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Toxicological information

Toxicity to reproduction

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
screening for reproductive / developmental toxicity
Remarks:
based on test type (migrated information)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2007
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2007
Report date:
2008

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 421 (Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
see "Principles of method if other than guideline"
Principles of method if other than guideline:
1. Manager of the Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology Department changed
2. The relative humidity in the animal room exceeded 70% for short periods and reached a maximum of 88.7%
3. On 14 September 2006, temperature in the hight concentration exposure chamber was 24.1C during the last minute of the exposure period.
4. Four instead of 3 rodent tube sections were used for goups A and D
5. Calculation of the pre-implantation loss was not described in the study plan

These deviations are considered not to have affected the validity of the study.
GLP compliance:
yes
Limit test:
no

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
MTDID 5789
IUPAC Name:
MTDID 5789
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report: MTDID 5789
- Physical state: Clear colorless liquid
- Analytical purity: 99.83%
- Lot/batch no.: Batch 21066
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 31 Dec. 2008
- Storage condition of test material: In the dark at room temperature
- Other:
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source and lot/batch number of test material: 3M Company, Lot 21066
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 31 December, 2008
- Purity test date: 21 June, 2006

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Storage condition of test material: at ambient temperature in the dark.
- Stability under storage conditions: No data
- Stability under test conditions: No data
- Solubility and stability of the test substance in the solvent/dispersant/vehicle/test medium:

TREATMENT OF TEST MATERIAL PRIOR TO TESTING
- Treatment of test material prior to testing: None

FORM AS APPLIED IN THE TEST: Vapor

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Details on species / strain selection:
Per OECD 421.
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld Germany
- Age at study initiation: 9 -10 weeks
- Weight at study initiation:
- Fasting period before study:
- Housing:- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): During acclimitization, pre-mating, animals were group housed in groups of hour animals. During mating, one male and one female were housed together. Mated females were individually housed. Post-mating, males were group housed in groups of 4. Feed was provided ad libitum.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 1 week
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 plus/minus 2 C
- Humidity (%): 40 - 70 %
- Air changes (per hr): at least 10
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours dark/12 hours light
IN-LIFE DATES: From: 23 August 2006 To: 9 October 2006

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
inhalation: vapour
Type of inhalation exposure (if applicable):
nose only
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on exposure:
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS:
VEHICLE: None
GENERATION OF TEST ATMOSPHERE / CHAMBER DESCRIPTION
- Exposure apparatus: The inhalation equipment was designed to expose rates to a continuous supply of fresh test atmosphere. Vapors of the test material for each test atmosphere were generated by passing a flow of approximately 5 L/min air through U-tube evaporators in which a flow fo test material was injected using a peristaltic pump (Watson and Marlow, type 502S). The evaporators were placed in a temperature controlled bath, held at 29C . The flows of air were diverted from the mass flow controlled and humidified mainstream for each exposure chamber and after passage through the evaporator reunited with the mainstream. The water container used form humidification of the mainstream was kept at a constant temperature of ca. 19.5 C. Each unit consists of a cylindrical column with a column of ca. 50 L, surrounded by a transparent hood. The test atmosphere was introduced at the top of the central column, and was exhausted at the bottom. For exposure to the animals of group B and C, each column included three rodent tube section of 20 ports each, for exposure of the animals of groups A and D four rodent tubes were necessary.
- Source and rate of air: 70, 51, 51 and 70 L/min for gourps A, B, C and D
- Method of holding animals in test chamber:Tubes

TEST ATMOSPHERE
- Brief description of analytical method used: During exposure three total carbon analyzers (TCA) were used to measure the concentration in the exposure chambers. The readings of the TCA were recorded every minute during exposure using Controlled Area Netword (CAN) transmitters.
- Samples taken from breathing zone: No data
Details on mating procedure:
- Impregnation procedure: cohoused
- If cohoused:
- M/F ratio per cage: one male per one female
- Length of cohabitation: 4 days
- Proof of pregnancy: sperm in vaginal smear referred to as day 0 of pregnancy
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
yes
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
Test atmosphere was analyzed using a Total Carbon Analyzer. Readings were taken every minute duiring the exposure periods.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Animals were dosed for 6 hours per day for the first 2 weeks for 5 days/week. Then the animals were exposed for 7 days/week during mating and female animals were exposed until gestation day 19. Male animals were exposed for 4 weeks and then sacrificed. Female animals were allowed to litter and were sacrificed at or shortly after lactation day 4.
Frequency of treatment:
Animals were dosed for 6 hours per day for the first 2 weeks for 5 days/week. Then the animals were exposed for 7 days/week during mating and female animals were exposed until gestation day 19. Male animals were exposed for 4 weeks and then sacrificed. Female animals were allowed to litter and were sacrificed at or shortly after lactation day 4.
Details on study schedule:
This was a screening study and mating and dosing was conducted according to OECD 421.
Doses / concentrationsopen allclose all
Dose / conc.:
3.88 mg/L air
Remarks:
300 ppm (300 ppm nominal)
Dose / conc.:
12.8 mg/L air
Remarks:
995 ppm (1000 ppm nominal)
Dose / conc.:
38.7 mg/L air
Remarks:
2992 ppm (3000 ppm nominal)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
24
Control animals:
yes
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration:
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Observed daily and weighed weekly
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight,organ weights, histopathology,

Examinations

Parental animals: Observations and examinations:
CAGE SIDE OBSERVATIONS: Yes / No / No data
- Time schedule: Daily observation
- Cage side observations checked in table [No.?] were included.
DETAILED CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS: Yes / No / No data
- Time schedule:
BODY WEIGHT: Yes / No / No data
- Time schedule for examinations: Weekly
FOOD CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if feeding study):
- Food consumption for each animal determined and mean daily diet consumption calculated as g food/kg body weight/day: Yes / No / No data
- Compound intake calculated as time-weighted averages from the consumption and body weight gain data: Yes / No / No data
WATER CONSUMPTION AND COMPOUND INTAKE (if drinking water study): Yes / No / No data
- Time schedule for examinations:
OTHER:
Sperm parameters (parental animals):
Parameters examined in [all/P/F1/F2] male parental generations:
testis weight, epididymis weight
Litter observations:
STANDARDISATION OF LITTERS

- Performed on day 4 postpartum: [yes/no]

- If yes, maximum of [...] pups/litter ([...]/sex/litter as nearly as possible); excess pups were killed and discarded.


PARAMETERS EXAMINED
The following parameters were examined in F1 offspring:
[number and sex of pups, stillbirths, live births, postnatal mortality, presence of gross anomalies, weight gain,
GROSS EXAMINATION OF DEAD PUPS: No

Postmortem examinations (parental animals):
SACRIFICE
- Male animals: All surviving animals [describe when, e.g. as soon as possible after the last litters in each generation were produced.]
- Maternal animals: All surviving animals [describe when, e.g. after the last litter of each generation was weaned.]
GROSS NECROPSY
- Gross necropsy consisted of [external and internal examinations including the cervical, thoracic, and abdominal viscera.]
HISTOPATHOLOGY / ORGAN WEIGHTS
The tissues indicated in Table [#] were prepared for microscopic examination and weighed, respectively.
Postmortem examinations (offspring):
SACRIFICE
- The F1 offspring not selected as parental animals and all F2 offspring were sacrificed at [#?] days of age.
- These animals were subjected to postmortem examinations (macroscopic and/or microscopic examination) as follows:
GROSS NECROPSY
- Gross necropsy consisted of [external and internal examinations including the cervical, thoracic, and abdominal viscera.]
HISTOPATHOLOGY / ORGAN WEIGTHS
The tissues indicated in Table [#] were prepared for microscopic examination and weighed, respectively.
Reproductive indices:
Fertility and fecundity indicess;

Results and discussion

Results: P0 (first parental generation)

General toxicity (P0)

Clinical signs:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
Daily clinical observations did not reveal any test substance related effects. One animal was found dead after the second exposure. The test report states that the cause was most likely suffocation.
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not examined
Mortality:
mortality observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence):
Daily clinical observations did not reveal any test substance related effects. One animal was found dead after the second exposure. The test report states that the cause was most likely suffocation.
Body weight and weight changes:
effects observed, non-treatment-related
Description (incidence and severity):
A significant difference (decrease) in body weight change was seen in the mid dose (1000 ppm) males for week 3-4. No significant difference in mean body weights was seen in the males. For the females, body weights and body weight changes were comparable for the control and test substance treated animals.
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
no effects observed
Food efficiency:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No treatment-related effects were observed.
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not examined
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
not examined
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not examined
Urinalysis findings:
not examined
Behaviour (functional findings):
not examined
Immunological findings:
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: non-neoplastic:
no effects observed
Histopathological findings: neoplastic:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No treatment-related histopathological findings were observed.

Reproductive function / performance (P0)

Reproductive function: oestrous cycle:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
All females except 1 animal in the 300 ppm group were mated within 4 days. Precoital time was comparable for all groups. The female fecundity index and the female fertility index were 100% in all groups.
Reproductive function: sperm measures:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
The male fertility index was 100% in all groups.
Reproductive performance:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Mating index was 100% for all groups.

Details on results (P0)

CLINICAL SIGNS AND MORTALITY (PARENTAL ANIMALS): Daily clinical observations did not reveal any test substance related effects. One animal was found dead after the second exposure. The test report states that the cause was most likely suffocation.
BODY WEIGHT AND FOOD CONSUMPTION (PARENTAL ANIMALS): A significant difference (decrease) in body weight change was seen in the mid dose (1000 ppm) males for week 3-4. No significant difference in mean body weights was seen in the males. For the females, body weights and body weight changes were comparable for the control and test substance treated animals.
TEST SUBSTANCE INTAKE (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION: ESTROUS CYCLE (PARENTAL ANIMALS) All females except 1 animal in the 300 ppm group were mated within 4 days. Precoital time was comparable for all groups. The female fecundity index and the female fertility index were 100% in all groups.
REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTION: SPERM MEASURES (PARENTAL ANIMALS): The male fertility index was 100% in all groups.
REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE (PARENTAL ANIMALS) Mating index was 100% for all groups.
ORGAN WEIGHTS (PARENTAL ANIMALS): No statistical differences were found between the control group and exposed groups in absolute and relative weights of the testes and epididymides.
GROSS PATHOLOGY (PARENTAL ANIMALS) Gross examination at necropsy did not show any exposure related findings.
HISTOPATHOLOGY (PARENTAL ANIMALS)
OTHER FINDINGS (PARENTAL ANIMALS)

Effect levels (P0)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect level:
38.7 mg/L air
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: see 'Remark'

Target system / organ toxicity (P0)

Key result
Critical effects observed:
no

Results: P1 (second parental generation)

Effect levels (P1)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOEC
Effect level:
38.7 mg/L air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: No adverse reproductive or developmental effects were observed at the highest dose administered.

Target system / organ toxicity (P1)

Key result
Critical effects observed:
no

Results: F1 generation

General toxicity (F1)

Clinical signs:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No adverse clinical signs were noted in the pups.
Dermal irritation (if dermal study):
not examined
Mortality / viability:
no mortality observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Number of litters with live born pup was 10, 10 10 and 12 for the control, 300, 1000 and 3000 ppm groups.
Body weight and weight changes:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
Pup weight on PN 1 and weight change on PN 4 were comparable for all groups
Food consumption and compound intake (if feeding study):
not examined
Food efficiency:
not examined
Water consumption and compound intake (if drinking water study):
not examined
Ophthalmological findings:
not examined
Haematological findings:
not examined
Clinical biochemistry findings:
not examined
Urinalysis findings:
not examined
Sexual maturation:
not examined
Anogenital distance (AGD):
not examined
Nipple retention in male pups:
not examined
Organ weight findings including organ / body weight ratios:
not examined
Gross pathological findings:
no effects observed
Description (incidence and severity):
No gross pathological findings were noted in the pups.
Histopathological findings:
not examined

Developmental neurotoxicity (F1)

Behaviour (functional findings):
not examined

Developmental immunotoxicity (F1)

Developmental immunotoxicity:
not examined

Details on results (F1)

VIABILITY (OFFSPRING) Number of litters with live born pup was 10, 10 10 and 12 for the control, 300, 1000 and 3000 ppm groups.
CLINICAL SIGNS (OFFSPRING) No clinical signs in the pups were noted.
BODY WEIGHT (OFFSPRING) Pup weight on PN 1 and weight change on PN 4 were comparable for all groups
SEXUAL MATURATION (OFFSPRING)
ORGAN WEIGHTS (OFFSPRING)
GROSS PATHOLOGY (OFFSPRING)
HISTOPATHOLOGY (OFFSPRING)
OTHER FINDINGS (OFFSPRING)

Effect levels (F1)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Generation:
F1
Effect level:
38.7 mg/L air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: No adverse developmental effects were observed at the highest dose administered.

Target system / organ toxicity (F1)

Key result
Critical effects observed:
no

Overall reproductive toxicity

Key result
Reproductive effects observed:
no

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The NOAEC by inhalation for parental toxicity , fertility, and developmental toxicity was 2992 ppm (38.7 mg/L).
Executive summary:

Groups of 12 males and 12 females were exposed via inhalation to concentrations of 0, 300, 1000 and 3000 ppm for 6 hours per day during the first 2 weeks for 5 days per week, Thereafter, the animals were exposed until gestation day 19. Male animals were exposed for 4 weeks and then sacrificed. Females were allowed to litter and were sacrificed at or shortly after day 4 of lactation. Analytically verified exposure concentratations were 0 ppm, 300 ppm (3.88 mg/L), 995 ppm (12.8 mg/L), and 2992 ppm (38.7 mg/L). No treatment related mortalities were seen. Body weights were comparable between the control and exposed animals during premating, gestation and lactation. Food consumption was comparable between the control and exposed animals. All females of the control and exposed groups, except one animal in the low dose group, became pregnant within 4 days. No treatment related effects were seen in any of the reproduction parameters. The number of litters with live born pups was 10, 10, 10 and 12 for the control 300, 1000 and 3000 ppm groups. The number of pups delivered and the number of pups alive on PN 4 were comparable in all groups. Pup weights on PN 1 and PN 4 were comparable in all groups. No treatment related observations were recorded. There were no treatment related differences observed between the control and exposed animals in absolute and relative testes and spididymides weights. No gross changes were noted at necropsy. The NOAEC by inhalation for parental toxicity , fertility, and developmental toxicity was 2992 ppm (38.7 mg/L).