Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: 2-methylbutane
  • IUPAC name: 2-methylbutane
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
201-142-8
CAS no.:
78-78-4
Index number:
601-085-00-2
Molecular formula:
C5H12
SMILES:
CCC(C)C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C5H12/c1-4-5(2)3/h5H,4H2,1-3H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic, Petroleum product
Registered compositions:
14
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is an extremely flammable liquid and vapour and may cause drowsiness or dizziness.

Breakdown of all 689 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Asp. Tox. 1 H304 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H336 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 1 H224 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 2 H225
STOT SE 3 H335
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 27 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, perfumes and fragrances and cosmetics and personal care products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use as processing aid, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: industrial spraying, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, adhesives and sealants, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, laboratory chemicals and paper chemicals and dyes.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: textile, leather or fur, chemicals, rubber products and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, roller or brushing applications, laboratory work, transfer of substance into small containers, heat / pressure transfer fluids in closed systems and in materials as fuel sources, with limited exposure to unburned product to be expected.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, paper chemicals and dyes, polymers, water treatment chemicals and oil and gas exploration or production products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, laboratory chemicals, adhesives and sealants, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, paper chemicals and dyes, water treatment chemicals and oil and gas exploration or production products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand. Keep out of reach of children.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; take actions to prevent static discharges; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep container tightly closed; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); avoid release to the environment; use non-sparking tools; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. In case of fire: Use (measures specified by manufacturer/supplier) for extinction. Collect spillage. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. Do not induce vomiting. Get immediate medical advice/attention.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and Keeping it cool; in a well-ventilated place; locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Baker Hughes Ltd, The Ark, 201 Talgarth Road Hammersmith W6 8BJ London United Kingdom
  • BELOIL POLSKA Sp. z o.o., ul. Dzielna 58 01-029 Warszawa Poland
  • C.S.B. GmbH, Düsseldorfer Str. 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd (MATS), Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12X V7K Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • ECORD Sarl, 71/73 rue Victor Hugo 92400 COURBEVOIE France
  • ExxonMobil Petroleum & Chemical, BVBA, Polderdijkweg 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • Gazprom Marketing and Trading France18, 68 avenue des Champs-Elysées 75008 Paris France France
  • GRACE Catalyst AB, Industrivägen 44432 Stenungsund Sweden
  • GRACE GmbH, In der Hollerhecke 1 67545 Worms Germany
  • Gunvor International B.V., Barbara Strozzilaan 201 1083 HN Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Haltermann Carless Deutschland GmbH, Schlengendeich 17 21107 Hamburg Germany
  • Holborn Europa Raffinerie GmbH, Moorburger Strasse 18 21079 Hamburg Germany
  • INEOS Manufacturing Deutschland GmbH, Alte Strasse 201 50769 Koeln Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH 2, Stangenstrasse 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • ITELYUM Purification S.r.l., Via S. Intini n. 2 27015 Landriano (PV) Italy
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • MOL Hungarian Oil and Gas Public Limited Company, Oktober huszonharmadika 18 1117 Budapest Hungary
  • Neste Oyj, Keilaranta 21 FI-02150 Espoo Finland
  • Phillips 66 Limited - OR, 7th Floor 200-202 Aldersgate Street EC1A 4HD London United Kingdom
  • Puma Energy (UK) Limited, Westerleigh Terminal Oakley Green Farm Lane, Westerleigh BS37 8QE Bristol United Kingdom
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • Shell Nederland Raffinaderij B.V., Vondelingenweg 601 Postbus 3000 3196 KK Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Total Raffinage France, 2, place Jean Millier, La Défense 92400 Courbevoie France
  • Wilhelmshavener Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, Raffineriestrasse 1 26388 Wilhelmshaven Germany

Other names

  • -
  • 2-Methyl-butane
  • 2-Methylbutane
  • Butane, 2-methyl-
  • iso-pentane
  • Isopentane
  • isopentane; 2-methylbutane
  • Isopentate
  • izopentán
  • Not Applicable
  • 2-methylbutane
  • isopentane
  • 2-methylbutane
  • iso-pentane
  • isopentane
  • Isopentane fraction
  • Not Applicable
  • pentaani, iso-
  • Iso-Pentane
  • Isopentane

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Other (100%) [1]
C Odour
Faint (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-159.77 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-159 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
27.8 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
28 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
0.62 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
619

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
100 kPa @ 27.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
57.3 kPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Pow
9 930 @ 25 °C and pH 6.6 [1]
R Log Pow
2.72 - 4 @ 25 °C and pH 6.6 - 7 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
3.4 - 4 @ 20 - 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
48.5 mg/L @ 25 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
48 - 48.5 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
-51 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
-57 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
420 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
420 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.214 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
55.2 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
794.3

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 95.9 % [1]
R Water 3 % [1]
R Soil 0.1 % [1]
R Sediment 0.9 % [1]
R Suspended sediment 0 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 34.05 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
4.26 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOELR (28 days) 7.618 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (48 h) 59.44 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
2.3 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOELR (21 days) 13.29 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EL50 (72 h) 25.12 mg/L [1]
NOELR (72 h) 5.62 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3 000 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 432 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 643 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 214 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 214 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 25.3 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 20 - 30 mg/L air [2]
NOEC (rat): 2 220 - 6 646 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant