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EC number: 947-794-3 | CAS number: -
- Life Cycle description
- Uses advised against
- Endpoint summary
- Appearance / physical state / colour
- Melting point / freezing point
- Boiling point
- Density
- Particle size distribution (Granulometry)
- Vapour pressure
- Partition coefficient
- Water solubility
- Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility
- Surface tension
- Flash point
- Auto flammability
- Flammability
- Explosiveness
- Oxidising properties
- Oxidation reduction potential
- Stability in organic solvents and identity of relevant degradation products
- Storage stability and reactivity towards container material
- Stability: thermal, sunlight, metals
- pH
- Dissociation constant
- Viscosity
- Additional physico-chemical information
- Additional physico-chemical properties of nanomaterials
- Nanomaterial agglomeration / aggregation
- Nanomaterial crystalline phase
- Nanomaterial crystallite and grain size
- Nanomaterial aspect ratio / shape
- Nanomaterial specific surface area
- Nanomaterial Zeta potential
- Nanomaterial surface chemistry
- Nanomaterial dustiness
- Nanomaterial porosity
- Nanomaterial pour density
- Nanomaterial photocatalytic activity
- Nanomaterial radical formation potential
- Nanomaterial catalytic activity
- Endpoint summary
- Stability
- Biodegradation
- Bioaccumulation
- Transport and distribution
- Environmental data
- Additional information on environmental fate and behaviour
- Ecotoxicological Summary
- Aquatic toxicity
- Endpoint summary
- Short-term toxicity to fish
- Long-term toxicity to fish
- Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
- Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates
- Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
- Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae
- Toxicity to microorganisms
- Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo
- Toxicity to other aquatic organisms
- Sediment toxicity
- Terrestrial toxicity
- Biological effects monitoring
- Biotransformation and kinetics
- Additional ecotoxological information
- Toxicological Summary
- Toxicokinetics, metabolism and distribution
- Acute Toxicity
- Irritation / corrosion
- Sensitisation
- Repeated dose toxicity
- Genetic toxicity
- Carcinogenicity
- Toxicity to reproduction
- Specific investigations
- Exposure related observations in humans
- Toxic effects on livestock and pets
- Additional toxicological data
Adsorption / desorption
Administrative data
Link to relevant study record(s)
- Endpoint:
- adsorption / desorption: screening
- Remarks:
- adsorption
- Type of information:
- (Q)SAR
- Adequacy of study:
- key study
- Reliability:
- 2 (reliable with restrictions)
- Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
- results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
- Justification for type of information:
- 1. SOFTWARE
Individual model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Programs Interface (EPI) Suite.
2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOCWIN v2.00 included in EPISuite v 4.11, 2000-2012.
3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
A SMILES NOTATION was entered in the initial data entry screen. In the structure window, the molecular weight, structural formula and the structure of the input SMILES notation is shown.
4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
a. Defined endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as log Koc.
b. Dependent variable: KOCWIN estimates log Koc with two separate estimation methodologies:
(1) Estimation using first order Molecular Connecitivity Index (MCI),
(2) Estimation using log Kow (octanol-water partition coefficient)
c. Algorithm:
Log Koc according to MCI method is calculated using the formula:
log Koc = 0.5213 MCI + 0.60 + ΣPfN
(ΣPfN is the sum of all relevant correction factor coefficients multiplied by the number (N) of that factor in each chemical structure)
Log Koc according to the log Kow method is calculated using two formulas (depending on the polarity of the substance):
log Koc = 0.8679 log Kow - 0.0004 (Non-polar substances)
log Koc = 0.55313 log Kow + 0.9251 + ΣPfN (polar substances)
d. Descriptor values:
Log Kow method:
For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method an experimentally determined log Kow of 3.2 - 4.0 was used (Currenta, 2017).
e. Applicability domain: The minimum and maximum values for molecular weight are the following:
Training Set Molecular Weights: 32.04-665.02 g/mol,
Validation Set Molecular Weights: 27.03-991.15 g/mol
f. Statistics for goodness-of-fit:
Statistical accuracy of MCI methodology for training and validation set:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 69
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.967
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.247
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.199
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.900
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.340
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.273
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 158
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.850
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.583
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.459
Statistical accuracy of Log Koc methodology:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 68
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.877
Standard deviation: 0.478
Average deviation: 0.371
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.855
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.396
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.307
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 150
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.778
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.679
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.494
g. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. This characteristic is triggered by lipophilic character of substances but may be modified by certain molecular fragments that need to be considered by application of correction factors. The Log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical’s likeliness to adsorb to organic carbon.
h. The uncertainty of the prediction (OECD principle 4): 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol is not highly complex and the rules applied for the substance appear appropriate. An individual uncertainty for the investigated substance is not available.
5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
a. Descriptor domains:
i. Molecular weights: With a molecular weight of 399.58 g/mol 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the range of the validation set (27 -– 991 g/mol).
ii. Structural fragment domain: Regarding the structure of 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete and listed in Appendix D (KOCWIN Fragment and Correction Factor descriptors). For log Koc estimation according to MCI method no fragment descriptors were applied. For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method the log Kow of 3.2 - 4.0 (experimentally determined, Currenta 2017) was used.
iii. Mechanism domain: No information available.
iv. Metabolic domain: Not relevant.
b. Structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
i. Considerations on structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
a. Regulatory purpose: The data may be used under any regulatory purpose.
b. Approach for regulatory interpretation of the model result: If no experimental data are available, the estimated value may be used to fill data gaps needed for hazard and risk assessment, classification and labelling and PBT / vPvB assessment. Further the value is used for other calculations.
c. Outcome: The prediction of organic carbon partition coefficient yields a useful result for further evaluation.
d. Conclusion: The result is considered as useful for regulatory purposes. - Guideline:
- other: REACH guidance QSARs R6, May/July 2008
- Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Estimation Program Interface EPI-Suite version 4.11: KOCWIN (v2.00) for the estimation of the organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficient for soil and sediment (Koc).
The Estimation Program Interface was developed by the US Environmental Agency's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, and Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC). © 2000 - 2012 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for EPI SuiteTM (Published online in November 2012). - GLP compliance:
- no
- Type of method:
- other: Estimation
- Media:
- soil
- Radiolabelling:
- no
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- >= 2.83 - <= 3.27 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- 5.48 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- >= 680 - <= 1 885 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- 304 400 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Validity criteria fulfilled:
- not applicable
- Conclusions:
- The QSAR determination of the carbon partition coefficient for 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol using the model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v4.11 revealed values of 680 - 1885 L/kg (logKow method) and 3.044E5 L/kg (MCI method) for the unaffected molecule of the substance as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
- Executive summary:
The organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) for 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenolw as predicted using the QSAR calculation of the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v 4.11. The Koc was estimated to be 680 - 1885 L/kg (logKow method), and 3.044E5 L/kg (MCI method). The results relate to the unaffected molecule of the substance as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
Referenceopen allclose all
Validity of the model:
1. Defined Endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as logarithmic Koc and Koc
2. Unambigous algorithm: The molecule is first classified as a polar substance. Based on structure of the molecule, the following fragments were applied: nitrogen to carbon (-N-C) group (aliphatic attach) and hydroxy group (aromatic attach). The number of times of the fragments that occurs in the structure of the substance applied by the program is verified. For estimation of logKoc according to the logKow method the determined logKow of 3.2 - 4.0 (Currenta, 2017) was used.
3. Applicable domain: With a molecular weight of 399.58 g/mol the substance is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the validation set (27 - 991 g/mol). Regarding the structure of 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol, the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete.
4a. Statistical characteristics (MCI method): N training set without corrections = 69; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 158; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.967; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.900; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.850.
4b. Statistical characteristics (Kow method): N training set without corrections = 68; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 150; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.877; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.855; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.778.
5. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. The log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical's likeliness to adsob to organic carbon.
6. Adequacy of prediction: The result for 2,6-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol falls within the applicability domain described above and the estimation rules applied for the substance appears appropriate.
- Endpoint:
- adsorption / desorption: screening
- Remarks:
- adsorption
- Type of information:
- (Q)SAR
- Adequacy of study:
- key study
- Reliability:
- 2 (reliable with restrictions)
- Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
- results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
- Justification for type of information:
- 1. SOFTWARE
Individual model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Programs Interface (EPI) Suite.
2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOCWIN v2.00 included in EPISuite v 4.11, 2000-2012.
3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
A SMILES NOTATION was entered in the initial data entry screen. In the structure window, the molecular weight, structural formula and the structure of the input SMILES notation is shown.
4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
a. Defined endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as log Koc.
b. Dependent variable: KOCWIN estimates log Koc with two separate estimation methodologies:
(1) Estimation using first order Molecular Connecitivity Index (MCI),
(2) Estimation using log Kow (octanol-water partition coefficient)
c. Algorithm:
Log Koc according to MCI method is calculated using the formula:
log Koc = 0.5213 MCI + 0.60 + ΣPfN
(ΣPfN is the sum of all relevant correction factor coefficients multiplied by the number (N) of that factor in each chemical structure)
Log Koc according to the log Kow method is calculated using two formulas (depending on the polarity of the substance):
log Koc = 0.8679 log Kow - 0.0004 (Non-polar substances)
log Koc = 0.55313 log Kow + 0.9251 + ΣPfN (polar substances)
d. Descriptor values:
Log Kow method:
For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method an experimentally determined log Kow of 3.2 - 4.0 was used (Currenta, 2017).
e. Applicability domain: The minimum and maximum values for molecular weight are the following:
Training Set Molecular Weights: 32.04-665.02 g/mol,
Validation Set Molecular Weights: 27.03-991.15 g/mol
f. Statistics for goodness-of-fit:
Statistical accuracy of MCI methodology for training and validation set:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 69
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.967
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.247
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.199
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.900
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.340
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.273
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 158
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.850
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.583
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.459
Statistical accuracy of Log Koc methodology:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 68
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.877
Standard deviation: 0.478
Average deviation: 0.371
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.855
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.396
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.307
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 150
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.778
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.679
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.494
g. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. This characteristic is triggered by lipophilic character of substances but may be modified by certain molecular fragments that need to be considered by application of correction factors. The Log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical’s likeliness to adsorb to organic carbon.
h. The uncertainty of the prediction (OECD principle 4): 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol is not highly complex and the rules applied for the substance appear appropriate. An individual uncertainty for the investigated substance is not available.
5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
a. Descriptor domains:
i. Molecular weights: With a molecular weight of 342.49 g/mol the substance is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the range of the validation set (27 -– 991 g/mol).
ii. Structural fragment domain: Regarding the structure of 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete and listed in Appendix D (KOCWIN Fragment and Correction Factor descriptors). For log Koc estimation according to MCI method no fragment descriptors were applied. For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method the log Kow of 3.2 - 4.0 (experimentally determined, Currenta, 2017) was used.
iii. Mechanism domain: No information available.
iv. Metabolic domain: Not relevant.
b. Structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
i. Considerations on structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
a. Regulatory purpose: The data may be used under any regulatory purpose.
b. Approach for regulatory interpretation of the model result: If no experimental data are available, the estimated value may be used to fill data gaps needed for hazard and risk assessment, classification and labelling and PBT / vPvB assessment. Further the value is used for other calculations.
c. Outcome: The prediction of organic carbon partition coefficient yields a useful result for further evaluation.
d. Conclusion: The result is considered as useful for regulatory purposes. - Guideline:
- other: REACH guidance QSARs R6, May/July 2008
- Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Estimation Program Interface EPI-Suite version 4.11: KOCWIN (v2.00) for the estimation of the organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficient for soil and sediment (Koc).
The Estimation Program Interface was developed by the US Environmental Agency's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, and Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC). © 2000 - 2012 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for EPI SuiteTM (Published online in November 2012). - GLP compliance:
- no
- Type of method:
- other: Estimation
- Media:
- soil
- Radiolabelling:
- no
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- >= 2.9 - <= 3.34 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- 5.18 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- >= 791 - <= 2 191 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- 151 700 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Validity criteria fulfilled:
- not applicable
- Conclusions:
- The QSAR determination of the carbon partition coefficient for Substance using the model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v4.11 revealed values of 791 - 2191 L/kg (logKow method) and 1.517E5 L/kg (MCI method) for the unaffected molecule of 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
- Executive summary:
The organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) for 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol was predicted using the QSAR calculation of the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v 4.11. The Koc was estimated to be 791 - 2191 L/kg (logKow method), and 1.517E5 L/kg (MCI method). The results relate to the unaffected molecule of the substance as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
Validity of the model:
1. Defined Endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as logarithmic Koc and Koc
2. Unambigous algorithm: The molecule is first classified as a polar substance. Based on structure of the molecule, the following fragments were applied: nitrogen to carbon (-N-C) group (aliphatic attach) and hydroxy group (aromatic attach). The number of times of the fragments that occurs in the structure of the substance applied by the program is verified. For estimation of logKoc according to the logKow method the determined logKow of 3.2 - 4.0 (Currenta, 2017) was used.
3. Applicable domain: With a molecular weight of 342.49 g/mol the substance is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the validation set (27 - 991 g/mol). Regarding the structure of 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol, the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete.
4a. Statistical characteristics (MCI method): N training set without corrections = 69; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 158; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.967; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.900; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.850.
4b. Statistical characteristics (Kow method): N training set without corrections = 68; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 150; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.877; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.855; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.778.
5. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. The log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical's likeliness to adsob to organic carbon.
6. Adequacy of prediction: The result for 2-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-4-(1-{3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)phenol falls within the applicability domain described above and the estimation rules applied for the substance appears appropriate.
- Endpoint:
- adsorption / desorption: screening
- Remarks:
- adsorption
- Type of information:
- (Q)SAR
- Adequacy of study:
- key study
- Reliability:
- 2 (reliable with restrictions)
- Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
- results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
- Justification for type of information:
- 1. SOFTWARE
Individual model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Programs Interface (EPI) Suite.
2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOCWIN v2.00 included in EPISuite v 4.11, 2000-2012.
3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
A SMILES NOTATION was entered in the initial data entry screen. In the structure window, the molecular weight, structural formula and the structure of the input SMILES notation is shown.
4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
a. Defined endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as log Koc.
b. Dependent variable: KOCWIN estimates log Koc with two separate estimation methodologies:
(1) Estimation using first order Molecular Connecitivity Index (MCI),
(2) Estimation using log Kow (octanol-water partition coefficient)
c. Algorithm:
Log Koc according to MCI method is calculated using the formula:
log Koc = 0.5213 MCI + 0.60 + ΣPfN
(ΣPfN is the sum of all relevant correction factor coefficients multiplied by the number (N) of that factor in each chemical structure)
Log Koc according to the log Kow method is calculated using two formulas (depending on the polarity of the substance):
log Koc = 0.8679 log Kow - 0.0004 (Non-polar substances)
log Koc = 0.55313 log Kow + 0.9251 + ΣPfN (polar substances)
d. Descriptor values:
Log Kow method:
For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method an experimentally determined log Kow range of 3.2 - 4.0 was used (Currenta, 2018).
e. Applicability domain: The minimum and maximum values for molecular weight are the following:
Training Set Molecular Weights: 32.04-665.02 g/mol,
Validation Set Molecular Weights: 27.03-991.15 g/mol
f. Statistics for goodness-of-fit:
Statistical accuracy of MCI methodology for training and validation set:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 69
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.967
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.247
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.199
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.900
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.340
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.273
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 158
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.850
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.583
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.459
Statistical accuracy of Log Koc methodology:
i. Training without corrections:
Number: 68
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.877
Standard deviation: 0.478
Average deviation: 0.371
ii. Training with corrections:
Number: 447
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.855
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.396
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.307
iii. Validation data set:
Number: 150
R^2 correction coefficient: 0.778
Standard deviation (log Koc): 0.679
Average deviation (log Koc): 0.494
g. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. This characteristic is triggered by lipophilic character of substances but may be modified by certain molecular fragments that need to be considered by application of correction factors. The Log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical’s likeliness to adsorb to organic carbon.
h. The uncertainty of the prediction (OECD principle 4): 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)- 2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol is not highly complex and the rules applied for the substance appear appropriate. An individual uncertainty for the investigated substance is not available.
5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
a. Descriptor domains:
i. Molecular weights: With a molecular weight of 456.68 g/mol the substance is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the range of the validation set (27 – 991 g/mol).
ii. Structural fragment domain: Regarding the structure of 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)- 2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete and listed in Appendix D (KOCWIN Fragment and Correction Factor descriptors). For log Koc estimation according to MCI method no fragment descriptors were applied. For estimation of log Koc according to log Kow method the log Kow range of 3.2 - 4.0 (experimentally determined, Currenta, 2017) was used.
iii. Mechanism domain: No information available.
iv. Metabolic domain: Not relevant.
b. Structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
i. Considerations on structural analogues: NO INFORMATION AVAILABLE
6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
a. Regulatory purpose: The data may be used under any regulatory purpose.
b. Approach for regulatory interpretation of the model result: If no experimental data are available, the estimated value may be used to fill data gaps needed for hazard and risk assessment, classification and labelling and PBT / vPvB assessment. Further the value is used for other calculations.
c. Outcome: The prediction of organic carbon partition coefficient yields a useful result for further evaluation.
d. Conclusion: The result is considered as useful for regulatory purposes. - Guideline:
- other: REACH guidance QSARs R6, May/July 2008
- Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Estimation Program Interface EPI-Suite version 4.11: KOCWIN (v2.00) for the estimation of the organic carbon-normalized sorption coefficient for soil and sediment (Koc).
The Estimation Program Interface was developed by the US Environmental Agency's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, and Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC). © 2000 - 2012 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for EPI SuiteTM (Published online in November 2012). - GLP compliance:
- no
- Type of method:
- other: Estimation
- Media:
- soil
- Radiolabelling:
- no
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- >= 2.77 - <= 3.21 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- log Koc
- Value:
- 5.79 dimensionless
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- >= 585 - <= 1 621 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (logKow method)
- Type:
- Koc
- Value:
- 610 900 L/kg
- Remarks on result:
- other: calculation (MCI method)
- Validity criteria fulfilled:
- not applicable
- Conclusions:
- The QSAR determination of the carbon partition coefficient for 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)-2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol using the model KOCWIN included in the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v4.11 revealed values of 585 - 1621 L/kg (logKow method) and 6.109E5 L/kg (MCI method) for the unaffected molecule of the substance as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
- Executive summary:
The organic carbon partition coefficient (Koc) for 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)- 2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol was predicted using the QSAR calculation of the Estimation Program Interface (EPI) Suite v 4.11. The Koc was estimated to be 585 - 1621 L/kg (logKow method), and 6.109E5 L/kg (MCI method). The results relate to the unaffected molecule of the substance as any decomposition (e.g. hydrolysis) of the substance is not taken into account by the program.
Validity of the model:
1. Defined Endpoint: Organic carbon partition coefficient, given as logarithmic Koc and Koc
2. Unambigous algorithm: The molecule is first classified as a polar substance. Based on structure of the molecule, the following fragments were applied: nitrogen to carbon group (-N-C) (aliphatic attach) and hydroxy group (aromatic attach). The number of times of the fragments that occurs in the structure of the substance applied by the program is verified. For estimation of logKoc according to the logKow method the determined logKow of 3.2 - 4.0 (Currenta, 2017) was used.
3. Applicable domain: With a molecular weight of 456.68 g/mol the substance is within the range of the training set (32 - 665 g/mol) as well as in the validation set (27 - 991 g/mol). Regarding the structure of 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)- 2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol, the fragment descriptors found by the program are complete.
4a. Statistical characteristics (MCI method): N training set without corrections = 69; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 158; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.967; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.900; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.850.
4b. Statistical characteristics (Kow method): N training set without corrections = 68; N training set with correction = 447; N validation set = 150; Correction coefficient of the total training set without corrections r² = 0.877; Correlation coefficient of the total training set with corrections r² = 0.855; Correlation coefficient of the total validation set r² = 0.778.
5. Mechanistic interpretation: Log Koc is estimated based on the likeliness of a substance for sorption to surfaces of soil/sediment particles. The log Koc is a physical inherent property used extensively to describe a chemical's likeliness to adsob to organic carbon.
6. Adequacy of prediction: The result for 4-(1-{3,5-Bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-4-hydroxyphenyl}-1-methylethyl)- 2,6-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]phenol falls within the applicability domain described above and the estimation rules applied for the substance appears appropriate.
Description of key information
As HPP 12879 -1 is a multi-constituent substance several organic carbon partition coefficients were calculated ranging from 585 - 2191 L/kg (logKow method) and from 1.517E5 - 6.109E5 L/kg (MCI method). The wide range in the logKow method also depends on the measured logKow which could not be determined as one value but as a range from 3.2 - 4.0.
To cover the worst case scenario the lowest Koc-value is taken into account.
Key value for chemical safety assessment
- Koc at 20 °C:
- 585
Additional information
As Koc is relevant for calculation of PNECsediment and PNECsoil a conservative approach is taken by choosing the lowest value as key value.
[LogKoc: 2.77]
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