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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: dermal

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2004-09-14 to 2004-09-29
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2004
Report Date:
2004

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Version / remarks:
24 February 1987
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Version / remarks:
31 July 1992
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: CRL (WI) BR Wistar rats
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: CHARLES RIVER (EUROPE) LABORATORIES INC.
- Age at study initiation: young adult rats, less than 10 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: male: 248-255 g, female: 172-190 g
- Housing: Individual caging (1 animal/cage)
- Acclimation period: 13 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 +-3 °C
- Humidity (%): 30-70 %
- Air changes (per hr): 8-12
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours daily, from 6.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m.

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: trunk
- % coverage: 10 per cent of the total body surface
- Type of wrap: plastic wrap

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing: water
- Time after start of exposure: 24 hours

TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 2000 mg/kg bw
- Constant volume or concentration used: yes


Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 animals per sex and per dose.
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing:
Animals were observed for a 14 days post-treatment observation period. The body weights of animals were recorded on day 0 (beginning of the experiment), at day 7 and at day 14 with precision of 1 g.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight, pathology
Statistics:
Not applicable.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
None.
Clinical signs:
None.
Body weight:
No changes in body weight were observed
Gross pathology:
In the male dose group of 2000 mg/kg bw, emphysema (4/5 male, 3/5 female) and pinprick-sized haemorrhages (1/5 male 2/5 female) were observed in the lungs. No macroscopic alterations due to the toxic effect of the test item were found. The pulmonary emphysema and the pinprick-sized haemorrhages observed during the necropsy might be related to the method of anaesthesia and are also observed in untreated (control) animals
Other findings:
None.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Based on the study results the acute dermal median lethal toxicity (LD50) of Aldhyd L in Wistar rat was considered to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

The acute dermal toxicity study (Limit Test) according to OECD 402 was performed with 2,2-Dimethyl-3-lauroyloxy-propanal. Five male and 5 female CRL (WI) BR Wistar rats were treated (single 24-hour dermal application) with undiluted 2,2-Dimethyl-3-lauroyloxy-propanal at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bw. None of these animals died. Clinical signs or dermal symptoms were not observed during the 14days post-treatment observation period. No effects on mean body weight and body weight gain were noted for these dose groups. Specific macroscopic alterations related to the toxic effect of the test item 2,2-Dimethyl-3-lauroyloxy-propanal were not found. Based on the results of this test, the acute dermal LD50 of 2,2-Dimethyl-3-lauroyloxy-propanal was estimated to be greater than 2000 mg/kg bw in the rat.