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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation: Get medical attention immediately. Move exposed person to fresh air. If it is suspected that fumes are still present, the rescuer should wear an appropriate mask or self-contained breathing apparatus. Keep person warm and at rest. If not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. It may be dangerous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If unconscious, place in recovery position and get medical attention immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Ingestion: Get medical attention immediately. Wash out mouth with water. Remove dentures if any. Move exposed person to fresh air. Keep person warm and at rest. If material has been swallowed and the exposed person is conscious, give small quantities of water to drink. Stop if the exposed person feels sick as vomiting may be dangerous. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. If vomiting occurs, the head should be kept low so that vomit does not enter the lungs. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If unconscious, place in recovery position and get medical attention immediately. Maintain an open airway. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband.
Skin contact: Get medical attention immediately. Flush contaminated skin with plenty of water. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash contaminated clothing thoroughly with water before removing it, or wear gloves. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes. Wash clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse.
Eye contact: Get medical attention immediately. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Check for and remove any contact lenses. Continue to rinse for at least 10 minutes.
Protection of first-aiders: No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. If it is suspected that fumes are still present, the rescuer should wear an appropriate mask or self-contained breathing apparatus. It may be dangerous to the person providing aid to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Wash contaminated clothing thoroughly with water before removing it, or wear gloves.
Notes to physician: No specific treatment. Treat symptomatically. Contact poison treatment specialist immediately if large quantities have been ingested or inhaled

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable: Use dry chemical, CO2, water spray (fog) or foam.
Not suitable: Do not use water jet.
Special exposure hazards: Extremely flammable liquid. In a fire or if heated, a pressure increase will occur and the container may burst, with the risk of a subsequent explosion. The vapour/gas is heavier than air and will spread along the ground. Vapours may accumulate in low or confined areas or travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.
Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the vicinity of the incident if there is a fire. No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. Move containers from fire area if this can be done without risk. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. This material is harmful to aquatic organisms. Fire water contaminated with this material must be contained and prevented from being discharged to any waterway, sewer or drain.
Hazardous thermal decomposition products: Decomposition products may include the following materials:
carbon dioxide
carbon monoxide.
Special protective equipment for fire-fighters: Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions: No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. Evacuate surrounding areas. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering. Do not touch or walk through spilt material. Shut off all ignition sources.
No flares, smoking or flames in hazard area. Do not breathe vapour or mist.
Provide adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Put on appropriate personal protective equipment (see section 8).
Environmental precautions: Avoid dispersal of spilt material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if the product has caused environmental pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air). Water polluting material.
Methods for cleaning up
Small spill: Stop leak if without risk. Move containers from spill area. Dilute with water and mop up if water-soluble. Alternatively, or if water-insoluble, absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-proof equipment. Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.
Large spill: Stop leak if without risk. Move containers from spill area. Approach the release from upwind. Prevent entry into sewers, water courses, basements or confined areas. Wash spillages into an effluent treatment plant or proceed as follows.
Contain and collect spillage with non-combustible, absorbent material e.g. sand, earth, vermiculite or diatomaceous earth and place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13). Use spark-proof tools and explosionproof equipment. Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.
Contaminated absorbent material may pose the same hazard as the spilt product.
Note: see section 1 for emergency contact information and section 13 for waste disposal.

Handling and storage

Handling: Put on appropriate personal protective equipment (see section 8). Eating, drinking and smoking should be prohibited in areas where this material is handled, stored and processed. Workers should wash hands and face before eating, drinking and smoking. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. Avoid exposure during pregnancy. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Do not breathe vapour or mist. Do not ingest. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Do not enter storage areas and confined spaces unless adequately ventilated. Keep in the original container or an approved alternative made from a compatible material, kept tightly closed when not in use. Store and use away from heat, sparks, open flame or any other ignition source. Use explosion-proof electrical (ventilating, lighting and material handling) equipment. Use non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against electrostatic discharges.
To avoid fire or explosion, dissipate static electricity during transfer by earthing and bonding containers and equipment before transferring material. Empty containers retain product residue and can be hazardous. Do not reuse container.
Storage: Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in a segregated and approved area. Store in original container protected from direct sunlight in a dry, cool and wellventilated area, away from incompatible materials (see section 10) and food and drink. Eliminate all ignition sources. Separate from oxidizing materials. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers that have been opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. Do not store in unlabelled containers. Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination.
Packaging materials
Recommended: Use original container.

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S.
Chemical name:
Distillates (petroleum), steam-cracked, C5-12 fraction.
Language:
English
Labels:
3
Special provisions / remarks
Special provisions:
Hazard identification number 33
Limited quantity LQ4

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S.
Chemical name:
Distillates (petroleum), steam-cracked, C5-12 fraction.
Language:
English
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S.
Chemical name:
Distillates (petroleum), steam-cracked, C5-12 fraction.
Labels:
3
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
UN3295
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
HYDROCARBONS, LIQUID, N.O.S.
Chemical name:
Distillates (petroleum), steam-cracked, C5-12 fraction.
Labels:
3
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
Passenger and Cargo Aircraft
Quantity limitation: 5 L
Packaging instructions: 305

Cargo Aircraft Only
Quantity limitation: 60 L
Packaging instructions: 307

Limited Quantities - Passenger Aircraft
Quantity limitation: 1 L
Packaging instructions: Y305
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

benzene EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007). Absorbed through skin.
TWA: 1 ppm 8 hour(s).
toluene EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007). Absorbed through skin.
STEL: 384 mg/m³ 15 minute(s).
STEL: 100 ppm 15 minute(s).
TWA: 191 mg/m³ 8 hour(s).
TWA: 50 ppm 8 hour(s).
pentane EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007).
TWA: 1800 mg/m³ 8 hour(s).
TWA: 600 ppm 8 hour(s).
ethylbenzene EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007). Absorbed through skin.
STEL: 552 mg/m³ 15 minute(s).
STEL: 125 ppm 15 minute(s).
TWA: 441 mg/m³ 8 hour(s).
TWA: 100 ppm 8 hour(s).
xylene, mixture of isomers EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007). Absorbed through skin.
STEL: 441 mg/m³ 15 minute(s).
STEL: 100 ppm 15 minute(s).
TWA: 220 mg/m³ 8 hour(s).
TWA: 50 ppm 8 hour(s).
n-hexane EH40/2005 WELs (United Kingdom (UK), 8/2007).
TWA: 72 mg/m³ 8 hour(s).
TWA: 20 ppm 8 hour(s).
Dicyclopentadiene EH40-WEL (United Kingdom (UK), 1/2005).
TWA: 27 mg/m³, 0 times per shift, 8 hour(s).
TWA: 5 ppm, 0 times per shift, 8 hour(s).
Recommended monitoring procedures: If this product contains ingredients with exposure limits, personal, workplace atmosphere or biological monitoring may be required to determine the effectiveness of the ventilation or other control measures and/or the necessity to use respiratory protective equipment. Reference should be made to European Standard EN 689 for methods for the assessment of exposure by inhalation to chemical agents and national guidance documents for methods for the determination of hazardous substances.
Exposure controls
Occupational exposure controls: Use only with adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep worker exposure to airborne contaminants below any recommended or statutory limits. The engineering controls also need to keep gas, vapour or dust concentrations below any lower explosive limits. Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment.
Hygiene measures: Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling chemical products, before eating, smoking and using the lavatory and at the end of the working period.
Appropriate techniques should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing.
Wash contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.
Respiratory protection: Use a properly fitted, air-purifying or air-fed respirator complying with an approved standard if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. Respirator selection must be based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product and the safe working limits of the selected respirator. Recommended: self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)
Hand protection: Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. 4-8 hours (breakthrough time): Viton
<1 hours (breakthrough time): polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) , nitrile rubber
Eye protection: Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk assessment indicates this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashes, mists or dusts. Recommended: full-face mask.
Skin protection: Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task being performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist
before handling this product. Recommended: chemical-resistant protective suit.
Environmental exposure controls: Emissions from ventilation or work process equipment should be checked to ensure they comply with the requirements of environmental protection legislation. In some cases, fume scrubbers, filters or engineering modifications to the process equipment will be necessary to reduce emissions to acceptable levels.
Internal OEL: Not available.

Stability and reactivity

Chemical stability: The product is stable.
Possibility of hazardous reactions: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous reactions will not occur.
Conditions to avoid: Avoid all possible sources of ignition (spark or flame). Do not pressurise, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind or expose containers to heat or sources of ignition. Do not allow vapor to accumulate in low or confined areas. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. Avoid exposure during pregnancy.
Materials to avoid: Highly reactive or incompatible with the following materials: oxidizing materials.
Hazardous decomposition products: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous decomposition products should not be produced.

Disposal considerations

Methods of disposal: The generation of waste should be avoided or minimised wherever possible. Empty containers or liners may retain some product residues. This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way. Dispose of surplus and non-recyclable products via a licensed waste disposal contractor. Disposal of this product, solutions and any by-products should at all times comply with the requirements of environmental protection and waste disposal legislation and any regional local authority requirements. Avoid dispersal of spilt material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains and sewers.
Hazardous waste: The classification of the product may meet the criteria for a hazardous waste.