Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation

The dermal irritation potential of target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was assessedin various experimental studies which were conducted on rabbits and rats for target chemical4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substancesaluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and Tetra sodium 1-acetamido-2-hydroxy-3-(4-((4-sulphonatophenylazo)-7-sulphonato-1-naphthylazo))naphthalene-4,6-disulphonate (CAS No. 2519-30-4). The predicted data usingQSAR toolboxhas also been compared with the experimental data.Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is unable to cause skin irritation and thus considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

Eye irritation

An ocular irritation potential of target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was assessedin various experimental studies which were conducted on rabbits for target chemical4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substancesaluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and tartrazine (CAS No: 1934-21-0). The predicted data usingQSAR toolboxhas also been compared with the experimental data.Based on the available data for the target and read across substances and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is unable to cause eye damage and thus can be considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name: 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid
SMILES:OC(=O)C1C(N=Nc2ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(O)(=O)=O)cc2)C(=O)N(c2ccc(S(O)(=O)=O)cc2)N=1
InChI:1S/C18H16N4O12S3/c23-17-15(16(18(24)25)21-22(17)12-3-7-14(8-4-12)36(28,29)30)20-19-11-1-5-13(6-2-11)35(26,27)10-9-34-37(31,32)33/h1-8,15H,9-10H2,(H,24,25)(H,28,29,30)(H,31,32,33)/b20-19+
Molecular Formula:C18H16N4O12S3
Molecular Weight:576.538 g/mole
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
clipped
Vehicle:
not specified
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
No data available
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period:
24 hours
Number of animals:
3
Details on study design:
No data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
24 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No skin irritation was observed in treated rabbits.

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

(((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and "f" )  and ("g" and ( not "h") )  )  and ("i" and ( not "j") )  )  and ("k" and ( not "l") )  )  and ("m" and ( not "n") )  )  and ("o" and ( not "p") )  )  and ("q" and ( not "r") )  )  and "s" )  and ("t" and "u" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Vinyl Sulfones by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acid moiety OR Amides OR Hydrazines by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo by Protein binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones  by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3 ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo AND SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND Group All log Kow < -3.1 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group CNS log Kow < 0.5 AND Group CNS log Kow < -2 AND Group CNS Melting Point > 120 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 50 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All log Kow < -3.1 OR (!Undefined)Group All log Kow > 9 OR (!Undefined)Group All Melting Point > 200 C OR (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 400 g/kg OR Group All log Kow > 9 OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CN log Kow > 4.5 OR Group CN log Kow > 5.5 OR Group CN Melting Point > 180 C OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 290 g/mol OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 540 g/mol OR Group CN Vapour Pressure < 0.001 Pa OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.001 g/L OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CNHal log Kow > 3.8 OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 370 g/mol OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 380 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkaline Earth by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aryl AND Azo AND Carboxylic acid AND Pyrazolone AND Sulfate AND Sulfone AND Sulfonic acid AND Unsaturated heterocyclic amine AND Unsaturated heterocyclic fragment by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Ammonium salt by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aryl AND Azo AND Carboxylic acid AND Pyrazolone AND Sulfate AND Sulfone AND Sulfonic acid AND Unsaturated heterocyclic amine AND Unsaturated heterocyclic fragment by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Alkene by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aryl AND Azo AND Carboxylic acid AND Pyrazolone AND Sulfate AND Sulfone AND Sulfonic acid AND Unsaturated heterocyclic amine AND Unsaturated heterocyclic fragment by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Urea derivatives by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Similarity boundary:Target: OC(=O)C1C(N=Nc2ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(O)(=O)=O)cc2)C(=O)N(c2ccc(S(O)(=O)=O)cc2)N=1
Threshold=10%,
Dice(Atom centered fragments)
Atom type; Count H attached; Hybridization

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -6.02

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= -0.104

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated result 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) can be considered to be not irritating to skin.
Executive summary:

The dermal irritation potential of 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 with logPow as the primary descriptor. The chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated result 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) can be considered to be not irritating to skin and can be classified under the category ˋ Not Classified’ as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is from OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Reference:
Composition 0
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: as mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction is done using QSAR Toolbox version 3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Test material information:
Composition 1
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material : 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid
- Molecular formula : C18H16N4O12S3
- Molecular weight : 576.538 g/mol
- Smiles notation : O=C(O)C1=NN(C(=O)[C@@H]1\N=N\c1ccc(S(=O)(=O)CCOS(=O)(=O)O)cc1)c1ccc(S(=O)(=O)O)cc1
- InChl : 1S/C18H16N4O12S3/c23-17-15(16(18(24)25)21-22(17)12-3-7-14(8-4-12)36(28,29)30)20-19-11-1-5-13(6-2-11)35(26,27)10-9-34-37(31,32)33/h1-8,15H,9-10H2,(H,24,25)(H,28,29,30)(H,31,32,33)/b20-19+
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: Solid
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
No data available
Vehicle:
not specified
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
No data available
Duration of treatment / exposure:
single application
Observation period (in vivo):
72 hours
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
No data available
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3
Details on study design:
No data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
72 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No eye irritation was observed.

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 5 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" or "d" or "e" )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and ( not "m") )  )  and ("n" and ( not "o") )  )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and ("t" and "u" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Vinyl Sulfones by US-EPA New Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acid moiety OR Amides OR Hydrazines by Aquatic toxicity classification by ECOSAR ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates OR SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 reaction at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl diazo by Protein binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones  by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3 ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as SN1 OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Unsaturated heterocyclic azo by DNA binding by OECD ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, MW>500 by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, non cyclic structure OR Non binder, without OH or NH2 group OR Strong binder, NH2 group OR Strong binder, OH group OR Very strong binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Not known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AhR binders.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (3b-3) OR Known precedent reproductive and developmental toxic potential OR NO2-alkyl/NO2-benzene derivatives (8b) OR Polyhalogenated benzene derivatives (8c) OR Toluene and small alkyl toluene derivatives (8a) by DART scheme v.1.0

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg AND (!Undefined)Group CNS Surface Tension > 62 mN/m AND Group All log Kow < -3.1 AND Group All Melting Point > 200 C AND Group CNS log Kow < 0.5 AND Group CNS log Kow < -2 AND Group CNS Melting Point > 120 C AND Group CNS Melting Point > 50 C by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All log Kow < -3.1 OR (!Undefined)Group All log Kow > 9 OR (!Undefined)Group All Melting Point > 200 C OR (!Undefined)Group C Surface Tension > 62 mN/m OR (!Undefined)Group CN Lipid Solubility < 0.4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 4 g/kg OR (!Undefined)Group CNHal Lipid Solubility < 400 g/kg OR Group All log Kow > 9 OR Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group C Melting Point > 55 C OR Group C Molecular Weight > 350 g/mol OR Group C Vapour Pressure < 0.0001 Pa OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group CN Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CN log Kow > 4.5 OR Group CN log Kow > 5.5 OR Group CN Melting Point > 180 C OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 290 g/mol OR Group CN Molecular Weight > 540 g/mol OR Group CN Vapour Pressure < 0.001 Pa OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.001 g/L OR Group CNHal Aqueous Solubility < 0.1 g/L OR Group CNHal log Kow > 3.8 OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 370 g/mol OR Group CNHal Molecular Weight > 380 g/mol OR Group CNS Molecular Weight > 620 g/mol by Skin irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters of organic sulfonic or sulfuric esters by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Activated N-heterocycles by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters of organic sulfonic or sulfuric esters by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Inclusion rules not met by Skin irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non-Metals by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Halogens by Groups of elements

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aryl AND Azo AND Carboxylic acid AND Pyrazolone AND Sulfate AND Sulfone AND Sulfonic acid AND Unsaturated heterocyclic amine AND Unsaturated heterocyclic fragment by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic Amine, tertiary by Organic Functional groups

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= -6.01

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= -1.85

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
The chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated to be not irritating into the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated result 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) can be considered to be not irritating to eye .
Executive summary:

The ocular irritation potential of 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.4 with logPow as the primary descriptor. The chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) was estimated to be not irritating into the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits. Based on the estimated result 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) can be considered to be not irritating to eye and can be classified under the category ˋ Not Classified’ as per CLP regulation.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation:

Various studies has been investigated for the test chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) to observe the potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits and rats for target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and Tetra sodium 1-acetamido-2-hydroxy-3-(4-((4-sulphonatophenylazo)-7-sulphonato-1-naphthylazo))naphthalene-4,6-disulphonate (CAS No. 2519-30-4).The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data and summarized as below;

 

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, skin irritation potential was estimated for 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) . The substance 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is considered to be not irritating to the skin of New Zealand White rabbits.

 

 This result was supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance, aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5).The study was performed as per OECD Guidelines 404 in three female New Zealand White rabbits and complying to the GLP procedures. The animals were prepared 24 hours prior to application of test product. The furs from the dorsal area of trunk of animals were removed with electric clippers exposing an area measuring approximately 6 cm2 of body surface area of animal. The care was taken such that abrasion penetrated the Stratum corneum only and not dermis. 500gm (0.5g) of test compound was applied on a small area (approximately 6 cm2) of intact skin site. Each site of application was covered with impervious dressing which was secured in position with adhesive tape. The intact skin site of application of each animal was observed for signs of erythema and oedema at 60 min., 24, 48 and 72 hours after application and the responses were scored according to Draize method. The Primary Irritation Index (PII) foraluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex {CAS No: 15790-07-5}after 14 days of observation was 0.0.Alsoaluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex {CAS No: 15790-07-5}did not produce pain and any clinical signs of toxicity throughout the examination period of 14 days. Hence, under the test conditions,aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex {CAS No: 15790-07-5}can be concluded to be not irritating to New Zealand White rabbit skin.

 

Another studies were conducted by the Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, (2017) for read across chemicals Tetra sodium 1-acetamido-2-hydroxy-3-(4-((4-sulphonatophenylazo)-7-sulphonato-1-naphthylazo))naphthalene-4,6-disulphonate (CAS No. 2519-30-4) in Sprague Dawley rats that further supported the above mentioned results. The studies were performed as per OECD Guidelines 402 and complying to the GLP procedures. The test item was applied to shorn skin of 5 male and 5 female animals at 2000 mg/kg body weight. Administration of the test item at 2000 mg/kg did not result in any skin reaction at the site of application during the study period of 14 days. Administration of the test item did not result in any signs of toxicity and mortality during the study period of 14 days.    Animals exhibited normal body weight gain through the study period of 14 days. Gross pathological examination did not reveal any abnormalities attributable to the treatment. The overall irritation score of the substance was obtained to be 0 and no erythema and edema (skin irritation) were observed at the end of 14 days observation period after patch removal. Hence, it was concluded that the substances Tetra sodium 1-acetamido-2-hydroxy-3-(4-((4-sulphonatophenylazo)-7-sulphonato-1-naphthylazo))naphthalene-4,6-disulphonate (CAS No. 2519-30-4) was non-Irritating to the skin of rats under the experimental conditions tested .

 

Based on the available data for the target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and Tetra sodium 1-acetamido-2-hydroxy-3-(4-((4-sulphonatophenylazo)-7-sulphonato-1-naphthylazo))naphthalene-4,6-disulphonate (CAS No. 2519-30-4),it can be concluded that chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is not able to cause skin irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

 

 

 

Eye irritation:

In different studies, the test chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) has been investigated to observe the potential for ocular irritation to a greater or lesser extent The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits for target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and tartrazine (CAS No: 1934-21-0).The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data and summarized as below;

 

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, ocular irritation potential was estimated for 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) . The substance 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is considered to be not irritating to the eyes of New Zealand White rabbits.

 

 

This result was supported by the experimental study conducted in an OECD GLP laboratory (Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB has the letter of access) for the structurally similar read across substance, aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5).The study was performed as per OECD Guidelines 405 in three female New Zealand White rabbits and complying to the GLP procedures. About 0.1g of the undiluted test chemical was instilled in the conjunctival sac of rabbits after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The other eye which remained untreated served as a control. The ocular lesions were evaluated at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the treatment. The grades of ocular reactions (conjunctiva, cornea and iris) were recorded at each observation. To determine the reversibility of the effect the animals were observed normally for 21 days. Any other lesions in the eye viz pannus, staining were observed and scored accordingly. Examination of reactions was facilitated by use of biomicroscope and hand slit lamp. Individual animal weights before and during the study was observed. The overall irritation index of aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) was 0.0 after 72 hours. Also aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) did not produce any clinical signs of toxicity throughout the examination period of 21 days. Hence, under the test conditions, aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5)can be concluded  to be not irritating to New Zealand White rabbit eyes.

 

The above results were further supported by an eye irritation study conducted by S. D. GETTINGS et.al., { Fd Chem. Toxic. Vol. 30, No. 12, pp. 1051-1055, 1992} on 6 female and 6 male New Zealand White rabbits for read across chemical tartrazine (CAS No: 1934-21-0). About 30 μl of test chemical in aq. solution was administered into the right eye of rabbits and left eyes served as untreated controls. Ocular irritation was determined according to a modification of the Draize test. All animals were checked for viability twice daily. Ocular irritation was scored 24 h after each treatment and prior to the next instillation. On days 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 the eyes were also evaluated 1 h after treatment. 24 h after each treatment additionally eye stain and particle depositions were scored. Ophthalmic observations were conducted on days 3, 7 and 14 always prior to instillation. No lethality or significant clinical signs, and no substance-related weight change were observed. Except slight conjunctival redness or discharge, that were seen sporadically in the eyes of the animals, all animals were free of significant signs of ocular irritation. No significant signs of eye staining or particle depositions were observed. At ophthalmoscopic examinations, no ocular abnormities were noticed. Hence, tartrazine was not expected to cause irritant effects following repeated treatment of eyes in a concentration of 3 % in aqueous solution.

 

Based on the available data for the target chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substances aluminium, 6-hydroxy-5-[(4-sulfophenyl)azo]-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid complex (CAS No: 15790-07-5) and tartrazine (CAS No: 1934-21-0), it can be concluded that chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is not able to cause eye irritation and considered as not irritating. Comparing the above annotations with the criteria of CLP regulation, it can be classified under the category “Not Classified”.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The skin and eye irritation potential of test chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) and its structurally similar read across substanceswere observed in various studies. The results obtained from these studies indicate that the chemical 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) is unlikely to cause skin and eye irritation. Hence 4,5-dihydro-5-oxo-4-[[4-[[2-(sulphooxy)ethyl]sulphonyl]phenyl]azo]-1-(4-sulphophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (CAS No: 10149-98-1) can be classified under the category “Not Classified” for skin and eye as per CLP.