Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

No image available
  • EC / List name: Phosphorus
  • IUPAC name: phosphane
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-768-7
CAS no.:
7723-14-0; 12185-10-3
Index number:
015-001-00-1; 015-002-00-7
Molecular formula:
H3P
SMILES:
P
InChI:
InChI=1S/H3P/h1H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element, Inorganic
Registered compositions:
39
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is fatal if swallowed, is fatal if inhaled, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is very toxic to aquatic life and catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is a flammable solid and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

This substance is covered by several Harmonised Classifications and Labelling's (CLH) entries approved by the European Union. Differentiating between the different CLH's entries requires manual verification. To know more about the CLH please visit the C&L Inventory.

Breakdown of all 826 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Sol. 1 H228
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Skin Corr. 1A H314
Acute Tox. 2 H330
Not Classified
Pyr. Sol. 1 H250
Acute Tox. 1 H300
Acute Tox. 2 H300
STOT SE 1 H370
Self-heat. 1 H251
Eye Dam. 1 H318
STOT RE 2 H373
Acute Tox. 4 H312
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 44 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: welding & soldering products, metals, metal surface treatment products and metal working fluids.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, coating products, welding & soldering products and metal surface treatment products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), metals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, roller or brushing applications and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products and metal surface treatment products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, transfer of substance into small containers, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: metals and coating products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, machinery and vehicles, fabricated metal products and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting) and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not allow contact with air; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; wear respiratory protection; in case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Specific treatment is urgent (see label). If on skin: immerse in cool water or wrap in wet bandages. If exposed or you feel unwell: call a poison center or doctor/physician. If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. Collect spillage. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Storage statements

Store this substance contents under (given circumstances); locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AFFILIPS NV, Biezenstraat 26-31 3300 Tienen Belgium
  • ArcelorMittal Sourcing, 24-26, Boulevard d’Avranches L-1160 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Arrandene MFG Ltd, Breakspear Park Breakspear Way HP2 4TZ Hemel Hempstead Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • AURA METALS LTD, 9 Beauchamp Place Sw 3 1 NQ London London United Kingdom
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • CBMM Europe BV, Zuidplein 96 1077 XV Amsterdam Netherlands
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland Dublin Ardee Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Cheminova A/S, Thyborønvej 76-78 DK-7673 Harboøre Denmark
  • Clariant Plastics & Coatings (Deutschland) GmbH, Brüningstrasse 50 65929 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • coftech GmbH, Heinrich-Held-Strasse 33 45133 Essen Germany
  • COMETAL, S.A., José Lázaro Galdiano 4, 4ª Planta 28036 Madrid Spain
  • FELDER GMBH, Im Lipperfeld 11 46047 Oberhausen NRW Germany
  • FESIL SALES GmbH, Schifferstrasse 196 D-47059 Duisburg Germany
  • Filo Chemical bv, Mercuriusweg 15 A 4382 NC Vlissingen Netherlands
  • Fosfa a.s., Hraniční 268 69141 Břeclav Czech Republic
  • Gelpke and Bate Ltd, Camomile House, Kings Cross Lane South Nutfield Redhill Surrey United Kingdom
  • GfE-MIR GmbH, Berliner Allee 51-53 D-40212 Düsseldorf Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • HARRIS EURO, S.L.U., Arq. Ricard Giralt S/N nave 6 17600 Figueres / Girona Spain
  • Hitachi Metals Europe GmbH, Immermannstrasse 14-16 40210 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Höganäs Belgium SA, Ruelle Gros Pierre 10 B-7800 Ath Belgium
  • ICL-IP Bitterfeld GmbH, Rudolph-Glauber-Strasse 7 06749 Bitterfeld Germany
  • Italbras S.p.A., Strata del Balsego 6 36100 Vicenza Italy
  • Italmatch Chemicals Spa, Via Magazzini del Cotone 17 – modulo 4 16128 Genova Italy
  • Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany
  • LS Alloys Trading S.à r.l., Immeuble Solarwind 11, rue de l’Industrie 8399 Windhof Luxembourg
  • Meca-Trade OY, Mikkolantie 32 FIN-28130 Pori Finland
  • MINERALS & METALS ITALIA SPA, via Leopardi n. 26 24060 ROGNO BERGAMO Italy
  • PCC Rokita SA, Sienkiewicza 4 56-120 Brzeg Dolny Poland
  • PCC Rokita SA - OR1, Sienkiewicza 4 56-120 Brzeg Dolny Poland
  • Perimeter Solutions GmbH, Industriestrasse 300 Chemiepark Knapsack 50354 Hürth Germany
  • PMCtec GmbH, Braunfelser Strasse 8-12 35638 Leun Germany
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Remy GmbH & Co. KG, Pappelallee 28 22089 Hamburg Germany
  • Salzgitter Flachstahl GmbH, Eisenhuettenstrasse 99 38239 Salzgitter Germany
  • SAXONIA Technical Materials GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau Germany
  • Solvay Solutions UK Limited, 34 CLARENDON ROAD WD17 1JJ WATFORD Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Sumitomo Corporation Europe Limited, 68 Upper Thames Street EC4V 3BJ London United Kingdom
  • Toyota Tsusho Europe S.A., Belgicastraat 13 1930 Zaventem Belgium
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • IVICT Europe GmbH, Kennedydamm 19 40476 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Thermphos International B.V., Europaweg Zuid 4, Haven 9890, 4389 PD Ritthem / Vlissingen Netherlands

Other names

  • -
  • 015-002-00-7
  • Elemental phosphorus
  • Elemental phosphorus in alloys
  • Elemental phosphorus in alloys, phosphorus as alloying element.
  • Foszfor tartalmú ezüstötvözetek
  • P
  • P4
  • phophorus
  • Phosphane
  • phosphine
  • Phosphor
  • phosphore
  • Phosphorous
  • PHOSPHORUS
  • Phosphorus (white) - Alternative CAS Nos 7723-14-0 and 12185-10-3
  • phosphorus , red
  • Phosphorus, mol. (P4)
  • Phosphorus, Phosphore, Phosphine
  • phosphorus-
  • Phosporus Yellow/White (CAS: 12185-10-3)
  • Red Phosphorous
  • RED PHOSPHORUS
  • Roter Phosphor
  • Tricyclo[1.1.0.0~2,4~]tetraphosphane
  • white / yellow phosphorus
  • White phosphorous
  • White Phosphorus
  • white phsophors
  • White/Yellow Phosphorus
  • White/Yellow Phosphorus, P4
  • Yellow Phosphorus
  • Phosphorus
  • red phosphorus
  • white phosphorus
  • Bílý fosfor
  • ferro phosphorus
  • Ferro-phosphorus
  • PHOSPHORUS
  • Phosphorus white, molten
  • Phosphorus white, solid
  • Phosphorus Yellow/White
  • Phosphorus, white
  • Phosphorus, yellow
  • tetraphosphorus
  • White Phosphorus
  • Yellow Phosphorus
  • Žlutý fosfor
  • red phosphorus

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Crystalline (50%), Other (50%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
44.1 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
44.1 - 44.1 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
280 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
280 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
1.83 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.83

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
3.466 - 24.131 Pa @ 20 - 44.1 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
3.47 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0 - 3 300 000 ng/L @ 15 - 20 °C and pH 6 - 6.9 [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
3.3 mg/L @ 15 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
30 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
30.05 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Highly flammable (50%), Non flammable (50%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (50%), No information available (50%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 2.5 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 2.5 ng/L (1)
Marine water 0.25 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sediment (freshwater) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (2)
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.3 - 100 000 µg/L [8]
LC50 (48 h) 14.4 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
2.3 µg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
14 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 30 µg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 30 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 1 g/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 1 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 78.16 - 10 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 97.95 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5 555.6 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 28.99 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 333.3 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 33.33 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
Low bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 100 %
Dermal: 50 %
Inhalation: 100 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 3.03 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 1 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.75 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 3.03 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (rat): 0.065 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant