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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
May 07, 1992 - June 12, 1992
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1992
Report Date:
1992

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Version / remarks:
OECD 1981, updated Guideline adopted Februaty 24, 1987
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Batch: E919140



Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: SAVO-Ivanovas, Kißlegg
- Age at study initiation: about 28 weeks
- Weight at study initiation:3.24 (3.13 - 3.43) kg
- Housing: separately in special rabbit cages (manufacturer: Hulskamp, type KK 017)
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: more than 7 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21 - 32°C
- Humidity (%): 39 - 61%

IN-LIFE DATES: From: day 1 To: day 8

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1g per animal
Observation period (in vivo):
24, 48, and 72 hours, then daily up to day 8 of the experimental part
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 (1 male & 2 female)
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): no

SCORING SYSTEM: according OECD-Guideline

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: hand-slit lamp / fluorescein

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
2
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 48 hours
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
4
Irritant / corrosive response data:
In the primary eye irritation test, no abnormalities of the cornea and iris were observed. The conjunctivae showed redness (score 1) in all animals at 24 h which was fully reversibke wihtin 48 hours.
Other effects:
none

Any other information on results incl. tables

Study design

To test for primary eye irritation, the test material was instilled into the conjunctival say of rabbits. The first examination of the treated eye followed 1 hour after instillation. The examinations were performed daily for further 7 days.

Results

In the primary eye irritation test, no abnormalities of the cornea and iris were observed. The conjunctivae showed redness (score 1) in all animals at 24 h which was fully reversible within 48 hours. The animal's individual mean scores (considering readings at 24 h, 28 h, and 72 h after installation of the test material) were below 1.0.


Conclusion

According to these results, for regulatory purposes the test material has to be classified as non-irritant for the eyes.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
According to these results, the test item is not considered to be classified as eye irritant as all animal's individual mean scores (considering readings at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after installation of the test material) were below 1.0.
Executive summary:

The study was performed according to OECD 405 under GLP conditions. According to these results, for regulatory purposes there is no need for classification for eye irritation.