Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)-4''-(methylamino)trityl alcohol
  • IUPAC name: bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl][4-(methylamino)phenyl]methanol
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
209-218-2
CAS no.:
561-41-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C24H29N3O
SMILES:
CNC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(O)(C1=CC=C(C=C1)N(C)C)C1=CC=C(C=C1)N(C)C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C24H29N3O/c1-25-21-12-6-18(7-13-21)24(28,19-8-14-22(15-9-19)26(2)3)20-10-16-23(17-11-20)27(4)5/h6-17,25,28H,1-5H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
4
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance may cause cancer, is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed and causes serious eye irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is suspected of causing genetic defects.

Breakdown of all 85 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Carc. 1B H350
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Muta. 2 H341
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Aquatic Chronic 3 H413
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C
  • PBT

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 4 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 - 100 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing and at industrial sites.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Dokumental GmbH & Co KG Schreibfarben, Woellnerstrasse 26 D-67065 Ludwigshafen Germany
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden

Other names

  • 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)-4''-(methylamino)trityl alcohol
  • bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl][4-(methylamino)phenyl]methanol
  • 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)-4''-(methylamino)trityl alcohol
  • 4,4'-bis(dimethylamino)-4''-(methylamino)trityl alcohol (with ≥ 0.1% of Michler's ketone (EC No. 202-027-5) or Michler's base (EC No. 202-959-2))
  • Solvent violet 8

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Solid (50%), Powder (50%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
159 - 162 °C @ 96 - 97.78 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
168.87 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
170 - 240 °C @ 96 - 97.69 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
179.42 - 240 °C

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Bulk density
0.554 g/cm³ @ 30 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.346 - 0.831

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.322 - 4.365 @ 35 °C and pH 4.89 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.322 - 4.365 @ 25 - 32 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
90 - 150 mg/L @ 22 - 38 °C and pH 6.2 - 7.4 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
90 - 150 mg/L @ 22 - 30 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Acetone
50 - 100 g/L @ 25 °C [1]
R Acetonitrile
10 - 50 g/L @ 25 °C [1]
R Dimethylformamide
200 g/L @ 25 °C [1]
R Ethanol
10 - 50 g/L @ 25 °C [1]
R Methanol
10 - 50 g/L @ 25 - 30 °C [3]
R Toluene
1 g/L @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Solubility in organic solvents at 20 °C
5 - 200 g/L

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
165 - 250 °C @ 96 - 97.73 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
174.15 - 250 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
Yes (50%), No (50%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
0 - 14.31 @ 25 - 30 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
pKa at 20 °C
0

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Degradation rate constant (OH radicals)
0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
113.76 min

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R BOD5
0 mg O2/g test material [1]
C Interpretation of results
Not readily biodegradable (67%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (33%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in freshwater
6 months @ 25 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment
4.441 years @ 25 °C

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Half-life in soil
12 months @ 25 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
350

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Koc
10 000 - 4 800 000 dimensionless @ 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
13 670

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 5.86 - 20.83 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 16 - 208.3 µg/L (2)
Marine water 586 - 2 083 ng/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 1.6 µg/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 982.2 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 6.195 - 8.03 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 803 - 6 195.3 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1.6 - 2.965 mg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1.6 - 34.651 mg/L [2]
LC0 (4 days) 1.6 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
1.6 - 34.65 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 293 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
293 µg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 10.8 mg/L [2]
EC50 (24 h) 22 mg/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 20.83 mg/L [1]
EC0 (48 h) 1 mg/L [1]
EC100 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
10.8 - 20.83 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 293 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
293 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 12.59 - 14.05 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 1.309 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
14.05 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 39.9 mg/L [1]
IC50 (3 h) 12 - 15 mg/L [3]
NOEC (30 min) 6 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
9.82 - 15 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 172.375 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 117 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 72.5 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41.7 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41.7 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 300 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 1 000 mg/kg bw
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOEL (rat): 137.861 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LOEL (rat): 82.749 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received) [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 25 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 7 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 30 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 40 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant