Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Maleic acid
  • IUPAC name: (2Z)-but-2-enedioic acid
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
203-742-5
CAS no.:
110-16-7
Index number:
607-095-00-3
Molecular formula:
C4H4O4
SMILES:
OC(=O)\C=C/C(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/C4H4O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)/b2-1-
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
12
Of which contain:
2 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance is harmful if swallowed, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, causes serious eye damage and is harmful in contact with skin.

Breakdown of all 1365 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H312
STOT SE 3 H370
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Skin Corr. 1B H314
Skin Sens. 1B H317
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2 H318
Met. Corr. 1 H290
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 20 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 3 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: cosmetics and personal care products, air care products and perfumes and fragrances. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use as reactive substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys) and leather (e.g. gloves, shoes, purses, furniture).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: laboratory work, transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, adhesives and sealants, leather treatment products, perfumes and fragrances and cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, polymers and textile treatment products and dyes. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and textile, leather or fur.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, in processing aids at industrial sites and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep container tightly closed; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; in case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash with soap and water. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If inhaled: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. If swallowed: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Rinse the mouth. If on skin: wash with soap and water. Get medical advice/attention.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place; locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ARCHROMA IBÉRICA, S.L., ZAL-Prat c/Cal Coracero, 46-56 08820 El Prat de Llobregat Spain
  • ATMOSA Petrochemie, Danubiastraße 21-25 2320 Schwechat Lower Austra Austria
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHIMEX SAS, 16 rue Maurice Berteaux 95500 LE THILLAY France
  • CHT Austria GmbH, Aeueleweg 3 6812 Meiningen Austria
  • CHT Germany GmbH, Bismarckstr. 102 72072 Tuebingen Germany
  • ESIM Chemicals GmbH, St.-Peter-Strasse 25 4020 Linz Austria
  • LERG S.A., Pustkow-Osiedle 59 D 39-206 Pustkow 3 podkarpackie Poland
  • Merck Schuchardt OHG, Eduard-Buchner-Str. 85662 Hohenbrunn Germany
  • POLYNT S.p.A., via Enrico Fermi, 51 I-24020 Scanzorosciate BG Italy
  • Procter & Gamble Amiens S.A.S., 163/165 quai Aulagnier 92600 ASNIERES SUR SEINE France
  • PRODUCTOS CAPILARES L'OREAL S.A., Calle Josefa Valcarcel num. 48 28027 MADRID Spain
  • Quality Chemicals S.L., C/ Fornal, 35, Pol. Ind. Can Comelles-Sud 08292 Esparreguera Barcelona Spain
  • Richard Baker Harrison Ltd., Marsh Trees House Marsh Parade ST5 1BT Newcastle-under-Lyme Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • TEXTILCOLOR GmbH (OR), Schlossgartenstrasse 2 72793 Pfullingen Baden-Wuerttemberg Germany
  • TFL France SAS, 4, rue de l'industrie 68333 Huningue Cedex France
  • THOR GmbH, Landwehrstrasse 1 D-67346 Speyer Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Grupa Azoty Zakłady Azotowe Kędzierzyn Spółka Akcyjna, skr. poczt. 163 ul. Mostowa 30A 47-220 Kędzierzyn-Kożle Poland

Other names

  • (2Z)-but-2-enedioic acid
  • (Z)-But-2-enedioic acid
  • (Z)-Butenedioic acid
  • (Z)-Butenedioic acid, Maleic acid
  • -
  • 2-Butenedioic acid (2Z)-
  • but-2-enedioic acid
  • but-2-enedioic acid 
  • cis-1,2-Ethylendicarbonsäure
  • cis-Butendisäure
  • cis-Butenedioic acid, Toxilic acid, Acidum maleicum, Butenedioic Acid
  • MALEIC ACID
  • Maleic acid (Z)-Butenedioic acid
  • Maleinsaeure
  • Maleinsäurelösung
  • MEXORYL SCO
  • ácido maleico
  • 2-Butenedioic acid (Z)- (9CI)
  • 2-Butenedioic acid, (Z)-
  • cis-1,2-Ethylenedicarboxylic acid
  • cis-2-Butenedioic acid
  • cis-Butenedioic acid
  • Maleic Acid
  • Maleic acid (40% in water)
  • Maleic acid (8CI)
  • Toxilic acid

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [3]
C Form
Crystalline (67%), Other (33%) [3]
C Odour
Faint (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
130 - 140 °C @ 101.325 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
132.5 - 139 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
157.8 °C @ 99.7 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
157.8 °C

Density

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
1.59 g/cm³ [2]
R Relative density
1.59 @ 20 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.59

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0.001 - 0.005 Pa @ 20 - 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.001 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
-2.78 - -0.34 @ 19.8 - 20 °C and pH 2.5 - 9 [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-1.3 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
399.4 - 788 g/L @ 10 - 25 °C and pH 0 - 1 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
478.8 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
127 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [2]
R Dissociation constant
1.83 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 3
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 0 % [1]
R Water 100 % [1]
R Soil 0 % [1]
R Sediment 0 % [1]
R Suspended sediment 0 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]
R Aerosol 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 100 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 428.1 µg/L (1)
Marine water 10 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 44.6 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 334 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 33.4 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 41.5 µg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 106 mg/L [1]
LC0 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC100 (48 h) 112 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
75 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 42.81 - 93.8 mg/L [3]
EC50 (24 h) 200 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 17.5 mg/L [2]
LOEC (48 h) 30.63 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
42.81 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 10 mg/L [1]
EC50 (21 days) 77 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
10 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 17.17 - 74.35 mg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 130 - 131 mg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 4.15 - 11.8 mg/L [3]
EC10 (4 h) 125 mg/L [1]
EC20 (72 h) 6.75 - 22.2 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
74.32 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
11.8 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (15 min) 12.5 mg/L [1]
EC10 (18 h) 44.6 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
44.6 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ skin irritation/corrosion
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 3 mg/m³ skin irritation/corrosion
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 030 - 2 870 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 5 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 560 - 2 620 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Relatively harmless [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irreversible damage)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 250 mg/kg diet [1]
LOAEL (rat): 20 - 250 mg/kg bw/day [3]
NOEL (rat): 10 - 100 mg/kg bw/day [4]
LOEL (rat): 32 - 250 mg/kg bw/day [3]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 100 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant