Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
215-477-2
CAS no.:
1327-41-9
Index number:
Molecular formula:
AlCl2HO
SMILES:
[OH-].[Al+3].[Cl-].[Cl-]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Al.2ClH.H2O/h;2*1H;1H2/q+3;;;/p-3
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Registered compositions:
37
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, causes serious eye damage and may be corrosive to metals.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful if swallowed.

Breakdown of all 505 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Met. Corr. 1 H290
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Skin Corr. 1A H314
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 56 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 - 1 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, textile treatment products and dyes, paper chemicals and dyes, water treatment chemicals, washing & cleaning products, coating products and water softeners.

This substance is used in the following areas: printing and recorded media reproduction and mining. This substance is used for the manufacture of: textile, leather or fur, pulp, paper and paper products and chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, laboratory work, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, paper chemicals and dyes, coating products, leather treatment products, textile treatment products and dyes and washing & cleaning products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, laboratory work and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, pH regulators and water treatment products, paper chemicals and dyes, leather treatment products, textile treatment products and dyes, coating products, washing & cleaning products and water treatment chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: printing and recorded media reproduction, mining and municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: pulp, paper and paper products, chemicals, textile, leather or fur and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Aliada Quimica de Portugal Lda., Quinta da Industria - Beduido PT-3860 Estarreja Portugal
  • ALTAIR CHIMICA SPA, VIA MOIE VECCHIE 13 56048 SALINE DI VOLTERRA (PI) Italy
  • ALUCOM AG, Giulinistraße 2 D-67065 Ludwigshafen Germany
  • ALUMICHEM A/S, Stejlhøj 16 4400 Kalundborg Denmark
  • Aquacenic Iberica SL, Calle Serrano, 45, 2º 28001 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • Archroma Germany GmbH, Kasteler Str. 45 65203 Wiesbaden Germany
  • BIO-LINE CHEMICALS SRL, Via Curioni 3 26832 Galgagnano (LO) Italy
  • CHIMICA Dr. FR. D'AGOSTINO S.p.A., Via G. Murari, 3 (Z.I.) 70132 Bari Italy - IT Italy
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • DEKITRA S.A., Ctra. Miranda de Ebro a Puentelarrá km.5 Pol. Ind. Lantarón 01213 LANTARON Alava Spain
  • Donau Chemie Aktiengesellschaft, Am Heumarkt 10 1037 Vienna Vienna Austria
  • Donauchem Vegyianyag Kereskedelmi Kft, Bányalég u. 37-43 1225 Budapest Hungary
  • EcoloChem GmbH, Bahnhofstrasse 10. DE-08134 Langenweißbach Germany
  • EcoloChem Magyaróvár Kft., Timföldgyari u. 13.B.ep 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár Hungary
  • Elkem ASA, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • ExxonMobil Chemical France SARL, Tour Manhattan, 5/6, Place de l'Iris 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Feralco Iberia SAU, Erbeta 3-5 ES-20260 Alegia, Gipuzkoa Spain
  • Feralco Italia Srl, Via L. da Vinci 3/7 IT-57123 Livorno Italy
  • Feralco Nederland BV, Westkade 38a NL-4551 BV Sas van Gent Netherlands
  • Feralco Nordic AB, Lilleviksvagen SE-29435 Solvesborg Sweden
  • Ferrecirk Kft., Vasmű tér 1-3. H2400 Dunaújváros Fejér Hungary
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • Industrial Chemicals Limited, Titan Works Hogg Lane RM17 5DU Grays Essex United Kingdom
  • International Flavours & Fragrances I.F.F. (Great Britain) Ltd., Duddery Hill CB9 8LG Haverhill United Kingdom
  • ITALCHEMICAL INDUSTRIALE S.R.L., VIA consortile n.18/20 03013 FERENTINO (FR) Italy
  • Kemipol Sp. Z o.o., ul. Kuznicka 6 PL-72010 Police Poland
  • Kemira Chemicals (UK) Ltd, Bowling Park Drive UK-BD4 7TT Bradford West Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Kemira Chemicals AS, Oraveien 14 1631 Gamle Fredrikstad Norway
  • Kemira Chemie GesmbH, Hafenstrasse 77 AT-3500 KREMS Austria
  • Kemira Chimie S.A.S.U., Route de Mothern, Zone Portuaire FR-67630 LAUTERBOURG France
  • Kemira Germany GmbH, Marie-Curie-Strasse 10 Innovationspark D-51377 Leverkusen Germany
  • Kemira Ibérica S.A., Gran Via Corts Catalanes 641 ES-08010 BARCELONA Spain
  • Kemira Kemi AB, Industrigatan 83 SE-25109 HELSINGBORG Sweden
  • Kemira Oyj, Energiakatu 4 P.O.Box 330 FI-00101 HELSINKI Finland
  • Kemira Rotterdam B.V., Botlekweg 175 (Harbour number 4501) P.O. Box 5020 NL-3197 XE Botlek-Rotterdam Netherlands
  • LANXESS Organometallics GmbH, Justus-von-Liebig Str. 1620 59192 Bergkamen 05 Germany
  • LUBRICO - A.TSAKALIS Ltd, 10 Km Elefsinas - Dervenoxorion 19018 Magoula Greece
  • MARCHI INDUSTRIALE SPA, via Trento 16 50139 FIRENZE TOSCANA Italy
  • MASNATA CHIMICI S.p.A., Via della Rinascita, n. 7 09030 ELMAS (CA) Italy
  • Nord Chemical Products s.r.l., Via Papa Giovanni XXIII, 94/D 24121 Bergamo Italy
  • PAPELQUIMIA, S.A., Camp Madà 11 17850 BESALU GIRONA Spain
  • PCAS, 21 Chemin de la Sauvegarde 21 Ecully Parc - CS33167 69134 ECULLY France
  • Produits Chimiques de Loos SAS, 22, rue Clémenceau - BP 39 FR-59374 Loos Nord Pas-de-Calais France
  • QUÍMICA DEL CINCA, S.L., Avda. Diagonal 352 08013 Barcelona Barcelona Spain
  • Rich.Steinebach GmbH & Co. KG, Lösenbacher Landstr. 170 58509 Lüdenscheid NRW Germany
  • SC Kemcristal SRL, 51, Muncii Street RO-915200 Fundulea City Calarasi County Romania
  • Secam srl, Via Vicoli 93/A 48124 Ravenna Italy
  • SNF COAGULANTS SAS, Route de Haslach ZI de l'Europort 57500 Saint-Avold France
  • SOCIETA' CHIMICA BUSSI S.P.A., Piazzale Elettrochimica 1 65022 Bussi sul Tirino Italy
  • Solvay Chemie B.V., SCHEPERSWEG 1 6049 HERTEN Netherlands
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • TDK FOIL ITALY SPA, Via E.C.H. Rosenthal 5 20089 Rozzano Italy
  • Unichem Kft., Tanya 491 6760 Kistelek Hungary
  • UNICO COAGULANTES UNIVERSALES S.L., Carretera de Turégano a Navas de Oro, Km 1 40280 Navalmanzano Segovia Spain
  • Venator Wasserchemie GmbH, Zeppelinstr. 23 49479 Ibbenbüren Germany
  • VízTEC Víztechnológiai Zrt., Külterület hrsz 013/68. H-2363 Felsőpakony Pest Hungary
  • Nouryon Finland Oy, Rälssintie 7 C 01510 VANTAA Finland
  • Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.A., Viale Lombardia 20 20021 BOLLATE Italy

Substance names and other identifiers

Aluminium chloride basic
Substance Evaluation - CoRAP
Aluminum chloride, basic
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
ACH, PAC, Aluminium chloride hydroxide, Polyaluminium chloride.
Registration dossier
Aluminium chloride
Registration dossier
Aluminium Chloride, Basic
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Aluminium chlorohydrate
C&L Inventory
Aluminium Hydroxy Chloride
Registration dossier
Aluminium Trichloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
aluminium(3+) dichloride hydroxide
Registration dossier, Other
aluminium(3+) ion trichloride
C&L Inventory
Aluminium(3+)ion dichloride hydroxide
Registration dossier
Aluminum Chloride Basic
Registration dossier
Aluminum chlorohydrate
C&L Inventory
Aluminum trichloride
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
chlorure d'aluminium
C&L Inventory
MO-PAC 18S, MO-PAC 14 HBL
Registration dossier
not applicable
Registration dossier
PAC
Registration dossier
Polialumínium-klorid oldat
Registration dossier
Policloruro de Aluminio
Registration dossier
Poly aluminium chloride (PAC)
Registration dossier
Polyaluminium chloride, PAC
Registration dossier
Polyaluminiumchloride
Registration dossier
POLYALUMINUM CHLORIDE HYDROXIDE
C&L Inventory
Polyaluminum chloride, PAC
Registration dossier
Steinfloc PAC
Registration dossier
trichloroalumane
C&L Inventory
Aluminium chloride, aqueous solution
Registration dossier
AQUAFLOC P18
Registration dossier
DKFLOC 1018
Registration dossier
Ekofix
Registration dossier
EPOCA18
Registration dossier
FLOQUAT™ PAC 18
Registration dossier
ICLOR
Registration dossier
Polyaluminium Chloride
Registration dossier
Povimal
Registration dossier
Sachpur
Registration dossier
Sachtoklar
Registration dossier
Substance only available in mixtures
Registration dossier
Unipac W2
Registration dossier
101707-17-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
11097-68-0
Deleted CAS number
Other
1123762-30-0
Deleted CAS number
Other
114442-10-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
1327-41-9
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other
135864-70-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
143230-54-0
Deleted CAS number
Other
144388-28-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
162535-15-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
167140-05-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
1709832-51-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
245064-40-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
32056-15-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
37226-46-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
39380-80-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
56803-01-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
56831-66-4
Deleted CAS number
Other
64441-77-6
Deleted CAS number
Other
672263-85-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
745062-58-2
Deleted CAS number
Other
79586-02-0
Deleted CAS number
Other
8012-66-6
Deleted CAS number
Other
808739-25-5
Deleted CAS number
Other
84861-98-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
851541-97-4
Deleted CAS number
Other
929897-91-6
Deleted CAS number
Other
929897-93-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
929898-03-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
929898-04-4
Deleted CAS number
Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-90 °C @ 101 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
75 - 175 °C @ 101 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
1.36 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
1.36 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.36

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
1 - 100 000 Pa @ 58.4 - 180.5 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.001 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1 000 g/L @ 20 °C and pH 2.4 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
73.6 mN/m @ 1 g/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
73.6 mN/m @ 1 000 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning Insufficient hazard data available (further information necessary) (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 420 - 87 500 µg/L [3]
EC50 (4 days) 156 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 156 - 1 000 000 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 17 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (60 days) 13 - 26 µg/L [7]
NOEC (33 days) 71.5 - 558.1 µg/L [7]
NOEC (7 days) 25.1 - 56 480 µg/L [29]
LOEC (33 days) 139.4 - 1 104.6 µg/L [7]
LOEC (7 days) 44.4 - 91 420 µg/L [31]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 16
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 200 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 150 - 160 000 µg/L [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study 7 1
Weight of evidence
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 232.6 - 453.8 µg/L [4]
NOEC (30 days) 1.092 - 2.099 mg/L [2]
NOEC (28 days) 53.1 - 4 281.8 µg/L [4]
NOEC (17 days) 962.5 µg/L [1]
NOEC (10 days) 1.1 - 4.282 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 6
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 460 - 570 µg/L [2]
EC50 (72 h) 40 - 644 µg/L [4]
NOEC (72 h) 20 - 46 µg/L [4]
EC10 (72 h) 15 - 140 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 8.643 - 15.966 mg/L [3]
NOEC (7 days) 2.76 mg/L [3]
NOEC (4 days) 45.7 mg/L [1]
LOEC (7 days) 5.314 mg/L [3]
EC10 (7 days) 2.175 - 4.545 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 4.4 - 1 000 mg/L [4]
EC10 (3 h) 4.4 - 1 000 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
200 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 232.6 - 453.8 µg/L [4]
NOEC (30 days) 1.092 - 2.099 mg/L [2]
NOEC (28 days) 53.1 - 4 281.8 µg/L [4]
NOEC (17 days) 962.5 µg/L [1]
NOEC (10 days) 1.1 - 4.282 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 100 mg/kg soil dw [3]
EC50 (18 days) 197 - 883 mg/kg soil dw [3]
LC50 (21 days) 589 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (18 days) 457 - 4 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 16.4 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4.6 mg/kg bw/day neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 mg/m³ neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.32 mg/kg bw/day neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.3 mg/kg bw/day neurotoxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
Low bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 0.054 %
Dermal: 1 %
Inhalation: 1 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 300 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5 000 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 18 - 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [6]
LOAEL (rat): 90 - 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1 2 4
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other 3 2 5
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 850 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, mouse)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 4 2 2
Supporting study 3 3
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2 2 1
Supporting study 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other 4 17
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 5.41 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 93 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 16
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 93 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant