Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Vanadium
  • IUPAC name: vanadium
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-171-1
CAS no.:
7440-62-2
Index number:
Molecular formula:
V
SMILES:
[V]
InChI:
InChI=1S/V
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
25
Of which contain:
2 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 492 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 52 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: metals and welding & soldering products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, semiconductors and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles, metals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), mixing in open batch processes, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: metals, laboratory chemicals, welding & soldering products, metal surface treatment products, semiconductors and coating products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting) and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, metal surface treatment products, semiconductors, laboratory chemicals and coating products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work, municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products, metals, machinery and vehicles, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, production of metal powders (hot processes), production of metal powders (wet processes) and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders) and calendering operations.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and formulation of mixtures.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AFFILIPS NV, Biezenstraat 26-31 3300 Tienen Belgium
  • ALLOYS OU, Luha 18-8 10131 Tallinn Estonia
  • AMG Aluminum UK Limited, Fullerton Road Rotherham S60 1DL Rotherham South Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited 07, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Arcam AB, Krokslätts Fabriker 27A 431 37 Mölndal Sweden
  • ASTURIANA DE ALEACIONES,S.A., PG. IND. MAQUA, S/N APDO. 371 33400 AVILES ASTURIAS Spain
  • Avon Metals Ltd, Ashville Road Bristol Road GL2 5DA Gloucester Gloucestershire United Kingdom
  • Belmet Handelsgesellschaft m.b.H., Gruberstraße 2-4 4020 Linz Austria
  • CCMA Europe B.V., Plaza 6 4782 SK Moerdijk The Netherlands Netherlands
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Unit 1 Ardee Business Park, Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • CRONIMET Ferroleg. GmbH, Südbeckenstraße 22 76189 Karlsruhe Germany
  • Dalmine SpA, Piazza Caduti 6 luglio 1944, n.1 24044 Dalmine BG Italy
  • Electro Optical Systems Finland Oy, Lemminkäisenkatu 36 20520 Turku Finland
  • ERASTEEL, Tour Maine Montparnasse 33 Avenue du Maine 75755 PARIS Cedex 15 France
  • Euromet International s.r.o., Máchova 838/18, Vinohrady 120 00 Praha 2 Czech Republic
  • Forgital Italy S.p.A., Via Spezzapria 1 36010 Seghe di Velo d'Astico VI Italy
  • GfE Metalle und Materialien GmbH, Hoefener Str. 45 90431 Nuernberg Bavaria Germany
  • GfE Metalle und Materialien GmbH - OR, Hoefener Str. 45 90431 Nuernberg Germany
  • GfE-MIR GmbH, Berliner Allee 51-53 D-40212 Düsseldorf Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Grondmet GmbH & Co. KG, Luegallee 79 40545 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Hempel Metallurgical GmbH, Klaus-Bungert-Straße 5a 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Germany
  • Hoeganaes Corporation Europe S.A., 33 Urziceni Street 120226 Buzau Buzau Romania
  • HOESCH Metals and Alloys, Neue Strasse 21 52332 Niederzier Germany
  • Industrie-Rohstoffe GmbH, Beckmannsbusch 88 45133 Essen Germany
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZI ECOPARC II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • KBM Master Alloys, Waalkade 2 5347 KS Oss Netherlands
  • KITE METALS sarl, 13 Rue de l'Industrie 8399 Windhof Luxembourg
  • LL-resources GmbH, Grieskai 94/4 OG 8020 Graz Austria
  • MBR Metals, Moisa 4 13522 Tallinn Estonia
  • Metherma KG, Arnheimer Strasse 109 40489 Düsseldorf Germany
  • METRACO NV, Spinnerijkaai 45 / 203 8500 Kortrijk Belgium
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(082) Germany
  • Pangang Europe GmbH, Graf-Adolf-Platz 15 40213 Düsseldorf Germany
  • RTI Europe Ltd., Alcoa House 26 a, Atlas Way S4 7QQ Sheffield United Kingdom
  • Scandinavian Steel AB, Birger Jarlsgatan 15 111 45 Stockholm Sweden
  • SGS EWACS NV 16, Keetberglaan 4 Haven 1091 9120 Melsele Antwerp Belgium
  • SSAB Europe Oy, Harvialantie 420 FI13300 HÄMEENLINNA Finland
  • Steptoe & Johnson LLP, Av Louise, 489 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • Steptoe & Johnson LLP, Avenue Louise 489 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • Timet UK Limited, The Hub Holford Road, off Witton Road B6 7UR Witton Birmingham United Kingdom
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • UKTMPI, 17 Hanover Square W1S 1HU London United Kingdom
  • Valmet Ltd, Waterside Business Park, Johnson Road BB3 3BA Darwen United Kingdom
  • Wogen Resources Ltd, 4, The Sanctuary Westminster SW1P 3JS London United Kingdom
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • H.C. Starck GmbH, Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany

Other names

  • Elemental Vanadium in Ferrovanadium
  • elemental vanadium metall
  • Ferrovanadium
  • V
  • V metal
  • Vanadium
  • Vanadium (as Ferrovanadium)
  • Vanadium in alloys
  • Vanadium in Ferrovanadium
  • vanadium(2+)
  • Ferro Vanadium
  • Ferro-Vanadium
  • Ferrovanadium
  • Ferrovanadium alloy
  • High Speed Steel
  • Tool Steel
  • Vanadium

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [3]
C Form
Other (60%), Crystalline (20%), Powder (20%) [5]
C Odour
Other (100%) [3]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 880 - 1 910 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
1 910 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
3 407 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
3 407 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
6.333 - 6.57 g/cm³ @ 20 - 22.7 °C [2]
R Relative density
6.376 - 6.57 @ 20 - 22.7 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
6.57

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
137.9 - 155.9 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 5.8 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 34
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
12.3 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 10
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 30 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 28
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 6.93 µg/L (1)
Marine water 2.5 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 450 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 240 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 79 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 7.2 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 167 µg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 26 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 693 - 27 800 µg/L [2]
LC50 (72 h) 732 - 27 800 µg/L [2]
LC50 (48 h) 1.398 - 30.7 mg/L [2]
LC50 (24 h) 9.005 - 44 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 15
Weight of evidence
Other 9
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
693 µg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
27.8 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.2 months) 1.5 mg/L [1]
NOEC (3.167 months) 1.5 mg/L [1]
NOEC (70 days) 480 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 41 µg/L [1]
NOEC (28 days) 480 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
76 µg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 1.52 - 13.3 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
1.52 mg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
13.3 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.267 months) 560 - 1 000 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
560 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 989.4 - 2 907 µg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 16.8 µg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 716 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
2.907 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
716 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]
EC10 (3 h) 4.5 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
4.5 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (56 days) 22 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 2 - 81 mg/kg soil dw [12]
EC10 (28 days) 54 mg/kg soil ww [2]
LC50 (28 days) 340 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 96 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 3 - 492 mg/kg soil dw [12]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (45 days) 97 - 110 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 28 mg/kg soil dw [10]
EC10 (14 days) 11 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [16]
EC10 (5 days) 24 - 370 mg/kg soil dw [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
97 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (60 days) 80 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 3.2 - 122 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 122 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (24 h) 3.2 - 1 650 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 35 - 960 mg/kg soil dw [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / NOEC
122 mg/kg soil dw

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 5 mg/kg diet [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 17
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
5 mg/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence 1 7
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Absorption values
Oral: 1 %
Dermal: 0.1 %
Inhalation: 0.5 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.05 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed Discriminating dose 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 780 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1 10
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 7
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant