Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
201-196-2
CAS no.:
79-33-4
Index number:
607-743-00-5
Molecular formula:
C3H6O3
SMILES:
C[C@H](O)C(O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)/t2-/s2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
17
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP15) approved by the European Union, this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage and causes serious eye damage.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 1186 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Dam. 1 H318 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Skin Corr. 1C H314 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
STOT SE 3 H335
Skin Corr. 1 H314
Skin Corr. 1B H314
Skin Corr. 1A H314
Met. Corr. 1 H290
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Resp. Sens. 1 H334
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 14 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 1 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: human hygiene, disinfection, veterinary hygiene, food and animals feeds.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: product preservation.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, adhesives and sealants, anti-freeze products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, lubricants and greases and polishes and waxes.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)) and outdoor use.

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: lubricants and greases and polishes and waxes.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing, printing and recorded media reproduction and health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, food products, textile, leather or fur, wood and wood products, pulp, paper and paper products, rubber products, plastic products, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, pH regulators and water treatment products, coating products, non-metal-surface treatment products and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, laboratory chemicals, washing & cleaning products and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: mining, building & construction work and formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and food products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Access Business Group International BV, Celsiusweg 20 Industrial Estate 4212 5928 PR Venlo Netherlands
  • ARCHROMA IBÉRICA, S.L., ZAL-Prat c/Cal Coracero, 46-56 08820 El Prat de Llobregat Spain
  • Galactic, Place d'Escanaffles 23 7760 Escanaffles Belgium
  • Jungbunzlauer S.A., Z.I. et Portuaire B.P. 32 67390 Marckolsheim France
  • NatureWorks BV, Coenhavenweg 2 1013BL Amsterdam Netherlands
  • PRODUCTOS CAPILARES L'OREAL S.A., Calle Lopez Bravo n°78 Poligono Industrial Villalonquéjar 09001 BURGOS Spain
  • PURAC Biochem, Arkelsedijk 46 4206AC Gorinchem Netherlands
  • PURAC bioquímica, Gran Vial 19-25 08160 Montmeló (Barcelona) Spain
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • Regenesis Bioremediation Products Ltd, F8 Nutgrove Office Park Rathfarnham D14 K1C24 Dublin Ireland
  • Stahl Europe B.V., Sluisweg 10 5145PE Waalwijk Noord Brabant Netherlands
  • TIGI Haircare GmbH, Hertzstraße 6 71083 Herrenberg Germany
  • Triplew BVBA, Gaston Crommenlaan 8 9050 Ghent Belgium
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

L-(+)-lactic acid
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration
L-(+)-lactic acid
Biocidal active substances, REACH pre-registration
L-(+)-lactic acid; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-lactic acid; (2S)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
L-Lactic acid
Other, Food Contact Regenerated Cellulose Directive - Authorised Substances
Acid L-(+)-lactic (ro)
Biocidal active substances
acid L-(+)-lactic; acid (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroxipropanoic (ro)
C&L Inventory
Acide L-(+)-lactique (fr)
Biocidal active substances
acide L-(+)-lactique; acide (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropanoïque (fr)
C&L Inventory
Acido L-(+)-lattico (it)
Biocidal active substances
acido L-(+)-lattico; acido (2<I>S</I>)-2-idrossipropanoico (it)
C&L Inventory
Aċidu L-(+)-lattiku (mt)
Biocidal active substances
Aċidu L-(+)-lattiku; Aċidu (2<I>S</I>)-2-idrossipropanojku (mt)
C&L Inventory
kyselina (+)-L-mliečna (sk)
Biocidal active substances
kyselina (+)-L-mliečna kyselina (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropánová (sk)
C&L Inventory
L(+)-pieno rūgštis (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroksipropano rūgštis (lt)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-kwas mlekowy (pl)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-kwas mlekowy; kwas (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroksypropanowy (pl)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-lactic acid (no)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-maitohappo (fi)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-maitohappo; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroksipropaanihappo (fi)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-melkzuur (nl)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-melkzuur; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropaanzuur (nl)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-Milchsäure (de)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-Milchsäure; (2<I>S</I>)-2-Hydroxypropansäure (de)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-mjölksyra (sv)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-mjölksyra; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxipropansyra (sv)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-mlečna kislina (sl)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-mlečna kislina (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroksipropanojska kislina (sl)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-mliječna kiselina (hr)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-mliječna kiselina; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroksipropanska kiselina (hr)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-mléčná kyselina (cs)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-mléčná kyselina; (2 <I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropanová kyselina (cs)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-mælkesyre (da)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-mælkesyre; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hydroxypropansyre (da)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-pieno rūgštis (lt)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-pienskābe (lv)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-pienskābe; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroksipropionskābe (lv)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-piimhape (et)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-piimhape; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hüdroksüpropaanhape (et)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-tejsav (hu)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-tejsav; (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroxipropánsav (hu)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-Γαλακτικό οξύ (el)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-γαλακτικό οξύ· (2<I>S</I>)-2-υδροξυπροπανοϊκό οξύ (el)
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-млечна киселина (bg)
Biocidal active substances
L-(+)-млечна киселина; (2<I>S</I>)-2-хидроксипропанова киселина (bg)
C&L Inventory
Ácido L-(+)-láctico (es)
Biocidal active substances
Ácido L-(+)-láctico (pt)
Biocidal active substances
Ácido L-(+)-láctico; ácido (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroxipropanoico (es)
C&L Inventory
ácido L-(+)-lático; ácido (2<I>S</I>)-2-hidroxipropanoico (pt)
C&L Inventory
Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, (2S)-
Other
(2S)-2- Hydroxypropanoic acid
C&L Inventory
(2S)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
(S)-Milchsäure
C&L Inventory
2-Hydroxypropanoic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
2-Hydroxypropansäure
C&L Inventory
2-hydroxypropionic acid
C&L Inventory
2S)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
C&L Inventory
Acido Lattico liquido E270
C&L Inventory
L(+)-Lactic Acid
C&L Inventory
L-(+)-LACTIC ACID
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
L-(+)-lactic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
L-(+)-Milchsäure
C&L Inventory
L-Lactic Acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
L-lactic acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Lactic Acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Lactic Acid
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, (2S)-
C&L Inventory
propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, (s)-
C&L Inventory
2-hydroxy-propionic acid
Registration dossier
ACIDO LATTICO 80
C&L Inventory
L(+)-lactic acid
Registration dossier
L-lactic acid
Registration dossier
Lactic acid
Registration dossier
Lactic acid Aqueous Solution
Registration dossier
PURAC (registered Tradename)
Registration dossier
S(+) Lactic Acid
Registration dossier
SY-83
Registration dossier
1715-99-7
CAS number
Other
1715-99-7
Deleted CAS number
Other
607-743-00-5
Index number
C&L Inventory
79-33-4
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Biocidal active substances, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Food Contact Regenerated Cellulose Directive - Authorised Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Viscous (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)
Form
Liquid: viscous (100%)
Colour
colourless (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-80 - 53 °C @ 101.325 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
53 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
216.6 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
216.6 °C

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.2

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
3.813 Pa @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0.038 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-0.54 @ 25 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 2 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.54 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
860 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
70.7 mN/m @ 1 g/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
70.7 mN/m @ 1 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
400 °C @ 101.14 - 101.89 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
400 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 5
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
3.86 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
pKa at 20 °C
3.85

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Other:
18.4 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
18.4 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)
Type of water
Freshwater (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Koc
1 L/kg [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
1

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0 Pa.m³.mol-1

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 130 - 320 mg/L [5]
NOEC (4 days) 180 - 320 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 130 - 250 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 2.8 - 3.5 g/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 533 - 1 900 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
533 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 88.2 mg/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 88.2 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
88.2 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 (48 h) 100.4 µg per animal [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 2 250 mg/kg bw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 3 543 - 4 936 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 7.94 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 3 543 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 7.94 mg/L
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irreversible damage)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 50 000 mg/L drinking water [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6 5
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant