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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Ecotoxicological information

Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Members of this category are gases at standard temperature and pressure, therefore conducting an aquatic ecotoxicity test is technically difficult and based on exposure estimates the test may not be relevant. Therefore, the use of a QSAR to predict the ecotoxicity of representative components of these streams is an appropriate technique for aquatic toxicity. In addition, it is difficult to assess the toxicity of UVCB streams using standard test methods. Instead, it is more appropriate to consider the toxicity of representative components of these streams. As such, as the category is made up of C4 hydrocarbons, representative hydrocarbon C4 substances butane (CAS no. 106-97-8), isobutane (CAS No. 75-28-5), isobutene (CAS No. 115 -11 -7) and butene (CAS No. 25167 -67 -3) have been used as read-across.

The use of ECOSAR is appropriate for this Category as these streams falls within the applicability domain of the model. The calculated 48 hour LC50 for representative substances within this Category showed a short term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates to be in the range 11 - 16.3 mg/L.These values have been used in the PBT assessment of this category.

The representative substances within this Category showed calculated short term toxicity to invertebrates results of 48 hour LC50 values in the range of 11 - 16.3 mg/L.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Fresh water invertebrates

Fresh water invertebrates
Effect concentration:
11 mg/L

Additional information