Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Silver
  • IUPAC name: silver
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-131-3
CAS no.:
7440-22-4
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Ag
SMILES:
[Ag]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Ag
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
79
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is very toxic to aquatic life and is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 1983 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
STOT RE 1 H372
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
Carc. 2 H351
STOT SE 1 H370
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Acute Tox. 4 H332
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 89 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 - 1 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection, food and animals feeds, drinking water, preservation for liquid systems.

This substance is used in the following products: metals and welding & soldering products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), electrical batteries and accumulators and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

This substance is used in the following products: welding & soldering products, metals, metal surface treatment products, semiconductors, adhesives and sealants, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), coating products, laboratory chemicals, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids and pharmaceuticals.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: electrical, electronic and optical equipment, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles, metals and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, laboratory work, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications and lubrication at high energy conditions and in partly open process.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: metals, welding & soldering products, adhesives and sealants, polymers and coating products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, metals, welding & soldering products, adhesives and sealants, coating products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), laboratory chemicals, lubricants and greases, metal working fluids and pharmaceuticals.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: electrical, electronic and optical equipment, metals, chemicals and fabricated metal products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), mixing in open batch processes, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), production of metal powders (wet processes), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature and production of metal powders (hot processes).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: avoid release to the environment.

Response statements

In case of incident: Collect spillage.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • A.M.P.E.R.E. INDUSTRIE, 5-7 Rue de Bretagne P.A. des Béthunes 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMONE VAL D'OISE France
  • Allgemeine Gold- und Silberscheideanstalt AG, 17 Kanzlerstrasse PO Box 10 01 40 75175 Pforzheim Germany
  • Ames Goldsmith UK Ltd, C/O adams & Co accountants 2 millers bridge L20 8LH Liverpool United Kingdom
  • Ames Goldsmith UK Ltd, Unit 2, Freeport Industrial Park Seaforth L21 1JD Liverpool Merseyside United Kingdom
  • Aurubis AG, Hovestrasse 50 20539 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • BASF Antwerpen N.V., Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Antwerpen Belgium
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Berzelius Stolberg GmbH, Binsfeldhammer 14 52224 Stolberg Germany
  • Boliden Harjavalta Oy, Teollisuuskatu 1 29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Boliden Mineral AB, Rönnskärsverken 93281 Skelleftehamn Sweden
  • Britannia Refined Metals Ltd., Botany Road Northfleet DA11 9BG Gravesend Kent United Kingdom
  • C. Hafner GmbH + Co. KG, Maybachstr. 4 71299 Wimsheim Germany
  • Cabro spa, via Setteponti 141 52100 Arezzo Italy
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED(SHENZHEN SENLONT ELECTRONIC CO., LTD), Unit 1 Ardee Business Park,Hale Street Co. Louth Ardee Ireland
  • Chimet s.p.a., Via dei Laghi 31/33 52041 Badia al Pino (AR) Toscana Italy
  • Clariant SE - SDCI, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Commerzbank AG, 25, rue Edward Steichen L-2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Commerzbank AG Luxembourg Branch, 25, Rue Edward Steichen 2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CRI Catalyst Company Belgium NV, Ringvaartweg-Wondelgem, 4 B-9032 Wondelgem Belgium
  • CRI Catalyst Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • DODUCO Contacts and Refining GmbH, Im Altgefäll 12 75181 Pforzheim Germany
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Fenix Metals Sp. z o.o, Ul. Strefowa 13 39-442 Chmielów Poland
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • GGP Metalpowder AG, Kaiserstrasse 30 90763 Fürth Bayern Germany
  • Glencore Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore International Import BV, Blaak 31 3011 GA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Glencore Nikkelverk AS, Vesterveien 31 4606 Kristiansand Norway
  • HARRIS EURO, S.L.U., Arq. Ricard Giralt S/N nave 6 17600 Figueres / Girona Spain
  • Heimerle-Meule GmbH, Dennigstraße 16 75179 Pforzheim Germany
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Heraeus Deutschland GmbH & Co. KG, Heraeusstr. 12-14 63450 Hanau Germany
  • Heraeus Metals Germany GmbH & Co. KG, Heraeusstr. 12-14 63450 Hanau Germany
  • Hitachi Chemical Europe GmbH, Berliner Allee 22 40212 Duesseldorf Germany Germany
  • HSBC Bank plc, 8 Canada Square E14 5HQ London United Kingdom
  • HSBC Bank USA NA (London Branch), 8 Canada Square E14 5HQ London United Kingdom
  • Indium Corporation of Europe, 7 Newmarket Court MK 10 OAG Milton Keynes Buckingham United Kingdom
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd 13, Caleb Brett House 734 London Road RM20 3NL West Thurrock, Grays Essex United Kingdom
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd 28, Caleb Brett House 734 London Road RM20 3NL West Thurrock, Grays Essex United Kingdom
  • J.P. Morgan Commodities Holdings IV B.V., Fred. Roeskestraat 123 1076 EE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • JACOBI CARBONS FRANCE SASU, 261 boulevard Voltaire 75011 Paris France
  • Johnson Matthey plc, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • KCM S.A., Assenovgradsko shosse 4009 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • KGHM Polska Miedz S.A., ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 48 59-301 Lubin Poland
  • KTR Europe GmbH, Mergenthalerallee 77 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Lucas-Milhaupt Riberac, ZAE Chaumes BP 27 24600 Riberac France
  • Montanwerke Brixlegg AG, Werkstraße 1 6230 Brixlegg Tirol Austria
  • Murata Electronics Europe B.V., Wegalaan 2 2132 JC Hoofddorp Netherlands
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy (POLAR), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy(KR), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy(U), Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • Portovesme s.r.l., S.P. n. 2 Carbonia-Portoscuso km 16.5 09010 Portoscuso Carbonia-Iglesias Italy
  • PX France Sàrl, Valparc 327B Route de Valparc F-74330 Poisy France
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • RICHEMONT SERVICES B.V., HERENGRACHT 00436 1017 BZ AMSTERDAM Netherlands
  • Safimet spa, Loc. San Zeno, 63/E 52100 Arezzo Italy Italy
  • SAFINA,a.s., Vídeňská 104 25250 Vestec, Jesenice Czech Republic Czech Republic
  • SAFT SAS, 26 Quai Charles Pasqua 92300 LEVALLOIS-PERRET France
  • SAXONIA Technical Materials GmbH, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau Germany
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Schöne Edelmetaal B.V., 81-83 Rokin NL-1012 KL Amsterdam Netherlands
  • SEMPSA JOYERÍA PLATERÍA, S.A., AVDA. DE LA DEMOCRACIA, 13 28031 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • SFPZ Luxembourg, Parc d'Activité Syrdall 2 18-20 rue Gabriel Lippmann L-5365 Munsbach - Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Sicpa Spain S.L., C/ República Dominicana, 6. Pol. Ind. El Olivar CP 28806 Alcalá de Henares ( Madrid ) Spain
  • Sovitec Belgium SA - OR1, Avenue du Marquis 4 6220 Fleurus Belgium
  • Studio Murgia SAS, via Mugiasca 8 22100 Como Italy Italy
  • SYNTHRON, 6 rue Barbès B. P. 177 92305 LEVALLOIS-PERRET France
  • TCA spa, Zona Industriale Castelluccio n°11 52010 Capolona Tuscany Italy
  • The ScotiaMocatta division of The Bank of Nova Scotia's permanent establishment in the UK, 201 Bishopsgate 6th Floor EC2M 3NS London United Kingdom
  • Traxys Europe SA, 19-21 Route Arlon same L-8009 Strassen Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, Westendstraße 199 80686 München Germany
  • UBS AG London Branch, 1 Finsbury Avenue EC2M 2PP London United Kingdom
  • UMICORE AG & Co. KG, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4 63457 Hanau-Wolfgang Germany
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Umicore Thin Film Products AG, Alte Landstrasse 8 FL-9496 Balzers Liechtenstein
  • UOP B.V.B.A., Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • Vale Europe Limited, Acton Refinery Bashley Road NW10 6SN London GB United Kingdom
  • Weser-Metall GmbH, Johannastrasse 2 26954 Nordenham Germany
  • Yordas Limited, Lancaster Environment Centre Lancaster University LA1 4YQ Lancaster United Kingdom
  • Ögussa Österreichische Gold- und Silber-Scheideanstalt GmbH, 4 Liesinger Flurgasse Postfach 1 1235 Wien Austria
  • BASF Italia S.p.A., Via Marconato 8 20811 Cesano Maderno Italy
  • BASF Metals Ltd., Heron Tower, 21st Floor, 110 Bishopsgate EC2N 4AY London United Kingdom
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • UMICORE Autocat France, Zone Industrielle Sainte Agathe 57190 Florange France
  • UMICORE Autocat Sweden AB, 24 Hangarvägen SE-69135 Karlskoga Karlskoga Sweden

Other names

  • -
  • Ag
  • Ag Granalien, Fine silver, Silver bullion, Silver granules
  • Fine silver
  • Silver
  • Silver Co-registrant update 2015
  • Silver Flake AG
  • silver(1+)
  • Silver
  • Silver, as a nanomaterial
  • 1520D
  • Ag Granalien
  • Ag-C-GS
  • AG-CO
  • Ag-E 350
  • AgC-A
  • Algaedyn
  • Algaesil
  • ARGENTO
  • Argentum
  • Argentum crede
  • Astroflake 5
  • AX 10C
  • AY 6010
  • AY 6080
  • BRM001
  • BRM017
  • BRM073
  • C 200
  • C 200 (metal)
  • C-pigment 2
  • C.I. 77820
  • C.I. 77820 (INCI)
  • Carey Lea silver
  • CI 77820
  • D 25
  • D 25 (metal)
  • Dotite XA 208
  • E 174
  • E 20
  • E 20 (metal)
  • Electrodag 24501
  • Electrodag 415
  • Electrodag 415C
  • Electrodag 438
  • FA 312
  • Farbstoff E 174
  • Fine silver
  • G 13
  • G 13 (metal)
  • HCF 38
  • Impure Silver Ingot
  • Jelcon SH 1
  • JL 43155AS
  • JL 43176
  • KS
  • KS (metal)
  • L 3
  • L 3 (element)
  • L-3
  • LS 500
  • Metz 25B
  • Metz 3000-1
  • Metz 56
  • MMC-SF 25
  • MMC-SF 53
  • PS 652
  • Puff Silver X 1200
  • płatki srebra
  • QS 175
  • Rohsilber
  • RT 1710S
  • RT 1710S-C1
  • SD
  • SD (metal)
  • SF 135
  • Shell Silver
  • Silber
  • Silber Kristalle 5N
  • Silber Schuppen; 99% Active Matter; active substance
  • Silbest TCG 1
  • Silbest TCG 7 N; 99% Active Matter; active substance
  • Silcoat AgC-A
  • Silcoat AgC-B
  • Silcoat AgC-GS
  • Silcoat AgC-O
  • Silflake (135)
  • Silflake 135
  • Silpowder (130)
  • Silpowder 130
  • Silpowder; 99% Active Matter; active substance
  • Silver
  • Silver (metallic)
  • Silver atom
  • silver bullion
  • Silver colloidal
  • Silver element
  • Silver Flakes SF 15; 100% Active Matter; active substance
  • Silver Flakes SF 25
  • Silver Flakes SF 52
  • Silver granules
  • Silver Ingot
  • silver ingots
  • Silver Powder
  • Silver, metal
  • Silvest TCG 1
  • SPS 100
  • SR 999
  • SrA-1
  • SrA-2
  • SrCH-1
  • SrCH-2
  • SS 24656
  • SS 24667
  • Syndox
  • TC 20E
  • TCG 7R
  • V9

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Compact (50%), Powder (50%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Element (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
961.93 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
961.93 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
2 187 - 2 212 °C @ 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
2 187 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
10.5

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.013 Pa @ 840 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
30 ng/L

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 18 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 39
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 40 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 860 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 25 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 438.13 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 438.13 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1.41 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 59 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1.2 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 57 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (7.233 months) 190 - 1 230 ng/L [3]
EC10 (6.533 months) 170 - 630 ng/L [3]
EC10 (34 days) 950 - 1 410 ng/L [2]
EC10 (33 days) 550 - 590 ng/L [2]
EC10 (32 days) 440 ng/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 11
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 92 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 220 ng/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 91
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 29 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.973 years) 5 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 8.6 µg/L [1]
NOEC (28 days) 19 µg/L [1]
NOEC (21 days) 57 - 23 000 ng/L [8]
NOEC (20 days) 310 ng/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 15
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 15.7 - 5 360 ng/L [12]
NOEC (72 h) 3 - 1 390 000 ng/L [12]
LOEC (72 h) 3 - 5 180 ng/L [12]
EC10 (15 days) 160 - 660 ng/L [4]
EC10 (72 h) 1.4 - 21 570 ng/L [13]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 8 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (21 days) 14.8 µg/L [1]
EC10 (7 days) 6.4 - 16.67 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 34 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 33
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 11.2 - 39 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 8.38 - 226 mg/kg soil dw [8]
EC10 (70 days) 200 - 67 000 µg/kg soil dw [5]
EC10 (56 days) 15.05 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (28 days) 5.3 - 254 mg/kg soil dw [19]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (17 days) 160 - 7 140 µg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (17 days) 130 - 10 030 µg/kg soil dw [5]
EC10 (5 days) 700 - 301 000 µg/kg soil dw [48]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 130 µg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (28 days) 300 - 488 000 µg/kg soil dw [19]
EC10 (14 days) 3.8 - 29 mg/kg soil dw [6]
EC50 (28 days) 100 - 397 mg/kg soil dw [6]
EC50 (14 days) 36 - 242 mg/kg soil dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 41 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 28 4
Weight of evidence
Other 8 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 1 %
Dermal: 1 %
Inhalation: 1 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 - 5 110 mg/kg bw (rat) [8]
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (mouse) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [5]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.16 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 30 - 515.3 mg/kg bw/day [3]
LOAEL (rat): 125 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 8 2
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 30 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 133 µg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 17
Other 12
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 250 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 64.6 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant