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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Symptoms and effects
Dust may be irritating to the respiratory tract and cause symptoms of bronchitis. Oral uptake may lead quickly to serious systemic effects with symptoms like vomiting and/or shock, that can result in a dangerous and potentially fatal intoxication, especially if decontamination and medical treatment is delayed!

First aid
General
Always seek medical attention. Do not delay treatment of exposed individuals, death may result!

Inhalation
Bring the victim(s) to fresh air and place in a stable position.
If experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a doctor and show the safety data sheet!
In case of breathing arrest immediately apply breathing and cardiac resuscitation and call immediately the emergency doctor!

Skin
Remove immediately contaminated clothes and shoes and rinse skin with plenty of water. In case of extensive skin contamination use the emergency shower or, if available, emergency tub filled with a saturated NaHCO3 solution and remove clothes and shoes while decontaminating. Call immediately the emergency doctor!
Always consult a doctor and show the safety data sheet!

Eye
Keep eyelids open and rinse immediately with plenty of water or eye wash fluid for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do, continue rinsing.
Always consult a doctor and show the safety data sheet!

Ingestion
Clean mouth with water and drink afterwards plenty of water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Do not induce vomiting. Take victim immediately to hospital!
Apply immediately gastric lavage under qualified medical supervision as soon, preferably introduced under endoscopic control!

Advice to physician
Timely administration of 50 mg/kg bw sodium dichloroacetate (SDCA) intravenously for 10 minutes may be lifesaving in case of serious monochloroacetate intoxication.
For a treatment protocol contact the nearest Poison Information Center and ask for IPCS INTOX PIM 352 (http://inchem.org/documents/pims/chemical/pim352.htm).

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Water spray, alcohol resistant foam, Carbon dioxide (CO2), dry chemical powder.

Unsuitable extinguishing media
none known

Hazardous decomposition / combustion products
Hydrogen chloride, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide (no phosgene is formed if product is burned in an open fire).

Protective equipment
Use self-contained respiratory equipment and acid-resistant full protective suit..

Other information
Water used to extinguish a fire should not be allowed to enter public water systems but retained. If MCA contaminated water enters public water systems or natural waters, the authorities should be informed immediately.

Fire and explosion hazard
Product can burn with evolution of hazardous combustion products. Dust may form explosive mixture in air.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions
Avoid contact with mouth, skin and eyes. Do not breathe dust. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using
this product. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. For personal
protection see also Section Exposure Controls/Personal Precautions.

Environmental precautions
Do not allow to enter drains or water courses. Keep sheltered from rain and water from firefighting.
Methods for cleaning up
Collect as much as possible in a clean container for (preferable) reuse or disposal. Flush
surroundings with water and collect the cleaning water in suited containers or tanks.
Dispose of contaminated cleaning water as waste or sent to special treatment. No disposal in sewage treatment plants, unless residual levels are below the PNECSWTP.

Handling and storage

Handling
No smoking, eating and drinking in work areas.
Keep as much as possible in closed systems. Handle in well ventilated areas.
Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing, do not breathe dust. Use PPE as prescribed.
Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the work place.
Install a thermostatically controlled (30°C) emergency tub with a saturated NaHCO3 solution wherever this product is handled.

Fire and explosion prevention
Normal measures for preventive fire protection.

Storage requirements
Store in the original container/packaging. Keep container tightly closed. Store in a dry and cool place, protected from heat and direct sunlight.
Store in stainless steel type 316L, glass-lined steel, PVC, PE, PP or fluoropolymers.

Other information
Do not store together with food stuffs. Store locked-up.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
2659
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
SODIUM CHLOROACETATE
Chemical name:
Sodium chloroacetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances; Division 6.1
Subsidiary hazard(s):
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances; Division 6.1
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
6.1
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
2659
Shippingopen allclose all
Class or division:
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances; Division 6.1
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
2659
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Sodium chloroacetate
Chemical name:
Sodium chloroacetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances; Division 6.1
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
EmS code:
F-A
S-A
Labels:
6.1
Marine pollutant
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
2659
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Sodium chloroacetate
Chemical name:
Sodium chloroacetate
Language:
English
Class or division:
Class 6: Toxic and infectious substances; Division 6.1
Packing group:
Packing group III: Substances presenting low danger
Labels:
6.1
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Engineering controls
Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust or vapours are formed.

Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection:
Full face mask with filter type P2 or P3.
Respiratory protection complying with EN 143.

Hand protection:
PVC, thickness: >= 0.6 mm, break through time: > 480 min
Butyl rubber, thickness: >= 0.6 mm, break through time: > 480 min
Protective gloves complying with EN 374.
Gloves should be discarded and replaced if there is any indication of degradation or chemical breakthrough.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles.
Wear face-shield in case exposure to dust is likely.

Body protection:
Wear protective suit in case contact with the solid is likely.

Stability and reactivity

Conditions to avoid
Extremes of temperature and direct sunlight.

Stability
Stable under normal conditions. Thermal decomposition above 150 °C.

Incompatibles
Danger of explosion with alkali, strong oxidising agents, amines.

Hazardous decomposition products
Hydrogen chloride, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide. See also Section FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

Disposal considerations

Product

Hazardous waste.
Do not contaminate ponds, waterways or ditches with chemical or used container.
Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local regulation.

Contaminated packaging
Hazardous waste.
Dispose of in accordance with local regulation.
Returnable containers should be sent back to supplier or to permitted cleaning station for reuse.