Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Disodium dihydrogenpyrophosphate
  • IUPAC name: disodium dihydrogen (phosphonatooxy)phosphonate
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-835-0
CAS no.:
7758-16-9
Index number:
Molecular formula:
H2Na2O7P2
SMILES:
[H+].[H+].[Na+].[Na+].[O-]P([O-])(=O)OP([O-])([O-])=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2Na.H4O7P2/c;;1-8(2,3)7-9(4,5)6/h;;(H2,1,2,3)(H2,4,5,6)/q2*+1;/p-2 AuxInfo=1/1/N:3;4;6,7,9,11,12,13,8,5,10/E:;;(1,2,3,4,5,6)(8,9)/gE:;;(1,2)/rA:13H+H+Na+Na+POO-OO-PO-OO-/rB:;;;;d5;s5;s5;s5;s8;s10;d10;s10;/rC:0,-1.54,0;3.08,-1.54,0;6.16,-1.54,0;9.24,-1.54,0;13.86,-1.54,0;13.86,-3.08,0;13.86,0,0;15.4,-1.54,0;12.32,-1.54,0;16.94,-1.54,0;18.48,-1.54,0;16.94,-3.08,0;16.94,0,0;
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
7
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes serious eye irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance causes serious eye damage and is harmful if swallowed.

Breakdown of all 492 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Not Classified
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 7 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, adhesives and sealants and coating products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting) and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys), leather (e.g. gloves, shoes, purses, furniture), paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, hydraulic fluids, pH regulators and water treatment products, lubricants and greases and metal working fluids.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, mining and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, non-industrial spraying and mixing in open batch processes.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, hydraulic fluids, leather treatment products, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids, anti-freeze products, metals, water softeners and water treatment chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation in materials, in the production of articles and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, hydraulic fluids, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, lubricants and greases and metal working fluids.

This substance is used in the following areas: mining and formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, textile, leather or fur and pulp, paper and paper products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation in materials and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • "Alventa" Spółka Akcyjna, Karola Olszewskiego 25 32-566 Alwernia Małopolskie Poland
  • BK Giulini GmbH, Giulinistr. 2 67065 Ludwigshafen Rheinland Pfalz Germany
  • Chemische Fabrik Budenheim KG, Rheinstrasse 27 55257 Budenheim RLP Germany
  • Fosfa a.s., Hraniční 268 69141 Břeclav Czech Republic
  • Haifa North West Europe BVBA-SO, Generaal de Wittelaan 17, bus 16 B-2800 Mechelen Belgium
  • Omnisal GmbH, Dessauerstrasse 128 6886 Lutherstadt Wittenberg Germany
  • PRAYON S.A., 144, rue Joseph Wauters 4480 ENGIS Belgium

Other names

  • -
  • Dihydrogenopyrophosphate de disodium
  • disodium dihydrogen (phosphonatooxy)phosphonate
  • Disodium dihydrogen diphosphate
  • disodium dihydrogen pyrophosphate
  • Disodium dihydrogenpyrophosphate
  • disodium [hydroxy(oxido)phosphoryl] hydrogen phosphate
  • Pirofosforan disodu
  • Sodium acid pyrophosphate
  • Sodium acidpyrophosphate
  • Disodium dihydrogenpyrophosphate
  • Dinatriumphosphat
  • diphosphoric acid disodium salt
  • disodium diphosphate
  • Disodium pyrophosphate
  • Hi-B-281(/3)
  • Hi-R-221(/2)
  • Natriumpyrophosphat, sauer
  • PHOSKADENT Pyro S
  • Pirofosforan disodu
  • Prayphos SAPP Fin, LI
  • PURON
  • SAPP
  • SAPP-Gr
  • SAPP-Pw
  • Sodium acid pyrophopshate (SAPP)
  • Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate
  • Sodium Acid PyroPhosphate 15
  • Sodium Acid PyroPhosphate 28
  • Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate 28, semigranular
  • Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate 40
  • sodium pyrophosphate dibasic
  • TARGON 26

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Not specified (100%) [2]
C Odour
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
449.85 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Relative density
2.63 @ 22.5 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
170 g/L @ 20 °C and pH 3.8 - 3.9 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
170 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [2]
R Dissociation constant
0.9 - 9.42 @ 25 °C [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study 28
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life for hydrolysis
1.444 years @ 25 °C

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible 4
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 50 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 500 µg/L (1)
Marine water 5 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 50 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study 2 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
100 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 1 g/L [2]
NOEC (3 h) 1 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
1 g/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
1 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17.63 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4.35 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 300 - 2 440 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4 4
Weight of evidence 12 4 4
Other 2 2
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 580 mg/m³ air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4 7
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 500 mg/kg bw/day [2]
NOEL (rat): 250 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1 1
Supporting study 2 3
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 500 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 33 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study 6 4
Weight of evidence 8 4 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant