-SUR-YVETTE France
  • VMP Chemiekontor GmbH, Industriestraße 16 53721 Siegburg Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Other names

  • (2S)-6-methyl-2-[(1S)-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl]hept-5-en-2-ol
  • (−)-6-Methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-hepten-2-ol
  • -
  • 1-methyl-4(1,5-dimethyl-1-hydroxy-4(5)-hexenyl)-1-cyclohexene
  • 6-methyl-2-(4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-yl)hept-5-en-2-ol
  • alpha-Bisabolol
  • Bibasol
  • Bisabolol
  • Levomenol
  • Alpha Bisabolol
  • Alpha – Bisabolol Natural

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
300.2 °C @ 101.33 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
300.2 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
0.93 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.93

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0.015 - 0.7 Pa @ 20 - 50 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.015 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
5.5 @ 25 °C and pH 5.9 - 6.2 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
5.5 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
22 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 5.9 - 6.2 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
22 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
57.3 mN/m @ 22.4 mg/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
57.3 mN/m @ 22.4 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
143 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
143 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
245 °C @ 101.26 - 102.02 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
245 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 4
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Data not provided by the registrant

Viscosity

Data not provided by the registrant

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Data not provided by the registrant

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 2.2 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 3.5 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
2.2 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 960 - 3 800 µg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 380 - 760 µg/L [2]
EC20 (72 h) 520 - 1 330 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
3.8 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
760 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 1 g/L [1]
NOEC (30 min) 1 g/L [1]
EC10 (30 min) 1 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
1 g/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
1 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Data not provided by the registrant

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed Discriminating dose 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Data not provided by the registrant

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant