Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

No image available
  • EC / List name: Pentazinc chromate octahydroxide
  • IUPAC name: trizinc(2+) bis(dioxochromiumbis(olate)) dihydroxide
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
256-418-0
CAS no.:
49663-84-5
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Cr2H2O10Zn3
SMILES:
[OH-].[OH-].[Zn++].[Zn++].[Zn++].[O-][Cr]([O-])(=O)=O.[O-][Cr]([O-])(=O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2Cr.2H2O.8O.3Zn/h;;2*1H2;;;;;;;;;;;/q;;;;;;;;4*-1;3*+2/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
3
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications this substance may cause cancer, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 47 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1A H350
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 1 H300
Acute Tox. 1 H310
Acute Tox. 1 H330
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 2 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Substance of very high concern requiring authorisation before it is used (Annex XIV of REACH).
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and formulation of mixtures. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants and coating products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, laboratory work and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing; avoid contact during pregnancy and while nursing; obtain special instructions before use; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid release to the environment.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Habich GmbH, Weitenegg 5 A-3652 Leiben Austria
  • Société Nouvelle des Couleurs Zinciques, rue Emile Pierronne 59293 NEUVILLE SUR ESCAUT Nord France

Other names

  • -
  • pentazinc chromate octahydroxide
  • pentazinc dioxido(dioxo)chromium octahydroxide
  • trizinc dioxido (dioxo) chromium dihydroxide
  • trizinc(2+) bis(dioxochromiumbis(olate)) dihydroxide
  • ZTC
  • Pentazinc chromate octahydroxide

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 970 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
1 970 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
3.3 - 3.4 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
500 mg/L @ pH 6 - 9 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 4.7 - 20.6 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 4.7 µg/L (1)
Marine water 4.7 - 6.1 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 - 10 000 µg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 31 - 117.8 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 31 - 56.5 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 3.2 - 35.6 mg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1 - 10 000 000 µg/L [20]
LC50 (95 h) 330 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 1 - 10 000 000 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 12 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (2.959 years) 530 µg/L [1]
NOEC (1.808 years) 130 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 months) 78 - 575 µg/L [4]
NOEC (3.867 months) 56 - 250 µg/L [4]
NOEC (84 days) 720 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 19 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 155 - 2 909 µg/L [18]
EC50 (24 h) 220 - 22 000 µg/L [11]
LC50 (48 h) 95 - 1 220 µg/L [20]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 19
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 74 studies submitted
  • 57 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (9 months) 33.3 - 100 µg/L [2]
NOEC (7 months) 100 µg/L [2]
NOEC (6 months) 100 µg/L [1]
NOEC (3.733 months) 75 µg/L [1]
NOEC (3 months) 300 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 57
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 17
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 97 studies submitted
  • 41 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 35.4 - 112.5 µg/L [2]
IC50 (72 h) 136 - 150 µg/L [2]
NOEC (16 days) 1.071 mg/L [2]
NOEC (10 days) 100 µg/L [2]
NOEC (5 days) 313 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 41
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 55 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (72 h) 60 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 5.2 - 10 000 mg/L [2]
IC50 (4 h) 350 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4 h) 100 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.055 years) 776 mg/kg sediment dw [1]
NOEC (7 months) 250 mg/kg sediment dw [1]
NOEC (56 days) 850 mg/kg sediment dw [1]
NOEC (42 days) 455 - 1 770 mg/kg sediment dw [5]
NOEC (35 days) 201 - 369 mg/kg sediment dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 2
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 15 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 199 - 600 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (42 days) 195 - 1 634 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [12]
NOEC (21 days) 85 - 553 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (4.667 months) 178 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 15
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 300 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 32 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [16]
EC10 (42 days) 93 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (28 days) 14.6 - 399 mg/kg soil dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (5 months) 100 - 400 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (67 days) 300 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (56 days) 200 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (48 days) 33 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (45 days) 100 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 36 studies submitted
  • 35 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (6.067 months) 500 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (84 days) 17 - 200 mg/kg soil dw [5]
NOEC (63 days) 80 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (55 days) 50 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (52 days) 162 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 35
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 40 µg/kg bw/day effect on fertility
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 200 ng/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 83 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 830 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 14
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 51.1 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [6]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 3 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 270 - 510 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Highly toxic [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Relatively harmless [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
rat 4 h () [1]

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5 700 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No study available LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 20 - 31.52 mg/kg bw/day [2]
NOAEL (rat): 100 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 15 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 53.8 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEL (rat): 3 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 13.3 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 2.7 mg/m³ (subacute, guinea pig)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 26 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 19
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 11
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant