Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Bromochloromethane
  • IUPAC name: bromo(chloro)methane
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
200-826-3
CAS no.:
74-97-5
Index number:
Molecular formula:
CH2BrCl
SMILES:
ClCBr
InChI:
InChI=1S/CH2BrCl/c2-1-3/h1H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
4
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage and harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful if inhaled, causes serious eye damage, is harmful in contact with skin, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Breakdown of all 38 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Ozone 1 H420
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
STOT SE 3 H335
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Skin Corr. 1B H314
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Ozone 1 EUH059
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 4 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area for industrial use resulting in the manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in articles, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. If on skin (or hair): follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. If in contact with eyes, remove contact lenses if present and easy to do - continue rinsing. If inhaled: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. If in eyes: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. Rinse skin with water or shower. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If swallowed: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Rinse the mouth. Do not induce vomiting. Remove/take off immediately all contaminated clothing.

Disposal statements

Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALBEMARLE EUROPE SPRL, Parc Scientifique (Einstein) Rue du Bosquet 9 1348 LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE Belgium
  • ICL Europe Coöperatief U.A. (OR1), Koningin Wilhelminaplein 30 Prinsenhof 1062 KR Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Laboratorios Miret, S.A., Geminis 4 08228 Terrassa Barcelona Spain
  • Saltigo GmbH, HSEQ-RA Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 40 D-51373 Leverkusen Germany

Other names

  • -
  • Bromo(chloro)methane
  • Bromochloromethane
  • Bromochloromethane

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [3]
C Odour
Sweetish (50%), Other (50%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-88 - -86.5 °C @ 101.3 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-88 - -86.5 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Boiling point
67 - 68 °C @ 101.3 - 101.325 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
67 - 67.8 °C

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Density
1.93 - 1.934 g/cm³ @ 20 - 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.92 - 1.933

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
18.932 kPa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
18.93 - 18.932 kPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.41 @ 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
1.41 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
16.7 - 16 700 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
15 - 16.7 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
33.32 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Data not provided by the registrant

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Other:
0.67 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
3.588 months

Hydrolysis

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
3.957 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
21.73

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
147.934 - 302.962 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
303 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 360.048 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
360.048 mg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
360.048 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 193.598 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
193.598 mg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
193.598 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 115.127 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
115.127 mg/L
EC50 for marine water algae
115.127 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 4 300 mg/kg bw (mouse) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 38.6 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC0 (7 h) 5 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC100 (6 h) 10 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC50 (7 h) 12 mg/L air (mouse) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 4 300 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 12 171.05 mg/m³

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 400 - 1 000 ppm [3]
NOAEC (dog): 1 000 ppm [1]
NOAEC (guinea pig): 500 - 1 000 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 2 116.71 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Data not provided by the registrant

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant