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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1992
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1992
Report Date:
1992

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
- Substance type: pigment, powder
- Physical state: solid
- Purity test date: no data
- Lot/batch No.: Misch.PA1+3/91
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: January 1997
- Stability under test conditions: yes
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature

Method

Target gene:
his, trp
Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Species / strain / cell type:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
Aroclor 1254 induced rat liver S9-mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
20 - 5000 µg/0.1 mL in the toxicity test;
312.5 - 5000 µg/0.1 mL in the mutagenicity tests
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: Dimethylsulfoxide
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: see table 1
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar (plate incorporation)

DURATION
- Exposure duration: 48 hours
- Expression time (cells in growth medium): 48 hours

NUMBER OF REPLICATIONS: 3

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: relative total growth

Evaluation criteria:
The test substance is considered to be positive in this test system if one or both of the following conditions are met:
- at least a reproducible doubling of the mean number of revertants per plate above that of the negative control at any concentration level for one or more of the following strains: TA 98, TA 1535, TA 1537 and E. coli WP2uvrA,
- a reproducible increase of the mean number of revertants per plate for any concentration above that of the negative control by at least a factor of 1.5 for strain TA 100.
Generally a concentration-related effect should be demonstrable.
Statistics:
A statistical analysis has not been performed. Statistical methods concerning this particular test system are only used at the limits of the criteria for a positive response.

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
E. coli WP2 uvr A
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative