Registration Dossier

Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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Administrative data

First-aid measures

Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. In case of symptom of ill-health, consult a doctor. The symptoms may appear after several days.

Skin contact: Wash with soap and water.

Eye contact: Irrigate with copious amounts of low-pressure water. If irritation persists seek medical attention.

Ingestion: Rinse mouth with water. If swallowed, induce vomiting under medical supervision.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media: Carbon dioxide, foam or dry chemical.

Extinguishing media which shall not be used for safety reasons: Never use water near molten metal.

Fire and explosive properties: The metal and the oxides are not combustible.

Specific hazards: Lead oxides and antimony oxides may be formed if the metal is overheated.

Protective equipment for fire fighters: Self-contained breathing apparatus with full-face piece.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions: Do not inhale fumes or dust. Use personal protective equipment.

Waste measures: Vacuum or sweep up spillage of metals and oxides. Collect in separate container. Avoid discharge to drainage.

Handling and storage

Handling: Handle lead material in such a way, that distribution of dust is minimized. Use proper industrial hygiene. Do not inhale fumes or dust.

Storage: No special precautions

Transport information

Land transport (ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN3077
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Class:
9
Packaging group:
III
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (ADN(R))

UN number:
UN3077
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Class:
9
Packaging group:
III
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (IMDG)

UN number:
UN3077
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Class:
9
Packaging group:
III
Remarks
Marine pollutant = true

Air transport ICAO/IATA

UN number:
UN3077
Proper shipping name and description:
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (General grade))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 2))
OR
ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES, SOLID, N.O.S. (Lead, bullion (Grade 5))
Class:
9
Packaging group:
III
Remarksopen allclose all

Additional transport information

Additional transport information
Segregation Groups 7 and 9

Exposure controls / personal protection

Limitation of exposure at working place: Use proper industrial hygiene and ventilation.

Technical measures: Avoid overheating the metal since oxides will be formed more easily. Local exhaust is recommended for melting and where oxides are handled.

Personal protective equipment: Use appropriate protective equipment.

OELs - Lead and inorganic compounds (as Pb):

EU 0.15 mg/m³
Austria 0.1 mg/m³
Belgium 0.15 mg/m³
Denmark 0.05 mg/m³
Finland 0.1 mg/m³
France 0.1 mg/m³
Germany (AGS) 0.1 mg/m³
Ireland 0.15 mg/m³
Italy 0.15 mg/m³
Latvia 0.005 mg/m³
Poland 0.05 mg/m³
Spain 0.15 mg/m³
Sweden 0.1 mg/m³
Switzerland 0.1 mg/m³
UK 0.15 mg/m³

Biological action levels, inorganic lead:
EU 70 µg/dL (Binding Limit Value)
Germany 40 µg/dL
10 µg/dL (for woman, age below 45 years) [Suspended]
France 40 µg/dL
30 µg/dL µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)
Ireland 70 µg/dL
Spain 70 µg/dL
UK 60 µg/dL
30 µg/dL (for woman of reproductive capacity)

DNELs for workers:

Exposure pattern: Long-term - systemic effects
Route: Systemic (μg lead /dL blood)
DNEL: 40 μg/dL - Adult neurological function;
10 μg/dL - Developmental effect on foetus of pregnant women

Ecological toxicity values

The following Predicted No Effect Concentrations (PNECs) were used to determine the environmental risk:

Exposure pattern Route Descriptor PNEC
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 3.1 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Marine PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 3.5 μg Pb/L (dissolved)
Long-term – chronic effects Freshwater Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 174.0 mg Pb/kg dw1 / 41.0 mg Pb/kg dw2
Long-term – chronic effects Marine Sediment PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 164.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Soil PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 212.0 mg Pb/kg dw
Long-term – chronic effects Sewage Treatment Plant PNEC (Predicted No Effect Concentration) 0.1 mg Pb/L
1: without bioavailability correction; 2: with bioavailability correction

Stability and reactivity

Stability: The product is stable under normal circumstances.

Conditions to avoid: Harmful fumes of lead when the metal is overheated.

Reactivity/Hazardous decomposition products: In presence of moisture and air (oxygen) a slow oxidation of the surface appears. Lead hydroxide oxide is formed, which is slightly soluble in water.

Disposal considerations

General: Waste from handling the product is classified as hazardous waste. Collect spillage of metals and oxides in separate container.

EWC-code: 06 04 05, Wastes containing other heavy metals.
10 04 05, Other particulates and dust.