Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Turpentine, oil
  • IUPAC name:
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
232-350-7
CAS no.:
8006-64-2
Index number:
650-002-00-6
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
24
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is a flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful in contact with skin, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and is a highly flammable liquid and vapour.

Breakdown of all 1443 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Acute Tox. 4 H312 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Asp. Tox. 1 H304 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 3 H226 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Eye Irrit. 2A H319
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Carc. 2 H351
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 51 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels.

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, in materials as fuel sources, with limited exposure to unburned product to be expected, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; take actions to prevent static discharges; contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep container tightly closed; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); avoid release to the environment; use non-sparking tools; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Follow specific measures (see label). Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: get medical advice/attention. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Rinse the mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. Follow specific treatment (see label). If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If on skin: wash with soap and water.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and Keeping it cool; locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Ahlstrom-Munksjö Aspa Bruk AB, Fabriksvägen SE-696 80 Aspabruk Sweden
  • Ahlstrom-Munksjö Paper AB, Billingsfors, Strandvägen 7 660 11 Billingsfors Dalsland Sweden
  • BillerudKorsnäs Skog & Industri Aktiebolag, Korsnäsverken SE 801 81 Gävle Sweden
  • BillerudKorsnäs Sweden AB, Box 703 169 27 Solna Sweden
  • CELTEJO - Empresa de Celulose do Tejo, SA, Vila Velha de Ródão 6030-223 Vila Velha de Ródão Portugal
  • Enocell Oy, P.O. Box 2 FI-81281 Uimaharju Finland
  • EUROPA&C KRAFT VIANA, S.A., Aptdo. 550 4901-852 Viana do Castelo Portugal
  • FIBRE EXCELLENCE Saint-Gaudens, rue du président Saragat , BP 149 31803 Saint-Gaudens cedex France
  • Fibre-Excellence Tarascon, route de la cellulose 13156 Tarascon cedex France
  • Forchem Oyj, P.O. Box 16 26101 Rauma Finland
  • GASCOGNE PAPER, quartier de Bel Air 40200 MIMIZAN FRANCE France
  • Horizon Pulp&Paper Ltd., Anija 10 74305 Kehra Harju County Estonia
  • International Paper Kwidzyn Sp. z o. o., Lotnicza 1 PL 82-500 Kwidzyn Pomorskie Poland
  • International Paper S.A., Usine de Saillat-sur-Vienne BP 1 - Saillat-sur-Vienne 87206 Saint Junien France
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 6, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Kemira Chemie GesmbH, Hafenstrasse 77 AT-3500 KREMS Austria
  • Kotkamills Oy, PL 62-63 48101 Kotka Finland
  • Kraton Chemical AB, Massvagen15 P.O.BOX 66 SE-82022 Sandarne Sweden
  • Kraton Chemical OY, Nuottasaarentie 17 FIN-90400 OULU Finland
  • LES DERIVES RESINIQUES ET TERPENIQUES, 30 rue Gambetta B.P. 206 40105 Dax Cedex France
  • Metsä Board Sverige AB, Husums Fabrik 896 80 Husum Sweden
  • Metsä Fibre Oy, Revontulenpuisto 2 P.O.X 30 02100 Espoo Finland
  • Mondi Dynäs AB, Mondi Dynäs AB 87381 Väja Ångermanland Sweden
  • Mondi Frantschach GmbH, Frantschach 5 9413 St. Gertraud Carinthia Austria
  • Mondi SCP, a.s., Ružomberok, Tatranská cesta 3 034 17 Ružomberok Slovakia
  • Mondi Stambolijski EAD, Zavodska 1 4210 Stambolijski Bulgaria
  • Mondi Swiecie S.A., Bydgoska1 86-100 Swiecie Kujawsko-Pomorskie Poland
  • Mondi Štětí, a.s., Litoměřická 272 41108 Štětí Czech Republic
  • Nordic Paper Bäckhammar, Bäckhammars Bruk 681 83 Kristinehamn Sweden
  • Peterson Linerboard AS, Verket 22 1501 MOSS Norway
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • SCA Graphic Sundsvall AB, Östrand Pulp mill SE863 36 Timrå Sweden
  • SCA Packaging Munksund AB, Munksundsvägen SE-94187 Piteå Sweden
  • SCA Packaging Obbola AB, Linjevägen 33 SE-913 80 Obbola Sweden
  • Smurfit Kappa Cellulose du Pin, Allée des Fougères Facture 33380 Biganos France
  • Smurfit Kappa Kraftliner, Kolugnsvägen 30 94186 Piteå Sweden Sweden
  • SMURFIT KAPPA NAVARRA S.A., Avda. Raimundo Lumbier s/n 31400 Sangüesa Navarra Spain
  • Smurfit Kappa Nervion, Bº Arriandi s/n 48215 Iurreta Vizcaya Spain
  • Smurfit Kappa Nettingsdorf AG & Co KG, Nettingsdorferstraße 40 4053 Haid / Ansfelden Austria
  • Stora Enso Oulu Oy, P.O.Box 196 90101 Oulu Finland
  • Stora Enso Oyj, Kanavaranta 1 FI-00160 Helsinki Finland
  • Stora Enso Poland SA, Aleja Wojska Polskiego 21 07-401 Ostroleka Poland
  • Stora Enso Pulp AB, Stora Enso Biomaterials Skutskär Pulp Mill SE-814 81 Skutskär Sweden
  • Stora Enso Skoghall AB, Stora Enso Consumer Board, Skoghalls bruk Box 501 SE-663 29 Skoghall Sweden
  • Stora Enso Veitsiluoto Oy, Veitsiluoto mill 94800 Kemi Finland
  • SunPine AB, P.O. Box 76 SE-941 22 Piteå Norrbotten Sweden
  • Södra Skogsägarna ekonomisk förening, Skogsudden SE-35189 Växjö Sweden
  • UPM-Kymmene Oyj, Alvar Aallon katu 1 FI-00100 Helsinki Finland
  • Vallviks Bruk AB, Vallviks Bruk SE-82021 Vallvik Sweden
  • Zellstoff Pöls Aktiengesellschaft, Dr. Luigi-Angeli Straße 9 8761 Pöls Steiermark Austria
  • Zellstoff Stendal GmbH, Goldbecker Straße 1 39596 Arneburg Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • Södra Cell Tofte AS, Östre Strandvei 52 NO-3482 Tofte Norway

Other names

  • -
  • 1-Methyl-4-methylethenylcyclohexene
  • Crude sulfate turpentine
  • Gum turpentine Oil
  • Not Applicable
  • Not available
  • Pine Oil
  • propan-2-one
  • Terpentine, oil
  • Terpentinöl
  • Terpentin�l
  • TOPP
  • Turpentine
  • Turpentine essential oil
  • Turpentine Oil
  • Turpentine oil from pulping process
  • Turpentine Oil from Pulping Process (TOPP) consits of terpenes, mainly bicyclic monoterpenes such as alpha- and beta-pinene and delta-3-carene, and lower concentrations of monocyclic monoterpenes, it is a volatile oil extracted from various tree species.
  • Turpentine Oil from Pulping Processes
  • Turpentine Oil from Pulping Processes (TOPP)
  • Turpentine oil from pulping processes (TOPP) is a volatile oil extracted from various tree species. It consist of terpenes, mainly bicyclic monoterpenes such as a-and B-pinene and d-3-carene, and lower concentration of monocyclic monoterpenes.
  • Turpentine Oil from Pulping Processes (TOPP) is a volatile oil extracted from various tree species. It consists of terpenes, mainly bicyclic monoterpenes such as alpha- and beta-pinene and delta-3-carene, and lower concentrations of monocyclic monoterpenes.
  • Turpentine, Oil
  • Turpentine, oil/ Pinus Pinaster, Pinaceae, distillate
  • Turpine Oil
  • Turpentine, oil
  • Turpentine, oil (Any of the volatile predominately terpenic fractions or distillates resulting from the solvent extraction of, gum collection from, or pulping of softwoods. Composed primarily of the C10H16 terpene hydrocarbons: α-pinene, β-pinene, limonene, 3-carene, camphene. May contain other acyclic, monocyclic, or bicyclic terpenes, oxygenated terpenes, and anethole. Exact composition varies with refining methods and the age, location, and species of the softwood source.)
  • Crude Sulfate Turpentine
  • Terpentin
  • Turpentine

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Natural substance (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-60 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
154 - 170 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
0.86 - 0.864 g/cm³ @ 20 - 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.864

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0.057 - 200 000 Pa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 10 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
3.9 - 200 000 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.78 - 6.3 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
351 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 6.4 - 6.5 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 10 summaries processed
Water solubility
50 - 29 000 000 µg/L @ 20 - 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
54.8 mN/m @ 307 mg/L and 21 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
54.8 mN/m @ 0.307 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Flash point
5 - 37 °C @ 99.78 - 103.26 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
5 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
270 °C @ 99.44 - 99.52 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
270 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Other:
0.935 - 4.576 [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Static viscosity at 20 °C
2.035 mm²/s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Half life in air
100.8 - 6 048 min
Degradation rate constant with OH radicals
0 - 0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 10 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (60%), Readily biodegradable but failing the 10-day window (10%), Inherently biodegradable, fulfilling specific criteria (10%), Inherently biodegradable, not fulfilling specific criteria (10%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (10%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Half-life in freshwater
15 - 300 days @ 12 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment
30 - 300 days @ 12 °C

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Half-life in soil
30 - 300 days @ 12 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
0.92 - 40 000

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
1.5 - 490 000

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
4.8 - 240 000

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 9 summaries processed
Henry's law constant
9.2 - 15 000 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 10 summaries submitted
  • 10 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 370 - 2 000 000 ng/L (9)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Marine water 37 - 200 000 ng/L (9)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (10)
Sediment (freshwater) 45 - 11 600 µg/kg sediment dw (9)
Sediment (marine water) 4.5 - 1 200 µg/kg sediment dw (9)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (10)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 5.5 - 1 800 µg/kg soil dw (9)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential to cause toxic effects if accumulated (in higher organisms) via the food chain (10)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 29 mg/L [1]
NOELR (4 days) 5 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
29 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (48 h) 6.4 mg/L [1]
NOELR (48 h) 1 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
6.4 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (72 h) 16.4 - 17.1 mg/L [2]
NOELR (72 h) 10 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
17.1 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
5 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 11 summaries submitted
  • 11 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 780 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 51.6 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.9 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 10.3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.6 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 9.51 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.17 mg/cm² repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 9.51 mg/cm² repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 18 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 120 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 110 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 590 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 4.6 mL/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 13.7 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 4 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 13 700 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 500 - 10 000 ppm [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 200 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 50 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 25 ppm [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 38.5 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 38.5 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant