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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across based on grouping of substances (category approach)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
27 Jul -10 Aug 2010
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP-guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1200 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nousan, Notification No 8147, November 2000; including the most recent partial revisions.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Vinasses, residue of fermentation
EC Number:
932-215-9
Molecular formula:
Not applicable (a generic molecular formula cannot be provided for this specific UVCB substance).
IUPAC Name:
Vinasses, residue of fermentation
Details on test material:
Name of test material (as cited in study report): Vinasses
- Substance type: dark brown suspension
- Physical state: liquid.
- Content: Approximately 65% dry material
- Lot/batch No.: 10052614
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 26 November 2011
- Stability under storage conditions: stable
- Storage condition of test material: in refrigerator (2-8 °C) in the dark
- Relative density: 1.8 – 2.0
- pH: 4.5- 5.5 (100 g/L H2O, 20°C)

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Crl:WI (Han)
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany.
- Age at study initiation: 10 weeks
- Body weight: 267 - 282 g (males) and 174 - 201 g (females)
- Fasting period before study: no
- Housing: Individually housed in labeled Macrolon cages (MIII type, height 18 cm.) containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, United Kingdom).
- Diet (ad libitum): pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).
- Water (ad libitum): tap water.
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days before start of treatment under laboratory conditions
- Health inspection: a health inspection was performed prior to commencement of treatment, to ensure that the animals were in a good state of health. Special attention was paid to the skin to be treated, which was intact and free from any abnormality.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19.7 - 21.6
- Humidity (%): 43 - 79
Temporary deviations from the maximum level of relative humidity occurred in the animal room. Laboratory historical data do not indicate an effect of the deviations.
- Air changes (per hr): approximately 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hours artificial light and 12 hours darkness per day.

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 27 July 2010 to 10 August 2010

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
The formulation was applied in an area of approx. 10% of the total body surface, i.e. approx. 25 cm² for males and 18 cm² for females. The formulation was held in contact with the skin with a dressing, consisting of a surgical gauze patch (Surgy 1D)*, successively covered with aluminum foil and Coban elastic bandage*. A piece of Micropore tape* was additionally used for fixation of the bandages in females only.
*. Manufacturers: Laboratoires Stella s.a., Liege, Belgium (surgical gauze) and 3M, St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A. (Coban & Micropore).

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
After 24 hours of application, dressings were removed and the skin cleaned of residual test substance using tap water.

TEST MATERIAL
- Dose level (volume): 2000 mg/kg (1.05 mL/kg) body weight.
Duration of exposure:
24 h
Doses:
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
not required
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days.
- Observations:
Mortality/Viability: Twice daily.
Body weights: Days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15.
Clinical signs: At periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15.
Necropsy: At the end of the observation period, all animals were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure and subjected to necropsy. Descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded.

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
other: Slight clinical signs were observed in 9/10 animals on days 1 and/or 2 and included: lethargy, hunched posture, shallow respiration, piloerection, ptosis and/or chromodacryorrhoea. Scales and/or scabs on the treated skin area were noted among two animals
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

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