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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
From 26 Nov to 17 Dec 2014
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study run to a method comparable with current guidelines and to GLP

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report Date:
2015

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
Batch No.: E010015303
Purity: 96.6%

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River France, L’Arbresle Cedex, France
- Age at study initiation: between 12 and 24 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: at least 1.5 kg
- Housing: Animals were individually housed in labeled cages with perforated floors and shelters.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Pelleted diet for rabbits approximately 100 grams per day. Hay and wooden sticks were available during the study period.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Free access to tap water.
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before start of treatment

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18 to 24°C
- Humidity (%): 40 to 70%
- Air changes (per hr): at least 10 air changes/hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): a 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle

IN-LIFE DATES: From 26 Nov to 17 Dec 2014

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): on average, 37.2 mg (range 36.8 - 37.3 mg)
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 hours
Observation period (in vivo):
7 days
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 males
Details on study design:
TREATMENT
Animals were treated by instillation of, on average, 37.2 mg (range 36.8 - 37.3 mg) of the test substance (a volume of approximately 0.1 mL), in the conjunctival sac of one of the eyes after gently pulling the lower lid away from the eyeball. The lids were then gently held together for about one second to prevent loss of the test substance. The other eye remained untreated and served as the reference control.
Immediately after the 24-hour observation, a solution of 2% fluorescein in water (adjusted to pH 7.0) was instilled into both eyes of each animal to quantitatively determine corneal epithelial damage.
Immediately after fluorescein examination on Day 2, in order to provide a continued level of systemic analgesia, buprenorphine 0.01 mg/kg and meloxicam 0.5 mg/kg were administered by subcutaneous injection.

OBSERVATION
-Mortality/Viability: Twice daily.
-Toxicity: At least once daily.
-Body Weight: Day of treatment (prior to instillation) and after the final observation.
-Necropsy: No necropsy was performed according to protocol.
-Irritation: The eyes of each animal were examined approximately 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after instillation of the test substance. The irritation scores and a description of all other (local) effects were recorded.

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Mean of 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Mean of 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Mean of 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
ca. 0.89
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 7 days
Remarks on result:
other: fully reversible within 72 hours in one animal and within 7 days in the other two animals.
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: Mean of 24, 48 and 72 hours
Score:
0
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 24 hours
Remarks on result:
other: fully reversible within 24 hours in all three animals.
Irritant / corrosive response data:
Irritation:
Instillation of approximately 37 mg of test substance (a volume of approximately 0.1 mL) into one eye of each of three rabbits resulted in irritation of the conjunctivae, which consisted of redness, chemosis and discharge. The irritation had completely resolved within 72 hours in one animal and within 7 days in the other two animals.
No iridial irritation or corneal opacity were observed, and treatment of the eyes with 2% fluorescein 24 hours after test substance instillation revealed no corneal epithelial damage.

Corrosion:
There was no evidence of ocular corrosion.
Other effects:
Remnants of the test substance were present on the outside of the eyelids of all animals on Day 1.
No signs of systemic toxicity were observed in the animals during the test period and no mortality occurred.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Individual eye irritation scores

Animal

Time after dosing

Cornea opacity

Iris

Conjunctivae redness

Conjunctivae Chemosis

813

1 hour

0

0

2

1

24 hours

0

0

1

0

48 hours

0

0

1

0

72 hours

0

0

1

0

7 days

0

0

0

0

818

1 hour

0

0

2

1

24 hours

0

0

1

0

48 hours

0

0

1

0

72 hours

0

0

1

0

7 days

0

0

0

0

824

1 hour

0

0

2

1

24 hours

0

0

1

0

48 hours

0

0

1

0

72 hours

0

0

0

0

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
slightly irritating
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
Based on these results, the test substance does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for eye irritation according to the:
- Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011) (including all amendments);
- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (including all amendments).