Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Lanthanum oxide
  • IUPAC name: dilanthanum(3+) trioxidandiide
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-200-5
CAS no.:
1312-81-8
Index number:
Molecular formula:
La2O3
SMILES:
[O--].[O--].[O--].[La+3].[La+3]
InChI:
InChI=1S/2La.3O/q2*+3;3*-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
11
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 652 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Not Classified
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 28 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, manufacturing of the substance and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, electrical batteries and accumulators and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, metals, non-metal-surface treatment products, semiconductors, metal surface treatment products and polishes and waxes. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products and metals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation of mixtures and in the production of articles.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALBEMARLE CATALYSTS COMPANY B.V., Nieuwendammerkade 1-3 PO Box 37650 1030 BE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ALTICHEM, 4 Rue Jacques Vaucanson 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMÔNE VAL D'OISE France
  • AMG Superalloys UK Limited, Fullerton Road S60 1DL Rotherham South Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH, Seligmannallee 1 30173  Hannover Germany
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF Polska Sp.z o.o., Aleje Jerozolimskie 154 02-326 Warszawa Poland
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road D12XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Euro Support Advanced Materials B.V., Liessentstraat 9f 5405 AH Uden Netherlands
  • ExponentOR31, The Lenz Hornbeam Business Park HG28RE Harrogate Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • GTS GmbH, Reinbeker Redder 89a 21031 Hamburg Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • IBU-tec Advanced Materials AG, Hainweg 9-11 D-99425 Weimar Germany
  • Lehmann & Voss & Co. KG, Alsterufer 19 20354 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Neo Chemicals & Oxides (Europe) Ltd, 3 the quadrant barton lane OX14 3YS Abingdon oxfordshire United Kingdom
  • NPM Silmet OÜ, Kesk tn. 2 40231 Sillamäe Ida- Virumaa Estonia
  • Oerlikon Metco WOKA GmbH, Im Vorwerk 25 36456 Barchfeld-Immelborn Germany
  • PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL (LONDON) CO., LTD, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT LONDON United Kingdom
  • Projector GmbH, Koenigstrasse 60-70 47051 Duisburg Germany
  • REEtec AS, Karenslyst Alle 9C NO-0278 Oslo Norway
  • RHODIA OPERATIONS, 40 rue de la Haie Coq 93306 AUBERVILLIERS France
  • Sasol Germany GmbH, Anckelmannsplatz 1 D-20537 Hamburg Germany
  • Sinopec Europa GmbH, Messe Turm Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage 49 60308 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstraße 199 80686 Munich Germany

Other names

  • -
  • dilanthanum(3+) trioxidandiide
  • dilanthanum(3+) trioxidandiide Lanthanoxid Lanthanum Oxide lanthanum(3+); oxygen(2-) lanthanum(3+);oxygen(2-) Lanthanum(III) Oxide Lanthanum(III)oxide
  • Lanthanoxid
  • Lanthanum Oxide
  • lanthanum(3+); oxygen(2-)
  • lanthanum(3+);oxygen(2-)
  • Lanthanum(III) Oxide
  • Lanthanum(III)oxide
  • Dilanthanum trioxide
  • Lanthanum oxide

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Crystalline (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
400 - 2 315 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
2 309.85 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
400 - 4 200 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
4 199.85 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
6.51 g/cm³ @ 15 - 25 °C [2]
R Relative density
6.41 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
6.51

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
1 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
69.6 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 6.3 - 6.9 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
69.6 µg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 6 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
548 023

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 10 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 1 mg/L (1)
Marine water 1 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 15.5 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 15.5 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 18.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 156 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]
NOELR (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 260 - 460 µg/L [3]
LC50 (21 days) 5 - 8.82 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]
EL50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOELR (22 days) 100 mg/L [1]
NOELR (21 days) 100 mg/L [1]
LOELR (22 days) 100 mg/L [1]
LOELR (21 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 13 - 28.2 mg/L [6]
EC10 (72 h) 1.3 - 2.5 mg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 221 - 1 003.8 mg/L [4]
NOEC (3 h) 70 - 1 003.8 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
304 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
82 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 1 317 - 3 352 mg/kg sediment dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine water sediment
1 545 mg/kg sediment dw

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (14 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (14 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
LC0 (42 days) 71.9 - 162.28 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (18 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (17 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (14 days) 107 - 250 mg/kg soil dw [3]
LOEC (14 days) 214 - 500 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 281 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [7]
EC50 (28 days) 591 - 1 514.2 mg/kg soil dw [5]
ER50 (28 days) 562 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 (28 days) 56.6 - 100 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 61.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 8.75 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 18.26 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5.25 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5.25 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 10 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
LD0 1 000 - 10 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [3]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC0 (4 h) 5.3 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 087 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [3]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 448 - 1 480 mg/kg bw/day [5]
NOAEL (rat): 6 440 - 14 000 ppm [3]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant