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Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin Sensitization:

The skin sensitization potential of Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was estimated by SSS (2017) using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor. Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was predicted to be not sensitizing to the skin of female Pirbright- Hartley guinea pigs.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin sensitisation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin sensitisation
Remarks:
in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
data is from OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 and the QMRF report has been attached
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Type of study:
other: Estimated data
Justification for non-LLNA method:
not specified
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of the test chemical: Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate
Molecular Formula: C22H17N4Na3O13S4
Molecular Weight: 742.6253 g/mol
SMILES Notation: [Na+].CC1C(N=Nc2ccc3c(S(=O)(=O)[O-])cccc3c2S(=O)(=O)[O])C(=O)N(c2ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(=O)(=O)[O-])cc2)N=1.[Na+].[Na+]
InChI: 1S/C22H20N4O13S4.3Na/c1-13-20(22(27)26(25-13)14-5-7-15(8-6-14)40(28,29)12-11-39-43(36,37)38)24-23-18-10-9-16-17(21(18)42(33,34)35)3-2-4-19(16)41(30,31)32;;;/h2-10,20H,11-12H2,1H3,(H,30,31,32)(H,33,34,35)(H,36,37,38);;;/q;3*+1/p-3/b24-23+;;;
Substance Type: Organic
Physical State: Solid
Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
Pirbright-Hartley
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
no data available
Route:
intradermal
Vehicle:
not specified
Adequacy of induction:
not specified
No.:
#1
Route:
epicutaneous, open
Vehicle:
not specified
Adequacy of challenge:
not specified
No. of animals per dose:
15
Details on study design:
no data available
Challenge controls:
no data available
Positive control substance(s):
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified
Concentration:
no data available
No. of animals per dose:
no data available
Details on study design:
no data available
Statistics:
no data available
Positive control results:
no data available
Other effects / acceptance of results:
no data available
Reading:
1st reading
Group:
test group
Dose level:
no data available
Clinical observations:
no dermal reactions observed
Remarks on result:
no indication of skin sensitisation
Cellular proliferation data / Observations:
no data available

The prediction was based on dataset comprised from the following descriptors: "Skin Sensitisation"
Estimation method: Takes highest mode value from the 6 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and "h" )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and "o" )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and "s" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Naphthalene sulfonic acids, condensates by OECD HPV Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Vinyl Sulfones by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones  by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3 ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo by Protein binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinones OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide Side Chain OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Quinones OR Non-specific OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    OR Non-specific >> Incorporation into DNA/RNA, due to structural analogy with  nucleoside bases    >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR Radical OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Amino Anthraquinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitro Azoarenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Quinones OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species OR SN1 >> Alkylation after metabolically formed carbenium ion species >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Amino Anthraquinones OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Fused-Ring Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitro Azoarenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic substitution on diazonium ions >> Specific Imine and Thione Derivatives OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after P450-mediated metabolic activation >> Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group AND Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates AND SN2 AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom AND SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo by Protein binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND Group All log Kow < -3.1 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group CNS log Kow < 0.5 AND Group CNS log Kow < -2 AND Group CNS Melting Point > 120 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 50 C AND Group CNS Molecular Weight > 620 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group C Surface Tension > 62 mN/m OR (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 400 g/kg OR Group All log Kow > 9 OR Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group C Melting Point > 55 C OR Group C Molecular Weight > 350 g/mol OR Group C Vapour Pressure < 0.0001 Pa OR Group CHal log Kow > 4.5 OR Group CHal Melting Point > 65 C OR Group CHal Molecular Weight > 280 g/mol OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CN log Kow > 4.5 OR Group CN log Kow > 5.5 OR Group CN Melting Point > 180 C OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 290 g/mol OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 540 g/mol OR Group CN Vapour Pressure < 0.001 Pa OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.001 g/L OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CNHal log Kow > 3.8 OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 370 g/mol OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 380 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters of organic sulfonic or sulfuric esters by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aromatic amines by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not categorized by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Benzene/ Naphthalene sulfonic acids (Less susceptible) Rank C OR Thiocarbamates/Sulfides (Hepatotoxicity) No rank by Repeated dose (HESS)

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Similarity boundary:Target: CC1C(N=Nc2ccc3c(S(=O)(=O)O{-}.[Na]{+})cccc3c2S(=O)(=O)O{-}.[Na]{+})C(=O)N(c2ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(=O)(=O)O{-}.[Na]{+})cc2)N=1
Threshold=20%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not possible to classify according to these rules by DPRA Lysine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Low reactive OR Low reactive >> N-substituted aromatic amides by DPRA Lysine peptide depletion

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -7.06

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= -1.08

Interpretation of results:
other: not sensitizing
Conclusions:
Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was predicted to be not sensitizing to the skin of female Pirbright- Hartley guinea pigs.
Executive summary:

The skin sensitization potential of Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was estimated by SSS (2017) using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor. Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was predicted to be not sensitizing to the skin of female Pirbright- Hartley guinea pigs.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Additional information:

Skin Sensitization:

Several studies were performed to determine the extent of dermal sensitization caused by Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate in living organisms. These studies include in vivo studies in rabbits as well as predicted data for the target chemical as well its structurally similar read across substances,trisodium 5-hydroxy-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-4-(4-sulphophenylazo)pyrazole-3-carboxylate(Tartrazine)[CAS: 1934-21 -0], 1-(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl-1-azo)-6 sulfo-2-hydroxynapthalene,disodium salt ( ALLURA RED AC)[CAS: 25956-17-6] and Tetrasodium (3E)-6-amino-4-oxo-3-(2-{7 -sulfinato-4-[(E)-2-(4-sulfonatophenyl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalen-1-yl}hydrazin-1-ylidene)-3,4-dihydronaphthalene-2,7-disulfonate(CI Food Black 2)[CAS: 2118-39-0]. Thepredicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data.

The skin sensitization potential of Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5 -disulfonate was estimated by SSS (2017) using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3 with log kow as the primary descriptor. Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate was predicted to be not sensitizing to the skin of female Pirbright- Hartley guinea pigs.

A modified Buehler and Klecak method for open epicutaneous testing[OET] was performed by JOE DINARDO et.al [JOURNAL OF COSMETIC SCIENCE, 58, 209-214 May/June 2007] to assess the sensitization potential of structurallysimilar read across substance, trisodium 5-hydroxy-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-4-(4-sulphophenylazo)pyrazole-3-carboxylate(Tartrazine)[CAS: 1934-21-0].

Tartrazine was tested at an induction concentration of 10% and challenge concentrations of 10.0%, 5.0%, and 2 .5%.

For the induction phase, the left flanks of ten albino guinea pigs were shaved and the dye test material applied three times weekly (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) for three consecutive weeks. Each animal received 0.1 ml of the dye test material over a 1.8-cm circular area. Following the induction period, the guinea pigs entered the challenge phase. The challenge phase began after a two-week rest period when the right flank of each guinea pig was shaved and exposed to three different dye test material concentrations(10.0%, 5.0%, and 2 .5%). Twenty-four hours after the last induction and challenge application, the animals were depilated to clearly observe dermal reactions.

All test sites were graded for erythema and edema 24 and 48 hours post-application using a four-point ordinal scale. A positive control of 0.5% 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene(DNCB) in ethanol was included for both the induction and challenge phases. Since a positive response was observed in the challenge exposure at 10% challenge exposure, Tartrazine was retested using a 1% induction exposure and challenge concentrations of 1.0%, 0.5%, and 0.25%.

Tartazine produced a positive reaction at 10% challenge exposure, but in the retest no reactions were observed at 1%, 0.5 and 0.25% challenge concentrations.

Hence, it was considered that Tartrazine does not induce any sensitization in guinea pigs when tested below 10% concentration.

These results are supported by the Draize-Shelanski repeated insult patch test conducted (HSDB (Hazardous Substances Data Bank)for allura red acid dye AC.U.S National Library of Medicine ; 2011) on 200 human volunteers to assess the sensitization potential of the structurally similar read across substance,1-(2-methoxy-5-methyl-4-sulfophenyl-1-azo)-6 sulfo-2-hydroxynapthalene,disodium salt ( ALLURA RED AC)[CAS: 25956-17-6]. Disodium 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-4-sulphonato-m-tolyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate was applied to the subject's volvar forearms as an aqueous solution for 10 alternate days, for 24-hour periods, followed by a 14-day rest period. Challenge treatment were then applied under occlusion to fresh skin sites on the subjects scapular backs for 24 hours. Disodium 6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-4-sulphonato-m-tolyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate did not produce any skin allergic reaction in the induction as well as challenge treatment.

Hence, Disodium6-hydroxy-5-[(2-methoxy-4-sulphonato-m-tolyl)azo]naphthalene-2-sulphonate was considered to be not sensitizing to skin .

These results are also supported by the experimental study summarized in Scientific Committee on Cosmetology (seventh series), 1988; for the structurally similar read across substance, Tetrasodium (3E)-6-amino-4-oxo-3-(2-{7-sulfinato-4-[(E)-2-(4-sulfonatophenyl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalen-1-yl}hydrazin-1-ylidene)-3,4-dihydronaphthalene-2,7-disulfonate(CI Food Black 2)[CAS: 2118-39-0]. During the induction phase, Guinea pigs were subcutaneously given 10 doses of 1ml of 0.05-0.1% solution in isotonic saline (duration of exposure, number of animals not specified).A challenge test was also conducted after 14 days of induction.

No dermal reactions were observed in guinea pigs during the induction and challenge exposure. Hence, C.I. Food Black 2 can be considered to be not sensitizing to guinea pig skin.

Available studies for the target and structurally similar read across substances indicate a very strong possibility ofTrisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonatebeing not sensitizing to skin. Hence,Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonatecan be considered to be not a skin sensitizer. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, test chemical can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Respiratory sensitisation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Justification for classification or non-classification

Available data for Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate indicates that it is not likely to cause any dermal sensitization to skin.

Trisodium 2-[(E)-2-(3-methyl-5-oxo-1-{4-[2-(sulfonatooxy)ethanesulfonyl]phenyl}-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]naphthalene-1,5-disulfonate can be considered to be not sensitizer to skin and can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.