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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. In case of symptom of ill-health, consult a doctor. The symptoms may appear after several days.

Skin contact: Wash with soap and water.

Eye contact: Irrigate with copious amounts of low-pressure water. If irritation persists seek medical attention.

Ingestion: Rinse mouth with water. If swallowed, induce vomiting under medical supervision.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media: Carbon dioxide, foam or dry chemical.

Extinguishing media which shall not be used for safety reasons: Never use water near molten metal.

Fire and explosive properties: The metal and the oxides are not combustible.

Specific hazards: Lead oxides and antimony oxides may be formed if the metal is overheated.

Protective equipment for fire fighters: Self-contained breathing apparatus with full-face piece.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions: Do not inhale fumes or dust. Use personal protective equipment.

Waste measures: Vacuum or sweep up spillage of metals and oxides. Collect in separate container. Avoid discharge to drainage.

Handling and storage

Handling: Handle lead material in such a way, that distribution of dust is minimized. Use proper industrial hygiene. Do not inhale fumes or dust.

Storage: No special precautions

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN3077
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN3077
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN3077
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Marine pollutant = true

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
UN3077
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Remarksopen allclose all

Additional transport information

Additional information
Special provisions / remarks / other:
Segregation Groups 7 and 9

Exposure controls / personal protection

Limitation of exposure at working place: Use proper industrial hygiene and ventilation.

Technical measures: Avoid overheating the metal since oxides will be formed more easily. Local exhaust is recommended for melting and where oxides are handled.

Personal protective equipment: Use appropriate protective equipment.

OELs - Lead and inorganic compounds (as Pb):

EU 0.15 mg/m³
Austria 0.1 mg/m³
Belgium 0.15 mg/m³
Denmark 0.05 mg/m³
Finland 0.1 mg/m³
France 0.1 mg/m³
Germany (AGS) 0.1 mg/m³
Ireland 0.15 mg/m³
Italy 0.15 mg/m³
Latvia 0.005 mg/m³
Poland 0.05 mg/m³
Spain 0.15 mg/m³
Sweden 0.1 mg/m³
Switzerland 0.1 mg/m³
UK 0.15 mg/m³

Biological action levels, inorganic lead:
EU 70 µg/dL (Binding Limit Value)
Germany 40 µg/dL
10 µg/dL (for woman, age below 45 years) [Suspended]
France 40 µg/dL
30 µg/dL µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)
Ireland 70 µg/dL
Spain 70 µg/dL
UK 60 µg/dL
30 µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)

DNELs for workers:

Exposure pattern: Long-term - systemic effects
Route: Systemic (μg lead /dL blood)
DNEL: 40 μg/dL - Adult neurological function;
10 μg/dL - Developmental effect on foetus of pregnant women

Ecological toxicity values

The following Predicted No Effect Concentrations (PNECs) were used to determine the environmental risk:

Exposure pattern Route Descriptor PNEC
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 3.1 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Marine PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 3.5 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 174.0 mg Pb/kg dw1 / 41.0 mg Pb/kg dw2
Long-term – chronic effects Marine Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 164.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Soil PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 212.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Sewage Treatment Plant PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 0.1 mg Pb/L
1: without bioavailability correction; 2: with bioavailability correction

Stability and reactivity

Stability: The product is stable under normal circumstances.

Conditions to avoid: Harmful fumes of lead when the metal is overheated.

Reactivity/Hazardous decomposition products: In presence of moisture and air (oxygen) a slow oxidation of the surface appears. Lead hydroxide oxide is formed, which is slightly soluble in water.

Disposal considerations

General: Waste from handling the product is classified as hazardous waste. Collect spillage of metals and oxides in separate container.

EWC-code: 06 04 05, Wastes containing other heavy metals.
10 04 05, Other particulates and dust.