Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Benzene
  • IUPAC name: benzene
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
200-753-7
CAS no.:
71-43-2; 1076-43-3
Index number:
601-020-00-8
Molecular formula:
C6H6
SMILES:
C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C6H6/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-6H
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
30
Of which contain:
8 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is a highly flammable liquid and vapour, causes serious eye irritation and causes skin irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 1419 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 2 H225 Harmonised Classification
Asp. Tox. 1 H304 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
STOT SE 3 H336
Muta. 1A H340
Carc. 1B H350
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • M

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 114 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
This substance is subject to the Prior Informed Consent regulation and to export notification procedure from 06-Jan-2003
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, non-metal-surface treatment products and pH regulators and water treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, laboratory chemicals and fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; take actions to prevent static discharges; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; obtain special instructions before use; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If exposed or you feel unwell: call a poison center or doctor/physician. If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. Do not induce vomiting.

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Aceto France, 3-5 rue Scheffer 75016 Paris France
  • AOT Energy Belgium, Boulevard de France 7 1420 Braine-l’Alleud Belgium
  • Arsol Aromatics GmbH & Co. KG, Uferstr. 105 45881 Gelsenkirchen Germany
  • Ashland Services BV (OR2), Marten Meesweg 8-10 3068 AV Rotterdam Netherlands
  • AVESTRA CHEMICAL SERVICES OY, ORs, Uotilantie 35 01860 Perttula Finland
  • B-Lands Consulting (8111117-5), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP1510 38025 Grenoble France France
  • BASF Antwerpen N.V., Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Antwerpen Belgium
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Belgium Marketing Services N.V., Britselei 23 - box 201 2000 Antwerpen België Belgium
  • Borealis AG, Wagramerstrasse 17-19 1220 Wien Austria
  • Borealis Polymers Oy, P.O. Box 330 06101 Porvoo Finland
  • BP Chembel NV/SA, Amocolaan 2 2440 Geel Belgium
  • BP Europa SE, Überseeallee 1 20457 Hamburg Germany
  • Braskem Netherlands B.V., Weena 00240, C 9th floor NL - 3012 NJ PO Box 30128 3001 DC Rotterdam Netherlands
  • CEPSA Química, S.A., Torre CEPSA Paseo de Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Chemical Standards SIA, Ritausma 31 LV-2127 Medemciems Olaine parish Latvia
  • Chevron Oronite SA M/I, Le Corosa 1, rue Eugène et Armand Peugeot CS10022 92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France
  • Chevron Phillips Chemicals International N.V. - OR SCP, Airport Plaza, Stockholm Building Da Vincilaan 19 B - 1831 DIEGEM Belgium
  • COMPANÍA ESPAÑOLA DE PETRÓLEOS, S.A.U. (CEPSA), Torre Cepsa, Paseo de la Castellana 259A 28046 Madrid Spain
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Covestro NV, Haven 507 Scheldelaan 420 2040 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Crozon Enterprises LTD, 221Christodoulou Chatzipavlou 3036 Limassol Cyprus
  • DEZA a.s., Masarykova 753 75701 Valasske Mezirici Czech Republic
  • DOMO Caproleuna GmbH, Am Haupttor Bau 3101 06237 Leuna Germany
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW OLEFINVERBUND GMBH, Strasse B 13 D-06258 Schkopau Germany
  • Emerald Kalama Chemical, B.V., Montrealweg 15 3197 KH ROTTERDAM BOTLEK Netherlands
  • Essar Oil (UK) Limited, Stanlow Manufacturing Complex PO Box 3 CH65 4HB Ellesmere Port Cheshire United Kingdom
  • ExxonMobil Chemical Holland B.V., Botlekweg, 121, Haven nr 40-60 NL 3197 KA Botlek Rotterdam Netherlands
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical, BVBA, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Gazprom Marketing & Trading France 28, 68 Avenue des Champs Elysees 75008 Paris France
  • Gazprom Marketing and Trading France19, 68 avenue des Champs-Elysées 75008 Paris France France
  • Glencore Energy UK Ltd, 50 Berkeley Street W1J 8HD London United Kingdom
  • Hartree Partners (UK) Limited, 33 Grosvenor Place SW1X7HY London United Kingdom
  • HUNTSMAN HOLLAND BV, Merseyweg 10 3197 KG Botlek-Rotterdam Netherlands
  • ICC Industries B.V., Hoogoorddreef 9, Afrikagebouw NL-1101 Amsterdam Netherlands
  • INEOS Chemicals Lavera (O Imports), Rue de la Bienfaisance 13117 Lavera France
  • INEOS Manufacturing Deutschland GmbH, Alte Strasse 201 50769 Koeln Germany
  • INEOS Phenol GmbH, Dechenstrasse 3 45966 Gladbeck Germany
  • INEOS Styrolution Belgium, Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Belgium
  • Integra SA, Chaussée de Tervuren 133 1410 Waterloo Belgium
  • Interchem Logistics B.V., Javastraat 4 3016 CE Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Intertek Semko Service, Box 1103 Torshamnsgatan 43 SE-16440 Kista Stockholm Sweden
  • ISAB S.r.l., ex S.s. 114 km 146 96010 Priolo Gargallo (SR) Sicily Italy
  • Kolmar UK Ltd, 8B Accommodation road NW11 8ED London United Kingdom
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (LNH Moscow KNH), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas AD (LNH Moscow Stav), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • LUKOIL_Neftohim (BN), Western Industrial Zone 8104 Bourgas Bulgaria
  • Lyondell Chemie Nederland B.V., Deltseplein 27E 3013 AA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Marubeni Europe plc, 95 Gresham Street EC2V 7AB London United Kingdom
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl - ZKOK, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • Mitsui and Co. Deutschland G.M.B.H. Head Office (Düsseldorf), Herzogstrasse 15 D-40217 Düsseldorf Germany
  • MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas Public Limited Company, Oktober huszonharmadika 18 1117 Budapest Hungary
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(020) Germany
  • Noahs Ark Chemicals Bvba, Ernest van Dijckkaai 28 2000 Antwerp Belgium
  • OIL LOGISTIC LTD., Skanstes street 50 LV 1013 Riga Latvia
  • Oman Trading International Limited, Javastraat 6 3016 CE Rotterdam Netherlands
  • OMV Deutschland GmbH, Haiminger Straße 1 D-84489 Burghausen Germany
  • OMV PETROM S.A., 22 Coralilor Street (“Petrom City”) Sector 1 013329 Bucharest Romania
  • PCK RAFFINERIE GMBH, Passower Chaussee 111 16303 Schwedt/Oder Germany
  • PETROBRAS EUROPE LIMITED., 9th Floor, 1 Angel Court EC2R 7HJ London United Kingdom
  • Petrochemia-Blachownia S.A., Szkolna 15 47-225 Kędzierzyn - Koźle Poland
  • Petrochemical Commercial Company (UK) Ltd, 24, GROSVENOR GARDENS SW1W 0DH LONDON EUROPE United Kingdom
  • PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL (LONDON) CO., LTD, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT LONDON United Kingdom
  • Petroineos Manufacturing France SAS, Avenue de la Bienfaisance BP 6 133117 Lavera France
  • Petróleos de Portugal - Petrogal, S.A., Rua Tomás da Fonseca, Torres de Lisboa 1600-209 Lisboa Portugal
  • Phillips 66 Limited, 7th Floor 200-202 Aldersgate Street EC1A 4HD London United Kingdom
  • Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN SA, ul. Chemików 7 09-411 Płock Poland
  • POLYNT S.p.A., via Enrico Fermi, 51 24020 Scanzorosciate Italy
  • Raffinerie Heide GmbH, Meldorfer Straße 43 25770 Hemmingstedt Germany
  • RAIN CARBON BVBA, Vredekaai 18 9060 Zelzate Belgium
  • REACH GLOBAL SERVICES S.A., Rond Point Schuman, 6 B-1040 Brussels Belgium
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd, Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • Repsol Petroleo, S.A., Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • REPSOL QUÍMICA, Calle Mendez Alvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Madrid Spain
  • REPSOL TRADING SA, Calle Méndez Álvaro, 44 28045 Madrid Spain
  • Ruhr Oel GmbH, Pawiker Strasse 30 45896 Gelsenkirchen Germany
  • RÜTGERS Germany GmbH, Kekulestr. 30 44579 Castrop-Rauxel Germany
  • SABIC Petrochemicals B.V., Europaboulevard 1 6135 LD Sittard Netherlands
  • SARLUX srl, S.S. Sulcitana 195 km. 19 09018 Sarroch (CA) Sardinia Italy
  • Sasol Italy S.p.A., Viale Enrico Forlanini 23 I-20134 Milan Italy
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Shell Chemicals Europe B.V., Weena 70 3012 CM Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH, Suhrenkamp 71-77, 22335 Hamburg Germany
  • Shell Nederland Chemie B.V., Vonderlingenweg 601, Att. G-J Dijkema WO 503200019 PO BOX 8610, 3009 AP Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Shell Trading International Ltd, Shell Centre SE1 7NA London United Kingdom
  • Shrieve Products International, 27 New Dover Road CT1 3DN Canterbury Kent United Kingdom
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • SLOVNAFT, a.s., Vlcie hrdlo 1 824 12 Bratislava Slovakia
  • Steptoe & Johnson LLP, Av Louise, 489 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • Sumitomo Deutschland GmbH, Georg-Glock-Str. 8 40474 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Synthos Dwory 7 spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością spółka jawna, ul. Chemików 1 32-600 Oświęcim Poland
  • SYNTHOS Kralupy a.s., O.Wichterleho 810 27801 Kralupy nad Vltavou Czech Republic
  • Total Olefins Antwerp, Scheldelaan 10 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Total Petrochemicals & Refining SA, Rue de l'Industrie,52 1040 Bruxelles Belgium
  • Total Petrochemicals France SA, Immeuble Le Linéa 1, rue du Général Leclerc 92047 Paris La Défence Cedex France
  • TOTAL RAFFINADERIJ ANTWERPEN NV, SCHELDELAAN 16, 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Total Raffinage France, 2, place Jean Millier, La Défense 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Trafigura Ventures V.B.V., Evert van de Beekstraat 1-82 The Base, Tower B, 5th floor 1118 CL Schiphol Netherlands
  • Tricon Energy UK, Ltd, Dawson House 5 Jewry Street EC3N 2EX London United Kingdom
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (054), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • Unipetrol RPA, Litvinov - Zaluzi 1 43670 Litvinov Czech Republic
  • versalis S.p.A., P.zza Boldrini 1 20097 San Donato Milanese MILANO Italy
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Chevron Phillips Chemicals International N.V. - OR CPC, Airport Plaza, Stockholm Building Da Vincilaan 19 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • HML Europe BV, De Haal 82 1511 AT Oostzaan Netherlands
  • INEOS Chemicals Grangemouth Ltd, PO Box 21 Bo,ness Road FK3 9XH Grangemouth Stirlingshire United Kingdom
  • OLTCHIM SA, Uzinei 1 240050 Ramnicu Valcea Valcea Romania
  • OSTCHEM Germany GmbH, Erdmannstr. 10 22765 Hamburg Germany
  • SABIC UK Petrochemicals Limited, Wilton Centre TS10 4RF Redcar Cleveland United Kingdom
  • Trammo SARL, 23 Rue Balzac 75008 Paris France
  • Vitol Chemicals BV, K.P. van der Mandelelaan 130 3062 MB Rotterdam Netherlands

Other names

  • -
  • benzen
  • BENZENE
  • Benzene-1,3-diamine
  • Benzol
  • Not applicable
  • Annülene
  • Benceno
  • benzen
  • Benzen ropný
  • Benzene
  • Benzene (8CI, 9CI)
  • Benzene (for the synthesis, first grade)
  • Benzene (for the synthesis, high grade)
  • Benzene - E
  • Benzene SP
  • Benzol
  • Benzole
  • Coal naphtha
  • Cyclohexatriene
  • Petroleum benzene
  • Phene
  • Phenyl hydride
  • Pur Benzene
  • Pure benzene
  • Pyrobenzol
  • Pyrobenzole
  • Reinbenzol

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [2]
C Odour
Characteristic of aromatic compounds (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
5.49 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
5.49 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
80.09 °C @ 101.35 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
80.09 °C

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
0.876 - 0.877 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.876

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
10 - 100 kPa @ 20 - 79.7 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
10 kPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Log Pow
2.13 @ 25 °C and pH 7 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
2.13 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1.88 g/L @ 23.5 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
1.88 g/L @ 23.5 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
-11 °C @ 101.35 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
-11 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
498 °C @ 101.35 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
498 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Highly flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.335 - 0.604 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
0.604 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
13.4 days [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
13.4 days

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2 12
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
13

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
134

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
415 Pa m³/mol [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
415 Pa.m³.mol-1

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 1.9 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 1.9 mg/L (1)
Marine water 1.9 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 1.9 mg/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 39 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 33 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 33 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air Hazard related to composition of atmosphere identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 4.8 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 5.3 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 45
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
5.3 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LOEC (32 days) 1.6 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
800 µg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 49 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 10 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 10 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 45
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
10 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
3 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 32 - 100 mg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 10 - 34 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 25
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
34 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
IC50 (24 h) 13 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50
13 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Other toxicological threshold
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 12
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 100 %
Dermal: 0.1 %
Inhalation: 50 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 43.767 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC50 (4 h) 13 700 ppm (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 43 767 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 8 260 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 100 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (rat): 25 - 200 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 96 mg/m³ air [1]
NOAEC (rat): 30 ppm [1]
NOAEC (mouse): 32 - 96 mg/m³ air [2]
NOAEC (mouse): 10 - 30 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 25 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 44 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 39
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 75 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 72
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
Adverse effect observed (positive)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 47 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other 38
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 25 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, mouse)
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 960 mg/m³ (subchronic, mouse)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 12
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant