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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

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Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
2007
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted according to OECD Guideline 301 C but with deviations: no detail on material and methods
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no detail on material and methods
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
No data
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
- Concentration of sludge: 30 mg/L
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial conc.:
100 mg/L
Based on:
test mat.
Details on study design:
No data
Preliminary study:
No data
Test performance:
No data
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
>= 90 - <= 95
Sampling time:
28 d
Details on results:
- Indirect analysis (BOD): 91, 90 and 95%
- Direct analysis (GC): 100, 100 and 100%
Results with reference substance:
No data

None

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
Under the test conditions, alpha-pinene was readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

In a ready biodegradation study performed according to OECD Guideline 301 C, alpha-pinene was tested at concentrations of 100 mg/L and the inoculum was activated sludge (30 mg/L). The degradation of the test material was assessed by the determination of the oxygen consumption.

At 100 mg/L test concentration, 90 -95% degradation (biochemical oxygen demand) was reached in 28 days.

 

Under the test conditions, alpha-pinene was readily biodegradable.

 

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Study period:
2018-11-08 to 2018-11-08
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Remarks:
The value is not an experimental result, however the QSAR model is recommended by the ECHA guidance document on information requirements, is well documented with regard to validation parameters according to OECD principles. Moreover, the substance is fully characterised towards the applicability domain.
Justification for type of information:
QSAR prediction
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other:
Version / remarks:
Reach Guidance on QSAR - R.6
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
QSAR, Biowin v4.10. More details are given in QMRF/QPRF attached to the dossier.
GLP compliance:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- SMILES: CCCCCCCCOC(=O)C
- CHEM: octyl acetate
- MOL FOR: C10 H20 O2
- MOL WT: 172.27
Oxygen conditions:
not specified
Inoculum or test system:
not specified
Details on inoculum:
Not applicable.
Details on study design:
Not applicable.
Preliminary study:
Not applicable.
Test performance:
Not applicable.
Parameter:
probability of ready biodegradability (QSAR/QSPR)
Remarks on result:
readily biodegradable based on QSAR/QSPR prediction
Details on results:
Biowin1 (Linear Model Prediction) : Biodegrades Fast
Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast
Biowin3 (Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe): Days-Weeks
Biowin4 (Primary Biodegradation Timeframe): Days
Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model Prediction) : Readily Degradable
Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model Prediction): Readily Degradable
Biowin7 (Anaerobic Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast
Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES
Results with reference substance:
Not applicable.

Please see the attached documents.

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not applicable
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
It is expected that the substance is readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

The ready biodegradation property of the substance was investigated using QSAR approach with Biowin v4.10 plug-in from EPISUITE v4.1 from US EPA.

Biowin 1, 2, 5 & 6 are the most relevant because they are quantitative models while the others are semi-quatitative.

Therefore, it's expected that the substance is readily biodegradable.

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Study period:
1980
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted according to OECD Guideline 301 C but with deviations: no detail on material and methods
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no detail on material and methods
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
No data
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
- Concentration of sludge: 30 ppm
Duration of test (contact time):
14 d
Initial conc.:
100 other: ppm
Based on:
test mat.
Details on study design:
No data
Preliminary study:
No data
Test performance:
No data
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
>= 41 - <= 98
Sampling time:
14 d
Details on results:
- Indirect analysis (BOD): 41, 81 and 98%
- Direct analysis (GC): 100%
- Direct analysis (TOC): 50, 73 and 81%
Results with reference substance:
No data

None

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
Under the test conditions, the test item was readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

In a ready biodegradation study performed according to OECD Guideline 301 C, the test item was tested at concentrations of 100 ppm and the inoculum was activated sludge (30 ppm). The degradation of the test material was assessed by the determination of the oxygen consumption.

At 100 ppm test concentration, 41-98% degradation by biochemical oxygen demand was reached in 14 days.

 

Under the test conditions, the test item was readily biodegradable.

 

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Study period:
2018-11-09 to 2018-11-09
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Remarks:
The value is not an experimental result, however the QSAR model is recommended by the ECHA guidance document on information requirements, is well documented with regard to validation parameters according to OECD principles. Moreover, the substance is fully characterised towards the applicability domain.
Justification for type of information:
QSAR prediction.
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Reach Guidance on QSAR - R.6
Deviations:
no
Principles of method if other than guideline:
QSAR, Biowin v4.10. More details are given in QMRF/QPRF attached to the dossier.
GLP compliance:
no
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- SMILES: CCCCCCCCO
- MOL FOR:C8 H18 O1
- MOL WT: 130.23
Oxygen conditions:
not specified
Inoculum or test system:
not specified
Details on inoculum:
Not applicable.
Details on study design:
Not applicable.
Preliminary study:
Not applicable.
Test performance:
Not applicable.
Parameter:
probability of ready biodegradability (QSAR/QSPR)
Remarks on result:
readily biodegradable based on QSAR/QSPR prediction
Details on results:
Biowin1 (Linear Model Prediction) : Biodegrades Fast
Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast
Biowin3 (Ultimate Biodegradation Timeframe): Days-Weeks
Biowin4 (Primary Biodegradation Timeframe): Days
Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model Prediction) : Readily Degradable
Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model Prediction): Readily Degradable
Biowin7 (Anaerobic Model Prediction): Biodegrades Fast
Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES
Results with reference substance:
Not applicable.

Please see the attached documents.

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not applicable
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
It is expected that the substance is readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

The ready biodegradation property of the substance was investigated using QSAR approach with Biowin v4.10 plug-in from EPISUITE v4.1 from US EPA.

Biowin 1, 2, 5 & 6 are the most relevant because they are quantitative models while the others are semi-quatitative.

Therefore, it's expected that the substance is readily biodegradable.

Description of key information

Based on a Weight of Evidence approach with individual data on constituents, the registered substance can be regarded as readily biodegradable.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
readily biodegradable

Additional information

Based on the typical composition, the substance is composed at 78.2% of readily biodegradable constituents.

In total, ca. 78.2% of the substance is composed by readily biodegradable constituents.

Based on a Weight of Evidence approach, it can therefore be possible to consider that the substance is readily biodegradable.