Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
203-481-7
CAS no.:
107-31-3
Index number:
607-014-00-1
Molecular formula:
C2H4O2
SMILES:
COC=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H4O2/c1-4-2-3/h2H,1H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
3
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is an extremely flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful if swallowed, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic if swallowed, is toxic if inhaled, is toxic in contact with skin and causes damage to organs.

Breakdown of all 861 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Liq. 1 H224 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Acute Tox. 3 H311
Acute Tox. 3 H331
STOT SE 1 H370
Eye Irrit. 2A H319
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 2 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 000 to < 1 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: laboratory work.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; take actions to prevent static discharges; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; keep container tightly closed; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); use non-sparking tools; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and Keeping it cool.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Taminco Finland Oy, Typpitie 1 FI-90620 Oulu Finland

Substance names and other identifiers

Formiate de methyle
Other
Formic acid, methyl ester
Other
Methyl formate
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Occupational Exposure Limits - 4th list - Indicative OELVs, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
METHYL FORMATE
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Occupational Exposure Limits - 4th list - Indicative OELVs, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
Methyl methanoate
Other
Methyle (formiate de)
Other
Methylester kyseliny mravenci
Other
Methylformiaat
Other
Methylformiat
Other
Metil (formiato di)
Other
Mravencan methylnaty
Other
ester metylowy kwasu mrówkowego (pl)
C&L Inventory
formato de metilo (pt)
C&L Inventory
formiate de méthyle (fr)
C&L Inventory
formiato de metilo (es)
C&L Inventory
formiato di metile (it)
C&L Inventory
methyl-formiát (cs)
C&L Inventory
methylformiaat (nl)
C&L Inventory
methylformiat (da)
C&L Inventory
Methylformiat (de)
C&L Inventory
metil format (sl)
C&L Inventory
metil-format (hr)
C&L Inventory
metil-formiát (hu)
C&L Inventory
metilformiat (ro)
C&L Inventory
metilformiatas (lt)
C&L Inventory
metilformiāts (lv)
C&L Inventory
metyl-formiát (sk)
C&L Inventory
metylformiat (no)
C&L Inventory
metylformiat (sv)
C&L Inventory
metyyliformiaatti (fi)
C&L Inventory
Metüülformiaat (et)
C&L Inventory
mrówczan metylu (pl)
C&L Inventory
μυρμηκικό μεθύλιο (el)
C&L Inventory
мeтил формиат (bg)
C&L Inventory
Formic acid, methyl ester
Other
formic acid methyl ester
C&L Inventory
Methyl Formate
C&L Inventory, Other
Methyl formate
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
Ameisensaeuremethylester
Registration dossier
Formic Acid Methyl ester
Registration dossier
Formic acid, methyl ester (6CI, 8CI, 9CI)
Registration dossier
Methanoic acid methyl ester
Registration dossier
Methyl formate
Registration dossier
Methyl methanoate
Registration dossier
Methylformiat
Registration dossier
R 611
Registration dossier
1053659-55-4
CAS number
Other
1053659-55-4
Deleted CAS number
Other
107-31-3
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, Aerosols Directive - Flammable Contents - Labelling Requirements, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex III - ADN, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex I - ADR, Inland Transport of Dangerous Goods Directive, Annex II - RID, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Occupational Exposure Limits - 4th list - Indicative OELVs, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
1173023-73-8
CAS number
Other
1173023-73-8
Deleted CAS number
Other
607-014-00-1
Index number
C&L Inventory

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [3]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [3]
C Odour
Other (100%) [3]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)
Form
Liquid (100%)
Colour
colourless (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-100.4 - -99 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-99.8 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Boiling point
30 - 32 °C @ 101.3 kPa [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
31.5 °C

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Density
0.967 - 0.974 g/cm³ @ 20 - 25 °C [6]
R Relative density
0.974 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.97

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
63.8 - 140 kPa @ 20 - 40 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
78.09 kPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
-0.21 - 0.03 @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.21 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
230 - 300 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
240 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Flash point
-28 - -19 °C @ 101.3 kPa [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
-28 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
449 - 450 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
449 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.325 - 0.351 [4]
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
0.361 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
0.351 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
17.2 - 70.7 days [3]
R Degradation rate constant (OH radicals)
0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R BOD5
1.067 - 1.236 g O2/g test material [2]
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)
Type of water
Freshwater (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Koc
0.13 - 17.8 dimensionless @ 25 °C [3]
R log Koc
0.301 - 1.25 dimensionless @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0.019 - 22.6 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (3)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (3)
Marine water No hazard identified (3)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (3)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No hazard identified (3)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (3)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (3)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 115 - 15 400 mg/L [4]
LC0 (4 days) 46 - 1 000 mg/L [2]
LC100 (4 days) 180 - 3 200 mg/L [3]
LC10 (4 days) 103 mg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 12.7 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 365 - 10 000 mg/L [3]
EC50 (24 h) 10 g/L [1]
LC50 (4 days) 320 - 1 308 mg/L [2]
EC0 (48 h) 500 - 10 000 mg/L [2]
EC0 (24 h) 10 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 100 - 224 mg/L [2]
LOEC (21 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 22 g/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 1.063 - 1.24 g/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 7.81 - 76.8 mg/L [3]
LOEC (72 h) 76.8 mg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 131.2 - 295 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
1.062 g/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
131.2 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (17 h) 10 g/L [1]
EC50 (3 h) 500 mg/L [1]
IC50 (3 h) 1 g/L [1]
EC10 (17 h) 8.117 g/L [1]
EC10 (3 h) 500 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 6
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 6
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 6
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 3
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 6
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 120 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 240 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 120 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 240 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 17.1 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 14.29 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 14.29 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.02 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.02 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 500 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.2 mg/L air (rat) [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 4 000 mL/kg bw (rat) [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 252 - 1 237 mg/m³ air [2]
NOAEC (rat): 100 - 400 ppm [2]
LOAEC (rat): 1.237 - 3.693 mg/L air [2]
LOAEC (rat): 400 - 1 600 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 250 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant